Hemp Companies Call Out Facebook’s Advertising Policy

A coalition of hemp businesses are calling out two of the country’s most popular social media platforms for what they believe are unfair advertising policies. According to the Hemp Industries Association, algorithms lumping the plant into the same category as marijuana have prevented industrial hemp companies from advertising on Facebook and Instagram.

Although the 2018 federal Farm Bill legalized hemp for farming at the end of last year, there’s still plenty of confusion about the non-intoxicating version of marijuana, particularly with traditional media like television. But social media companies — a relatively new form of media — have also frustrated the emerging industry by deleting certain profiles and prohibiting hemp companies from advertising.

“[Facebook] sort of has a blanket over cannabis, and is unable to really differentiate between hemp, which is legal federally, and marijuana,” says HIA executive director Colleen Lanier. “We feel that it’s really unfortunate that Facebook is promoting this artificial intelligence to tell things apart, and they can not seem to get it right for cannabis, especially hemp. We can put a billboard up in Times Square, but we can’t pay for a boost on Facebook.”

Lanier isn’t joking: Since 2015, her organization has been trying to meet with Facebook representatives, but has been unsuccessful. Now the HIA has paid for a digital billboard in New York City’s Times Square that will run daily through August 24, reading “Facebook: Stop Censoring Hemp.”

The Hemp Industries Association's billboard will run until August 24.

The Hemp Industries Association’s billboard will run until August 24.

Courtesy of the Hemp Industries Association

“They ghosted us,” Lanier says. “We recognize it as somewhat of a systemic issue across all social media, but we also recognize Facebook is one of the largest out there.”

Marijuana Deals Near You

Facebook, which also owns Instagram under Facebook Inc., has held a firm anti-marijuana advertising policy despite social acceptance growing for the plant over the past several years. There are numerous cases of hemp advocacy posts, CBD brand pages, cannabis educational platforms, entertainment pages and medical marijuana groups being suspended, prohibited or banned by Facebook, either in individual circumstances or broad sweeps. Facebook Inc. was recently sued by a cannabis media and education company over its advertising policies, according to Forbes.

Asked about its policies, Facebook tells Westword that the website permits the advertisement of non-ingestible hemp products without CBD, such as clothes and plastics. Hemp-infused food and any products with CBD are still prohibited from advertising, according to Facebook’s media department, but the social media giant is considering the possibility of allowing hemp seeds, hemp milk and hemp oil (without CBD) to advertise on its platforms.

While THC-laden marijuana will likely stay on Facebook’s shit list until federal prohibition is lifted and CBD products are still waiting for approval from the Food and Drug Administration, industrial hemp companies think that they shouldn’t be stuck waiting.

“Congress has made the most powerful statement that it could: that hemp is lawful, and that this substance is not to be stigmatized any longer,” explains Hoban Law Group attorney Garrett Graff, who represents clients across the hemp industry. “There’s very little guidance provided in the rhyme or reason as to why these advertisements, pages and profiles are shut down.”

Since hemp was legalized, Graff says, the Facebook pages and profiles of industrial hemp companies have been allowed to operate with less interference, but advertisements or sponsored posts on Facebook and Instagram related to hemp continue to be blocked. To avoid confusion or unnecessary red flags, Graff advises his clients to stay away from any phrases or images that might connect their hemp brands to marijuana.

“They all need to be cautious about the phrasing and imagery being used. For example, using a cannabis leaf could add to that stigmatization,” he points out, adding that traditional advertising routes through the internet, television and print are just as challenging. “There’s no one specific answer, because the answer could be different depending on the organization, and the state and platform they’re trying to advertise with, whether that’s Amazon or something else.”

Graff and Lanier believe the harsh treatment of the hemp industry is rooted in a misunderstanding of the plant’s new legality. However, state governments must still draft hemp-farming regulations or opt in to upcoming rules that will be released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture — and not everyone is on board. For example, South Dakota governor Kristi Noem vetoed a bill that would’ve legalized industrial hemp in her state, while three truck drivers hauling 7,000 pounds of hemp across the Oregon-Idaho border in early 2019 still face charges in Idaho, which does not differentiate between hemp and marijuana.

