Menu

Not Getting Enough Shut-Eye? You Have Plenty of Company

By Robert Preidt
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Nov. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More Americans are having trouble falling and staying asleep, and smartphones and technology are probably to blame, researchers report.

Their analysis of data from nearly 165,000 adults nationwide showed that the number who reported difficulty falling asleep at least once a week was up 1.4% between 2013 and 2017, and those who had trouble staying asleep rose 2.7%.

Those percentages may appear small, but it means that as many as 5 million more adults have sleep problems, according to study leader Zlatan Krizan, a professor of psychology at Iowa State University (ISU), in Ames, Iowa.

“How long we sleep is important, but how well we sleep and how we feel about our sleep is important in its own right,” Krizan said in a university news release. “Sleep health is a multidimensional phenomenon, so examining all the aspects of sleep is crucial for future research.”

The study was published online recently in the journal Sleep Health.

Krizan and his team could not say what’s contributing to the increase in sleep problems, but technology is likely a factor, according to lead author Garrett Hisler. He’s a former ISU graduate student who is now a postdoctoral associate at the University of Pittsburgh.

“We know from our previous research there is a correlation between smartphone use and insufficient sleep among teens,” Hisler said in the news release.

“If we’re on our phone before bed or we’re receiving alerts in the middle of the night, that can make it harder to fall asleep and stay asleep throughout the night,” he explained.

Too little sleep and poor sleep can increase the risk of heart disease, and sleep quality affects overall well-being, the researchers noted.

Krizan said, “We know that how well people sleep is generally very reflective of people’s health and may be an indicator of other conditions. If we want a full picture of the population’s health, it’s important to measure and track these changes in sleep trends over time.”

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE: Iowa State University, news release, Nov. 12, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

‘); } else { // If we match both our test Topic Ids and Buisness Ref we want to place the ad in the middle of page 1 if($ .inArray(window.s_topic, moveAdTopicIds) > -1 && $ .inArray(window.s_business_reference, moveAdBuisRef) > -1){ // The logic below reads count all nodes in page 1. Exclude the footer,ol,ul and table elements. Use the varible // moveAdAfter to know which node to place the Ad container after. window.placeAd = function(pn) { var nodeTags = [‘p’, ‘h3′,’aside’, ‘ul’], nodes, target; nodes = $ (‘.article-page:nth-child(‘ + pn + ‘)’).find(nodeTags.join()).not(‘p:empty’).not(‘footer *’).not(‘ol *, ul *, table *’); //target = nodes.eq(Math.floor(nodes.length / 2)); target = nodes.eq(moveAdAfter); $ (”).insertAfter(target); } // Currently passing in 1 to move the Ad in to page 1 window.placeAd(1); } else { // This is the default location on the bottom of page 1 $ (‘.article-page:nth-child(1)’).append(”); } } })(); $ (function(){ // Create a new conatiner where we will make our lazy load Ad call if the reach the footer section of the article $ (‘.main-container-3’).prepend(”); });
WebMD Health

Not Getting Enough Shut-Eye? You Have Plenty of Company

FRIDAY, Nov. 15, 2019 — More Americans are having trouble falling and staying asleep, and smartphones and technology are probably to blame, researchers report.

Their analysis of data from nearly 165,000 adults nationwide showed that the number who reported difficulty falling asleep at least once a week was up 1.4% between 2013 and 2017, and those who had trouble staying asleep rose 2.7%.

Those percentages may appear small, but it means that as many as 5 million more adults have sleep problems, according to study leader Zlatan Krizan, a professor of psychology at Iowa State University (ISU), in Ames, Iowa.

“How long we sleep is important, but how well we sleep and how we feel about our sleep is important in its own right,” Krizan said in a university news release. “Sleep health is a multidimensional phenomenon, so examining all the aspects of sleep is crucial for future research.”

The study was published online recently in the journal Sleep Health.

Krizan and his team could not say what’s contributing to the increase in sleep problems, but technology is likely a factor, according to lead author Garrett Hisler. He’s a former ISU graduate student who is now a postdoctoral associate at the University of Pittsburgh.