“It’s an unfair expectation that these advertising companies can cut through the BS and understand the true status of hemp,” Graff says. “We’ve certainly been encouraged by the recent passage of the 2018 Farm Bill — but the hope is to help compel a number of these outside stakeholders to be more embracing of the hemp industry.”

Toke of the Town

USDA Ranks Chicken Companies’ Salmonella Safety

Nov. 28, 2018 — Think price per pound is the only difference between chicken brands? A recent report from the USDA suggests there’s more to consider than your wallet when making your selection at the grocery store.

Last week, for the first time, the U.S. Department of Agriculture published the names of companies that produce chicken parts as well as their rankings on salmonella safety standards. The various producers earned a wide range of ranks — from Tyson, whose 32 facilities all met or exceeded standards, to Perdue Farms, which failed to meet standards in 8 of 11 facilities. The difference in the rankings, says Sarah Sorscher, deputy director of regulatory affairs at the Center for Science in the Public Interest, is “cause for concern.”

“A large number of parts producers have high rates of salmonella contamination,” says Sorscher. “Consumers should be aware that that’s a risk.”

What is salmonella?

Salmonella bacteria live in the intestines of people and animals. The bacteria leave the system through feces. Salmonella infection (or salmonellosis) usually spreads through contaminated water or food. For example, you can get it from undercooked meat that has trace amounts of feces on it.

Most people have no symptoms during a salmonella infection. When there are symptoms, they can include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, headache, and blood in the stool. Healthy people tend to recover from the infection in a few days with no need for treatment. But in some cases, the diarrhea can be so dehydrating that you need medical attention.

How does USDA evaluate chicken producers?

The USDA sets maximum limits for salmonella in meat and poultry produced in the U.S. Its Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) tests raw poultry samples from manufacturing plants for salmonella weekly. The FSIS ranks each facility based on salmonella testing results across a 52-week moving window. Each week, as new samples are tested, older results shift out of the ranking. 

Joe Forsthoffer, a spokesman for Perdue Farms, says the USDA’s rating system makes it difficult to shake a bad report or for good reports to improve an overall score. “It takes a considerable amount of time for progress to be reflected in the category rankings. They don’t necessarily reflect current salmonella levels,” he said.     

The rankings published last week were based on chicken parts producers’ performance during the 52-week window from October 2017 to October 2018. Category 1 facilities did not have more than 50% of the maximum allowable salmonella during that window. Category 2 facilities didn’t violate the maximum allowed salmonella, but were above the 50% mark. Category 3 facilities exceeded the maximum level. Category rankings are published on the FSIS’s website.

“Public posting of performance encourages establishments to make changes to address salmonella. It is in any establishment’s interest to ensure that it meets or exceeds the pathogen reduction performance standards,” says an FSIS spokesperson.

The FSIS notifies facilities when they do not meet performance standards, evaluates the facilities’ safety plans and strategies to correct the problem, and decides whether further action is necessary.

“We are continuously monitoring our food safety efforts to achieve the best possible results. We have an extensive [food safety program] specifically targeting pathogen reduction, including salmonella, with multiple interventions from live production throughout processing. We closely monitor our own system for change and react accordingly to mitigate increases in salmonella prevalence,” says Perdue’s Forsthoffer.

Producers of whole chickens and turkeys and pulled or ground meats are ranked separately. Tyson did not fare as well in some of its whole chicken facilities, two of which were ranked category 3.

“Both USDA and Tyson Foods test the chicken frequently to make sure our food safety efforts are working and meeting government standards,” says Worth Sparkman, a spokesman for Tyson. “A team of scientists and operations experts continually looks for new ways to prevent the potential spread of bacteria. They have made significant progress toward eliminating salmonella from our fresh chicken and continue to do more.”

How can you protect yourself?

“Salmonella is prevalent and can be present in raw meat and poultry, and in live poultry. No raw meat or poultry is sterile,” the FSIS spokesperson says. That’s why it can be hard for consumers to check out every brand before they buy chicken. But “grocery stores and other major purchasers stay up to date and won’t buy from failing producers,” says Sorscher, of the Center for Science in the Public Interest

Consumers can take these steps to protect themselves:

  • Double-bag raw meat at the grocery store, and throw away the bag afterward.
  • Do not place food on wet spots on the grocery store checkout conveyor belt.
  • Store raw meat, poultry, and seafood away from other foods in your refrigerator.
  • Do not allow water to splatter on kitchen counters when cleaning raw meat.
  • Use separate cutting boards for meat and produce or, at the least, cut produce first. 
  • Wash your hands after handling raw poultry, meat, and pet food to avoid contaminating other foods, spice containers, or kitchen surfaces.
  • Cook meat and poultry thoroughly. Cooking kills salmonella.
  • Never place cooked food on an unwashed plate that previously held raw meat.


Center for Science in the Public Interest: “USDA Names Slaughterhouses that are Failing Salmonella Performance Standards for Chicken Parts.”

USDA.gov: “FSIS Posts Individual Category Status and Aggregate Results for Poultry Carcasses, Chicken Parts, and Comminuted Poultry Tested for Salmonella.”

Mayo Clinic: “Salmonella infection.”

Sarah Sorscher, deputy director of regulatory affairs, Center for Science in the Public Interest.

© 2018 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

WebMD Health

Illinois Medical Marijuana Companies Expanding Facilities, Hire More Workers

JOLIET, Ill. (AP) — Cannabis growers across Illinois are expanding, despite years of lower-than-expected demand in the state’s medical marijuana pilot program. The facilities expect more residents to gain access to the drug through a bill awaiting a decision by Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner, the Chicago Tribune reported. The opioid bill would allow medical cannabis […]

US Policy on Cannabis Tough on Public Companies, Opportunity for Canadian Ventures

Some credit for the “green rush” bringing Canadian companies into the US cannabis market is due to a snag that makes it difficult for American firms to go public and access waiting investment capital. US firms that deal in the cannabis market that wish to be publicly traded are highly scrutinized by the US Securities […]

Israel Marijuana Companies Threaten to Take Their Business Elsewhere

In February, Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu halted plans for Israel to be the fourth country in the world to export medical cannabis. Now, Israel’s marijuana companies are threatening to flee and share their expertise with international partners if the restriction on export continues. Netanyahu reportedly put the plan in place for fear of upsetting […]

Two Companies Hold Cultivation Licenses in Lesotho

The first two marijuana production companies on the African continent have been given administrative approval by Lesotho’s Ministry of Health. The government of the South African enclave decided to legalize the cultivation of medical cannabis with the hope of creating conditions that allow foreign investors to produce and export medical cannabis in Lesotho. In June 2017, […]

Three Major Marijuana Companies Are Joining Forces

Three very influential marijuana companies are joining forces, and it could shake up the marijuana industry, according to The Daily Beast. Ontario-based Canopy Growth, Netherlands-based Green House and Colorado-based Organa Brands are going into a joint venture together and will distribute cannabis throughout Canada. As The Daily Beast notes, this means they will also be able to export marijuana from Canada, because it’s legal to do so in the country.

The partners will share Canopy Growth’s 20,000 sq. ft. indoor growing facility for production, which will give the two other companies a place to operate in Canada.

“Our business has separated itself from the competition by focusing on brands and products that resonate with people but also because we’ve found creative ways to collaborate with like-minded businesses to increase the breadth of our product offering,” said Mark Zekulin, president of Canopy Growth. “From world-class breeders like our partners DNA Genetics and now Green House Seeds, to sector innovators like Organa Brands, to cultural icons like Snoop Dogg, we work with the best in order to bring the best possible cannabis forward to our customers.”

Organa Brands is known for its popular line OpenVape, which is sold throughout the United States and Jamaica. This new venture will allow Organa to greatly expand its market.

“We are incredibly excited about this new partnership – since the inception of Organa Brands, one of the key tenets of our business has been forming smart partnerships with mutually beneficial results,” said Organa co-founder Jeremy Heidl. “Working with Canopy and Green House has been a surreal moment as we continue to fully recognize the impact of what this deal means for the industry as a whole.”

With such a wide array of products and markets, this is sure to be a huge deal. Canada is currently the largest recreational market in the world, so it’s a good place to be opening up shop.

The 420 Times

Colorado Dominates Top 150 Ancillary Cannabis Companies

Legalizing cannabis doesn’t just create jobs involving cultivation of the plant; it also creates businesses that aid those cultivations, infused-product manufacturers and dispensaries. Ancillary businesses to the cannabis industry can be in anything from extraction technology to industry consulting, with many, many things in between.