“We know from our previous research there is a correlation between smartphone use and insufficient sleep among teens,” Hisler said in the news release.

“If we’re on our phone before bed or we’re receiving alerts in the middle of the night, that can make it harder to fall asleep and stay asleep throughout the night,” he explained.

Too little sleep and poor sleep can increase the risk of heart disease, and sleep quality affects overall well-being, the researchers noted.

Krizan said, “We know that how well people sleep is generally very reflective of people’s health and may be an indicator of other conditions. If we want a full picture of the population’s health, it’s important to measure and track these changes in sleep trends over time.”

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on sleep.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Israeli Hydroponic Company Claims Machine Grows Weed For You

Growing cannabis is a rare legal entitlement enjoyed by Colorado residents, but the time and know-how to cultivate good pot is just as scarce for most of us. For potential home growers constantly on the go with travel and work, an Israeli hydroponic company says it has a machine that handles all the hard work for you.

Seedo Lab‘s automatic growing device could enable anyone with a smartphone to grow cannabis — or vegetables, flowers, leafy greens and plenty of other vegetation — after connecting the hermetically sealed grow box with a smartphone app.

According to the company, beginners at home don’t have to worry about being an expert or having the traditional amount of needed basement space. The Israel-based tech team designed the product specifically for those wanting to enter the home-growing game and enjoy privacy while growing weed, tomatoes and other plants.

“Until today, only consumers willing to put forth significant time and monetary efforts to growing their own cannabis could succeed via trial and error, and much-required knowledge,” Seedo executives Anat Tadmor and Avi Rosenbaum say in an email to Westword. “We truly simplify the process with the complete growing automation.”

According to the Seedo, all users have to do is pair the device with the Seedo app on their smartphones, install growing accessories such as water, nutrients and an air filter, and then choose a growth plan on the app (cannabis has its own specific growing plan). After that, the user plants the seeds, and the machine takes care of air conditioning, CO2 levels, lighting and the rest.

Inside of one of Seedo's new grow spaces.

Inside of one of Seedo’s new grow spaces.

Courtesy of Seedo Labs

The box automatically scans the plant every few hours, analyzing factors such as moisture and plant height
to adjust the environment for proper feeding and growth. Through the app, users are regularly updated on the status of the plant and when to harvest it.

“The Seedo device has wi-fi capabilities, and the app pairs with the device and connects to our server/cloud containing all grow protocols,” Tadmor and Rosenbaum explain.

Marijuana Deals Near You

The box can grow up to five plants at once, which adheres to the personal cannabis-growing laws in Colorado. According to the Colorado Marijuana Enforcement Division, adults 21 and up are allowed to grow six plants each (a maximum of twelve per household), with half of that maximum allotment allowed to be in blooming stage at any given time.

Colorado home growers must also keep their cannabis in an enclosed, locked area where the plant cannot be viewed openly or accessed by minors. Seedo’s machine checks off virtually every box in state home-growing laws, as it keeps the cannabis in an enclosed space and the box is lockable.

At less than three feet tall, the box’s forty-inch height (which also includes top and bottom space allocated for electrical and growing equipment) would’t allow for the tallest plants in the world — many sativas like to stretch farther than that — but indicas and certain hybrid strains tend to grow shorter.

“We aimed for a sleek, elegant, high-tech-looking design that will have a clear separator between traditional grow tents and grow boxes in the market,” Tadmor and Rosenbaum say. “Our technology allows for pesticide-free automated growing, from seed to harvest, of vegetable plants, herbs and cannabis.”


Toke of the Town

MMJ America Founder Launches Hemp and CBD Company

A new hemp and CBD company has hit Colorado retail outlets, and the founder has a familiar name to Colorado marijuana. Jake Salazar, the founder of Denver dispensary chain MMJ America, has moved on to launch Solari Hemp, a line of hemp and CBD gummies, lotions, gel capsules, tinctures and more.

Solari co-founders Salazar, Colin Gallagher and Myorr Janha spent over a year planning their new company, from designing the product lines to having the right genetics in place for a successful hemp crop.

“We founded the company on the vertical integration model,” Gallagher says. “We wanted to create a company with real partnerships, so our farmers are our equity partners, and we have strategic partners in different parts of the company.”

Through a vertical integration model, Solari Hemp has partnered with fourth-generation farmers who are currently manufacturing products from hemp grown over 150 acres of farmland in Eaton and Longmont. The company has control over every production step from seed to shelf, including cultivation, extraction and manufacturing. Solari will also sell wholesale industrial hemp to other infused-product manufacturers, as well as white label for other brands.

MMJ America Founder Launches Hemp and CBD Company

Courtesy of Solari Hemp

“It’s the most efficient and cost-effective way to produce a quality product and offer it to consumers at an affordable price,” explains Salazar.

The founder and former CEO of MMJ America, one of the first medical and recreational dispensary chains in Denver, says he sold his share of the company and left a little over two years ago. According to Salazar, there is greater opportunity in the hemp industry.

Marijuana Deals Near You

“I wanted to get away from the traditional marijuana industry and dive into something more cutting-edge,” he says. “Hemp is this gateway to clinical studies, and has different types of cannabinoids that can help people that aren’t as prominent in the marijuana industry.”

Legal approval from the feds and easier state regulations than legal pot has doesn’t hurt, either. Unlike state-licensed marijuana businesses such as MMJ America, Solari Hemp can sell its products online and even ship them across state lines. And by focusing on familiar wellness items like lotion and gel capsules, the brand believes it can reach even more consumers.

“People use vitamins or supplements on a daily basis,” Gallagher says. “We wanted to create a line of products that people would feel comfortable with and have at least some prior experience with. The goal was to gear the brand to cater to everyone and anyone trying to better themselves.”

Solari products are now sold online and at health and wellness, pharmacy, convenience, tobacco and grocery stores across the country, according to the company.


Toke of the Town

Cannabis Company Buys Colorado Brewery and Its CBD Beer Formula

For the past three years, Mason Hembree has been working on a difficult balancing act. He’s a craft beer brewer who feels more at home in the cannabis industry, a Libertarian iconoclast who is nevertheless trying to work within the system, and the owner of a tiny company who wants to play ball with the big boys.

Now, Hembree, who co-founded Dad & Dudes Breweria in Aurora in 2010, may have finally found the perfect nexus of those things. In late February, Hembree and his father, Thomas, sold their brewery to San Diego-based Cannabiniers, a company with big plans for growth.

The Hembrees also sold their unique intellectual property: the first and only federally-approved formula for brewing beer with CBD (a non-psychoactive hemp extract), as well as their patent-pending process for infusing that CBD into beer in a cost-effective way.

Continue Reading

“We are a group of rebels who have this great experiment going and now we have new allies who understand our intention. We are happy they saw the value in it,” says Mason, who will continue to run the brewery. “Even though on paper, it is an acquisition, we really view it more as a merger.”

“It’s a no-brainer,” adds Cannabiniers vice president Kevin Love. “They have this formula that no one else has, and they really opened our eyes to how we could get behind it with the mass of our organization.”

Cannabis Company Buys Colorado Brewery and Its CBD Beer Formula

Dads & Dudes Breweria

Cannabiniers is a beverage marketing company that bought San Diego’s Helm’s Brewing, a traditional craft brewery, in early 2018 and then launched Two Roots Brewing, which makes non-alcoholic beers infused with THC, which is stuff in cannabis that does get you high. The company is currently in negotiations to purchase at least three other breweries around the country, Love says, including two with large brewing capacities.

The eventual goal is to sell Two Roots in every state that allows marijuana sales, but also to run traditional beer breweries and to make non-alcoholic beer.

“We are following consumer trends in adult beverages. We had those three verticals, and hadn’t planned to get into THC beer with alcohol,” Love says. But since CBD doesn’t have psychotropic effects and is often used by people for its health benefits, Love says there are “no adverse complications” there. And with Dad & Dudes TTB approval and pending patent, the opportunity was just too good to ignore.

Back in September 2016, Dad & Dude’s became the first — and only — brewery in the country to gain approval from the federal Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) for a CBD-infused beer. The bureaucratic process took about a year, because the TTB required a thorough analysis of the beer’s ingredients and its recipe before it would grant formula approval.