Ancillary businesses represent the largest and broadest sector of the cannabis industry, according to multiple industry reports, and many of the top companies are based in Colorado. Of the top 150 ancillary cannabis businesses on a recent list from Cannabis Business Executive, 41 are headquartered in Colorado. By comparison, California had 35 on the list, while Washington and Oregon combine for just 22.

As the first state to legalize recreational cannabis, Colorado had a head start on encouraging entrepreneurs to bring their ideas to fruition, or to further grow already existing businesses. You may have heard of some of these success stories, such as the Vicente Sederberg law firm and Leafbuyer, thanks to their media presence or consumer-facing products, while others are content to fly under the radar.

Compiling reader surveys and research over the span of four months, CBE chose its 150 favorite ancillary businesses and split them into categories. The highest-ranking Colorado company and only one to crack the top fifteen was Nexus Greenhouse Systems, a greenhouse manufacturer based in Northglenn. However, the company might want to widen its focus: According to the 2017 Marijuana Business Factbook, ancillary businesses that serve industries outside of cannabis have 7 percent higher profitability than those that don’t. The top overall entry on CBE’s list, Hawthorne Gardening, is a New York-based hydroponics and gardening provider that serves a wide array of cultivations beyond cannabis.

View the entire list and learn more about CBE’s grading methods on the CBE site. Here are the Colorado companies that made the cut, their focus and their rank:

Brian Vicente, seen here celebrating at the Amendment 64 victory party in 2012, has a lot to smile about these days.

Brian Vicente, seen here celebrating at the Amendment 64 victory party in 2012, has a lot to smile about these days.

Brandon Marshall

3. Nexus Greenhouse Systems
Cultivation Products and Services

17. Urban-Gro
Cultivation Products & Services

24. Ms. Mary Staffing

25. Vicente Sederberg

28. MJ Freeway

32. Your Green Contractor
Cultivation Products and Services

36. ExtractionTek Solutions
Extraction Equipment

38. Baker

40. Surna
Cultivation Products and Services

44. Terpp Extractors
Extraction Equipment
Fort Collins

48. Isolate Extraction Systems
Extraction Equipment

51. Canna Advisors

55. Wilton Inc.

56. Grocentia
Cultivation Products and Services
Fort Collins

57. Canna Security America
Security Solutions

58. Assurpack
Greenwood Village

The legal cannabis industry is largely cash-only, making armed security essential for most licensed pot businesses.

The legal cannabis industry is largely cash-only, making armed security essential for most licensed pot businesses.

Canna Securtiy America Facebook

65. Black Dog LED
Cultivation Products and Services

66. Vangst

72. Gobi Analytical
Lab Testing

73. Medicine Man Technologies

75. Helix TCS
Greenwood Vilage

77. Amercanex

78. American Cannabis Consulting

82. Hoban Law Group

83. National Cannabis Industry Association
Trade Association

87. RM3 Labs
Lab Testing

88. Mjardin
Cultivation Products and Services

89. Hemp Temps

90. Cova

95. Adilas

96. Green Mountain Harvest
Cultivation Products and Services

97. McAllister Garfield

101. 3C Consulting

107. Wurk

From left: Denver Relief's Emmett Reistroffer, Kayvan Khalatbari and Ean Seeb.

From left: Denver Relief’s Emmett Reistroffer, Kayvan Khalatbari and Ean Seeb.


111. BDS Analytics

113. Symplifia

121. Indo Expo Trade Show

123. Leafbuyer

126. Quintel-MC (ERP Cannabis)
Greenwood Village

138. Denver Relief Consulting

139. Flowerhub

Toke of the Town

FDA Warns 14 Companies on Bogus Cancer ‘Cures’

By Robert Preidt

HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday posted warning letters to 14 companies that are selling more than 65 fake cancer treatments.

The bogus products include pills, capsules, powders, creams, teas, oils and treatment and diagnostic kits. They’re most commonly marketed and sold without FDA approval on websites and social media platforms, the FDA announcement of its action said.

The treatments are frequently advertised as “natural” and often falsely labeled as dietary supplements, the agency added.