The beer itself, George Washington’s Secret Stash, made quite an impression, drawing long lines at the Great American Beer Festival, and Hembree announced plans to distribute it in other states. (It was named for Washington because the first president had grown hemp for its textile uses.)

Cannabis Company Buys Colorado Brewery and Its CBD Beer Formula

Dads & Dudes Breweria

But in December 2014, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration surprised the CBD and hemp industries by declaring that it still considered cannabidiol (CBD’s full name) and hemp extract — even if non-psychoactive — to be Schedule 1 substances, just like marijuana. As a result, the TTB asked Dad & Dude’s to surrender its formula.

Hembree refused to do that and hired the same law firm that has been representing the Hemp Industries Association in an ongoing federal lawsuit against the DEA that came about as a result of the agency’s December decision. He did stop brewing the beer, however.

Last December, Congress passed the 2018 Farm Bill, which removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act  (where it had been classified, along with marijuana, since 1937), something that made it legal for farms to grow it as a crop and for states to regulate its cultivation and sale. But its future, along with CBD’s, is still uncertain, as other federal agencies, including the Food and Drug Administration, have raised concerns.

Hembree, however, wasn’t waiting around. Last July 4, after an eighteen-month hiatus, Dad & Dude’s quietly began brewing George Washington’s Secret Stash again, using its patent-pending and TTB-approved process. “We are announcing this now because we believe the dam is breaking for antiquated cannabis laws,” Hembree said at the time. The beer, an IPA, is infused with 4.2 milligrams of CBD per pint.

Cannabis Company Buys Colorado Brewery and Its CBD Beer Formula

Dads & Dudes Breweria

Over the past year, several small breweries across the country have brewed CBD-infused beers without formula approval from the TTB — and received letters telling them to stop. Some of these cases, in Florida and California, in particular, received media attention. Since Dad & Dudes does have formula approval, however, the federal agency can’t exactly tell them the same thing.

“They [Dads & Dudes] are the only ones who are allowed to do it,” Love says. “It’s a huge opportunity and the intellectual property is going to be well protected for the next few years, I would imagine.”

He also notes that Cannabiniers will rely on the Hembrees and their staff to keep pushing things. “They are the DNA of Dad & Dudes, literally, and their greatest asset. It was their ability to be brave and go out and get approval from TTB, and to fight to maintain it…that got that organization to where they are today.”

Both Hembree and Love say they don’t plan to make an immediate changes but that the eventual goal is to scale up production of Dad & Dudes CBD beers, perhaps at the one of the breweries that Cannabiniers is currently in negotiations with. “We plan to move with diligence and thoughtfulness,” Love says.

Toke of the Town

Drug Company Recalls Birth Control Pills

March 5, 2019 — Several lots of birth control pills have been recalled because they may be in the wrong order or may have an empty blister pocket.

Apotex Corp., based in Florida, on Monday announced the recall of four lots of drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol tablets, USP. The drugs are made by Oman Pharmaceutical Products Co.

The FDA says the product could become less effective if a patient does not take a tablet because it is missing or takes a placebo instead of an active tablet. No unexpected pregnancies or other events have been reported, Apotex says.

Anyone taking the medicine is encouraged to continue using it; to use a nonhormonal method of birth control, such as condoms or a diaphragm; and to contact their doctor for advice. Recalled products can also be returned to the pharmacy.

The recalled products, all of which expire in August 2020 and come in 3 mg/0.03 mg doses, include:

NDC number Lot number

60505-418-3 7DY008A

60505-418-3 7DY009A

60505-418-3 7DY010A

60505-418-3 7DY011A

Sources

FDA.gov: “Apotex Corp. Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Drospirenone and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets, USP, 28×3 Blister Pack/Carton Due to Possibility of Missing/Incorrect Tablet Arrangement.”

© 2019 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

‘); } else { // If we match both our test Topic Ids and Buisness Ref we want to place the ad in the middle of page 1 if($ .inArray(window.s_topic, moveAdTopicIds) > -1 && $ .inArray(window.s_business_reference, moveAdBuisRef) > -1){ // The logic below reads count all nodes in page 1. Exclude the footer,ol,ul and table elements. Use the varible // moveAdAfter to know which node to place the Ad container after. window.placeAd = function(pn) { var nodeTags = [‘p’, ‘h3′,’aside’, ‘ul’], nodes, target; nodes = $ (‘.article-page:nth-child(‘ + pn + ‘)’).find(nodeTags.join()).not(‘p:empty’).not(‘footer *’).not(‘ol *, ul *, table *’); //target = nodes.eq(Math.floor(nodes.length / 2)); target = nodes.eq(moveAdAfter); $ (”).insertAfter(target); } // Currently passing in 1 to move the Ad in to page 1 window.placeAd(1); } else { // This is the default location on the bottom of page 1 $ (‘.article-page:nth-child(1)’).append(”); } } })(); $ (function(){ // Create a new conatiner where we will make our lazy load Ad call if the reach the footer section of the article $ (‘.main-container-3’).prepend(”); });
WebMD Health

Broomfield CBD Company Shoots High With Hemp

When approximately one million people gathered in New York’s Times Square on December 31, 2018, most of them didn’t know they were standing in front of cannabis history being made as the ball dropped into 2019. But that night, a handful of hemp- and marijuana-related companies became the first of their kind to advertise in some of the most coveted real estate in the world. One of those companies was Elixinol, a hemp and CBD company based in Broomfield.

Don’t let the suburban headquarters fool you: Elixinol has been pushing the tired boundaries of cannabis advertising for some time now, building itself into an internationally known cannabinoid company. To learn more about the firm’s bid for Times Square and its plans for the future, we talked with founder and former physical therapist Gabriel Ettenson.

Continue Reading

Westword: As a former physical therapist, what attracted you to hemp and CBD?

Gabriel Ettenson: Inflammation is the biggest enemy of health. Chronic inflammation or a faulty nervous system was at the root of 95 percent of my patients’ symptoms. This typically manifested as a combination of pain and immobility. Not only does inflammation create pain, which makes it harder to move and stay active, but persistent inflammation creates internal damage. An inflamed body is in constant defense mode from the inside out.

Marijuana Deals Near You

While exercise and hands-on treatment was important, I always felt there needed to be something additional that would expedite my patients’ response to treatment. When I learned of the research on the neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties of CBD, I tried it and saw an immediate improvement in response time versus traditional treatment. I knew if I could reduce inflammation in my patients, I could improve outcomes and reduce suffering. CBD was benign and worked well on my patients, so for me, ignoring CBD’s benefits would have been a disservice to [them].

Elixinol made some news for its recent advertising in New York’s Times Square on New Year’s Eve. Can you explain what happened, and how that all came together?

We’re fortunate that even though we’re a quickly growing international company, we’re also able to be incredibly nimble and active. Our team identified the opportunity and put it together very quickly. It was a real team effort.

The company has also advertised in Tokyo, and tried to advertise in Times Square for New Year’s Eve in 2017. Why is real estate so important for advertising a CBD brand?

As more and more people become informed about CBD, we want to make sure that we’re there for those people. From seed to sale, Elixinol has really made it a priority to develop premium-quality CBD, and we want our advertising placements to reflect the product’s quality.

Elixinol makes or distributes a variety of hemp products, from protein to CBD tinctures to dog treats. What’s generating the most consumer interest right now?

This is something that has got me excited for 2019. Whether that’s a great-tasting beverage additive or a topical, everyone wants an effective CBD product that fits into their busy lifestyles — they want to throw it in their gym bag or purse and be able to use CBD when and where they want. I think we’ve done a great job developing easy-to-use, approachable, healthy products. But we’re only getting started.

Which hemp and CBD products are consumers lacking the most education in?

Like any natural product, not all CBD is the same, and I think people are realizing the importance of full-spectrum CBD. We know from research that full-spectrum CBD products, like Elixinol’s, use a full range of the phytonutrient hemp compounds and have vastly superior outcomes. People say all the time: “I had some CBD water, but I didn’t think it did anything for me.” Then we provide them with a full-spectrum product — ANY full spectrum product — and their eyes light up, and you can see they understand what all the excitement is about.