“Consumers should not use these or similar unproven products because they may be unsafe and could prevent a person from seeking an appropriate and potentially lifesaving cancer diagnosis or treatment,” said Douglas Stearn. He is director of the Office of Enforcement and Import Operations in the FDA’s Office of Regulatory Affairs.

“We encourage people to remain vigilant whether online or in a store, and avoid purchasing products marketed to treat cancer without any proof they will work,” he said in an FDA news release.

Nicole Kornspan is a consumer safety officer at the FDA. “Anyone who suffers from cancer, or knows someone who does, understands the fear and desperation that can set in. There can be a great temptation to jump at anything that appears to offer a chance for a cure,” she said in a second agency news release Tuesday.

Consumers should be wary of certain phrases often used in the marketing of these treatments: “treats all forms of cancer,” “miraculously kills cancer cells and tumors,” “shrinks malignant tumors,” “selectively kills cancer cells,” “more effective than chemotherapy,” “attacks cancer cells, leaving healthy cells intact,” and “cures cancer.”

The FDA advises patients to always discuss cancer treatment options, including experimental drugs, with a licensed health care provider.

“There are legal ways for patients to access investigational drugs, for example, taking part in clinical trials,” Kornspan said. Information can be found at the U.S. National Cancer Institute’s clinical trials website.

Unproven cancer treatments for pets are also common, according to the FDA.

“Increasingly, bogus remedies claiming to cure cancer in cats and dogs are showing up online. People who cannot afford to spend large sums at the animal hospital to treat cancer in their beloved dogs and cats are searching for less expensive remedies,” Kornspan said.

The FDA has issued more than 90 warning letters in the past 10 years to companies marketing hundreds of fraudulent products making cancer claims on websites, social media and in stores, the news release noted.

WebMD News from HealthDay


SOURCE: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, news releases, April 25, 2017

Copyright © 2013-2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

WebMD Health

Sugar Companies Shifted Focus to Fat as Heart Harm

By Mary Elizabeth Dallas

HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Sept. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) — Analysis of 50-year-old documents suggests the sugar industry manipulated research to play down the harmful effects of sugar on the heart, a new study says.

The sugar industry paid Harvard University nutrition scientists to build a case against saturated fat and cholesterol as primary causes of heart disease while downplaying the negative health effects of sugary foods and beverages, according to researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).

Those Harvard scientists received the equivalent of $ 50,000 in today’s dollars, the investigators said.

As a result, consumers may have been misled for decades into thinking only saturated fat harmed the heart, and not sweets, the researchers said. During that time, obesity and associated ills like diabetes reached alarming levels in the United States.

“There are all kinds of ways that you can subtly manipulate the outcome of a study, which industry is very well practiced at,” said the study’s senior author, Stanton Glantz, a professor of medicine at UCSF.

“As the saying goes, he who pays the piper calls the tune,” Glantz said in a university news release.

The Sugar Association said it still supports industry-funded research, but admitted it should have been more open about past its involvement.

For its report, the UCSF team searched public archives for internal corporate documents from the sugar industry.

According to their analysis, the sugar industry was aware by the 1950s that if people cut fat out of their diets, their sugar intake would jump by about 30 percent.

Around this time, studies began to warn of a link between sugar and risk factors for heart disease, like high cholesterol and triglycerides, the researchers said.

As media attention on the health risks associated with sugar increased, a trade group for the sugar industry — the Sugar Research Foundation — commissioned a research review by Harvard scientists. (The trade group today is called the Sugar Association.)

The association report appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine in 1967.

“The literature review helped shape not only public opinion on what causes heart problems but also the scientific community’s view of how to evaluate dietary risk factors for heart disease,” said Dr. Cristin Kearns, lead author of the new study. It was Kearns who unearthed the industry documents.


The review identified high cholesterol as the major risk for heart disease, suggesting high triglycerides associated with sugar were less problematic, Kearns and colleagues said.

Also, the Harvard researchers criticized prior studies that linked sugar and heart disease while sidestepping flaws in studies exploring the effects of fats, the new report revealed.

In all, the UCSF team analyzed more than 340 documents between sugar representatives and two Harvard scientists behind the 1967 paper. One of the scientists also served on scientific advisory boards for the sugar industry, the authors of the new study said.