How does the Farm Bill’s passing affect the way that CBD tinctures, capsules and other products intended for human consumption will be marketed and labeled?

I’m sure there will be changes, but there have been none announced yet. If there are changes, I know Elixinol will do as we’ve always done: meet and exceed standards for extraction and packaging.

Toke of the Town

The current warning is linked to chopped romaine lettuce. Caito Foods’ lettuce supplier, Fresh Express, notified the company that the produce was being recalled.

July 31, 2018 — The U.S. Department of Agriculture has issued a warning about a possible cyclospora contamination in popular salad and wrap products.

The beef, pork, and poultry products are produced by Caito Foods LLC and sold at popular retail stores, including Kroger, Walgreens, and Trader Joe’s. The USDA has identified 25 affected items.

Cyclosporiasis is an infection you can get by eating or drinking cyclospora parasites. The time between becoming infected and becoming sick is usually about 1 week. The infection usually causes watery diarrhea, with frequent, sometimes explosive, bowel movements. Outbreaks are commonly linked to various types of fresh produce. Other common symptoms are loss of appetite, abdominal cramping, and nausea. Antibiotics are needed to treat the infection. People who have diarrhea should also rest and drink plenty of fluids.

The current warning is linked to chopped romaine lettuce. Caito Foods’ lettuce supplier, Fresh Express, notified the company that the produce was being recalled.

There have been no reported illnesses.

The following items and best-by dates are included in the USDA warning:

  • Roast Beef Wrap (Gordon Food Distribution): July 21, 2018
  • Caesar Salad with Chicken (Gordon Food Distribution): July 21, 2018
  • Santa Fe Chicken Salad (Gordon Food Distribution): July 21, 2018
  • Caesar Salad with Chicken (Caito Food Distribution): July 22, 2018
  • Chef Salad with Ham & Turkey (Caito Food Distribution): July 22, 2018
  • Roast Beef Wrap (Caito Food Distribution): July 19, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Cobb Salad (Caito Food Distribution): July 20, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Small Garden Salad with Chicken (Caito Food Distribution): July 20, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Small Caesar Salad with Chicken (Caito Food Distribution): July 20, 2018-July 22, 2018
  • Small Chef Salad (Caito Food Distribution): July 20, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Large Caesar Salad with Chicken (Caito Food Distribution): July 20, 2018-July 22, 2018
  • Chef Salad (Kroger): July 20, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Caesar Salad with Chicken (Kroger): July 20, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Cobb Salad with Chicken (Kroger): July 20, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Chicken Caesar Wrap (Kroger): July 18, 2018-July 21, 2018
  • Boar’s Head Ovengold Turkey Cobb Salad (Kroger): July 18, 2018-July 21, 2018
  • Boar’s Head EverRoast Chicken Caesar Salad (Kroger): July 18, 2018-July 21, 2018
  • Chef Salad (Kroger): July 18, 2018-July 21, 2018
  • Caesar Salad with Chicken (Trader Joe’s): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Chinese Inspired Salad with Chicken (Trader Joe’s): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Tarragon Chicken Salad Wrap (Trader Joe’s): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Santa Fe Salad with Chicken (Walgreens): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Asian Style Salad with Chicken (Walgreens): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Caesar Salad with Chicken (Walgreens): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018
  • Chef Salad with Ham & Turkey (Walgreens): July 21, 2018-July 23, 2018

If you have these products, throw them away. If you have recently eaten one of them, contact a doctor. You may not have gotten ill yet due to the parasite’s incubation period.

© 2018 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

WebMD Health

New Inspection Rules Briefly Halted Business at Large Dispensary Company

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — One of Florida’s largest medical marijuana treatment centers says it’s resumed processing cannabis after meeting a food-safety inspection deadline. Surterra spokeswoman Kim Hawkes said in a statement Friday that Surterra’s third-party inspections have been completed, and the company has received the required Good Manufacturing Practice certification. The Miami Herald reported Thursday […]
Marijuana

A Whole-Plant Terpene Profile for Extracts? Israel Company is Making it Happen

Consistency is the path to success for Eybna Technologies Ltd., a developer of custom cannabis extraction methods. The research and development company, founded in 2014 in Israel, specializes in developing what can be considered terpene technology, which is sold to companies in the US, Canada and Europe, mostly through CDB distillates and oils. Its ultimate […]
Marijuana