Besides paying the scientists, the sugar group chose articles for inclusion in the review, and received drafts before publication, according to the new report.

These key details weren’t noted in the 1967 publication, the authors of the new study said in a report published Sept. 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

In response to the new report, the Sugar Association said in a statement that conflict-of-interest policies were less stringent and researchers weren’t required to make financial disclosures back then.

However, the association acknowledged it should have “exercised greater transparency in all of its research activities.” The statement further said research had continued to show that sugar “does not have a unique role in heart disease.”

The UCSF team disputes that, noting health policy has since begun to address sugar’s role in heart disease.

“There is now a considerable body of evidence linking added sugars to hypertension and cardiovascular disease, which is the No. 1 cause of premature death in the developed world,” said study co-author Laura Schmidt. “Yet, health policy documents are still inconsistent in citing heart disease risk as a health consequence of added sugars consumption.”

WebMD News from HealthDay


SOURCES: University of California, San Francisco, news release, Sept. 12, 2016; The Sugar Association, statement, Sept. 12, 2016

Copyright © 2013-2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

WebMD Health

The Animation Magazine 250: Animation Companies to Watch!


Our subscribers will be receiving in the next few days something special: The 250th issue of Animation Magazine!

For this special issue, we compiled a special list of 250 companies, people, products, events and projects that have — and will continue to — define the worlds of animation and visual effects now and long into the future.

We’re very excited about this monumental event and want to make sure our digital readers got in in the fun. So we’ll be rolling out the list online by categories — there are 10 of them — over the next two weeks. The categories are:

  • Animation Companies to Watch
  • VFX Companies to Watch
  • Executives to Watch
  • Creatives to Watch
  • Essential Software Developers
  • Can’t-Miss Events
  • Schools to Hire From
  • Agents to Watch
  • TV Shows Destined to be Classics
  • Animated Box Office Champs of All Time

Our first list is Animation Companies to Watch:

  • AniMex
  • Cloth Cat Animation
  • Cottonwood Entertainment
  • Cube Creative
  • Dwarf Labs
  • Glen Keane Prods.
  • Go-N Productions
  • Human Ark
  • Ink Brands
  • Karrot Animation
  • KinoAtis
  • Mad Entertainment
  • Marza Animation Planet
  • Moonbot Studios
  • Mousetrappe
  • One Animation
  • Reel FX
  • Splash Entertainment
  • Tinman Creative
  • Treehouse Republic
  • UP Studios
  • Wil Film ApS
  • Wild Canary
  • Wizart Animation
  • Zag Toons
Animation Companies to Watch

Animation Companies to Watch

To read the full list and all the details of each list, check out the print or digital editions of Animation Magazine #250.

We put a lot of effort into every issue and — if you read our newsletter and our site — we are sure you’ll find each information-packed issue is a bargain for anyone serious about animation. We offer a high-quality print magazine as well as a digital edition that ups the convenience and value even more. To subscribe, check out our deals here.

So, about the lists: None of the lists is ranked (except Top-Grossing Animated Features); each category is listed in alphabetical order and was compiled after soliciting — and receiving — suggestions from our readers. We received many great suggestions and gave them all due consideration. In the end, the list is one we carefully curated to offer an eclectic mix of promising newcomers and old favorites that have proven worthy of the recognition. That means some of the best-known names in the business were passed over because the industry already is scrutinizing their every move.

We hope our readers find the lists useful: that they might remind you how deep the animation industry is; that they might open your eyes to a new company, executive, talent or event that and help your efforts in this business succeed. And most of all, we hope they remind you how amazing it is to be involved in animation, whether it’s as a creator, a business person or just as a fan.

Lastly, we want to thank our readers, who have made it possible for us to publish 250 issues of Animation Magazine. We appreciate the trust you place in us and expect the next 250 issues will be even more amazing!

Tomorrow: Creatives to Watch!

Animation Magazine

VIDEO: Learn the Origin of Batman’s Arkham Knight – IGN News

Want to know the origin of the Arkham Knight, the villain of the upcoming Batman: Arkham Knight video game? Well, DC Comics has you covered.

Read more… “VIDEO: Learn the Origin of Batman’s Arkham Knight – IGN News”