Lagunitas Brewing Company Now Offering THC-Infused Beverages

The merry pranksters over at Lagunitas Brewing Company have had a long, well-documented relationship with cannabis. And now the storied counterculture brewery has crafted a THC-infused beverage after nearly two decades of paying homage to weed culture. The 25-year-old brewery behind the No. 1 selling IPA in the world announced its latest creation, Hi-Fi Hops, […]
Marijuana

Big Pharma Company Partners with Cannabis Producer

There has been a major new partnership formed in the pharmaceutical industry, according to a newly filed binding letter of intent. American-owned cannabis producer Tilray will form a strategic alliance with Sandoz Canada, an affiliate of Sandoz International, the arm of Novartis Group that produces generic pharmaceutical products. This won’t be a limited partnership, either, […]
Marijuana

Colorado Company Produces First American-Bred Certified Hemp Seed

Colorado can now claim production of the first certified hemp seed in the United States after the Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies officially validated one of its varieties. Fort Collins-based New West Genetics submitted its trademarked ELITE hemp genetics for AOSCA certification and received approval in 2017, according to an announcement from the Colorado Department of Agriculture.

“The farmer can now have confidence that what he is buying is what he expects it to be, which is below 0.3 percent [THC] and true to type,” says Duane Sinning, assistant director of the division of plant industries at the CDA.

Founded in 1919 as the International Crop Improvement Association, the AOSCA sets the standards for seed certification for a number of countries, including the U.S., Canada, Australia and Brazil. (The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development certifies European seeds.) State-run member agencies then validate the seeds according to AOSCA standards through scientific trials. After the seed’s certification, Colorado farmers can eventually purchase it to grow for harvest.

Certifying a seed is no easy task. To ensure that the ELITE seed adhered to state standards, the CDA grew its own crops in different growing environments across Colorado to test THC content and make sure the crop exhibited characteristics described by its breeder, New West Genetics. Simultaneously, the Colorado Seed Growers Association cultivated the ELITE plants and received the CDA Approved Certified Seed label upon approval from the AOSCA

“Then, and only then, does it become CDA Approved Certified Seed,” continues Sinning. “So you have two organizations you’re trying to navigate, which is why this is a big deal.” The variety was tested in Colorado’s northeast region, Arkansas Valley, Front Range, San Luis Valley and Western Slope to get an accurate account of how it would perform in a variety of different locations, according to the CDA.

In 2016 the CDA launched the first hemp seed certification program in the country to validate which seeds would yield hemp that falls within the 0.3 percent THC threshold mandated by state law. Six varieties have been certified since, but they were all from outside the country: two from Italy and one from Serbia in 2016, and three from Poland in 2017.

Sinning says the certification means Colorado farmers who opt to use the seed won’t have to drudge along with the Drug Enforcement Administration to get seeds, which is often a timely and complicated process. However, one hemp farmer isn’t popping the champagne just yet.

Ginger Duer harvested her 85-acre inaugural crop on the Western Slope last year after two decades of working with psychoactive cannabis. Although she agrees that farmers need a stable supply, she’s not yet sold on the certified seed. She’s worried that cross-pollination could still spike the THC levels in the CDA’s seed stock. Not all farmers know how to grow hemp, Duer adds, and factors such as where it’s grown or lack of attention could cause the plant’s THC levels to spike.

Duer says she appreciates the CDA’s position and respects the new ground it’s breaking with hemp, but thinks what hemp farmers really need is a higher THC threshold, at 1 percent, and softer stances from the DEA, so it’s easier and faster to get high-CBD, low-THC genetics from Europe. Duer says she can get European hemp seeds with 12 percent CBD and .05 percent THC for $ 6 a kilogram (2.2 pounds), but it takes her around eight months to get them because of DEA restrictions.

“We need to ensure two things: stable seed stock that is not going to exhibit phenotype variations in-field, and we need an ample supply so that we do not create bottlenecks,” she says. “We need ample supply to depress the costs.”

A certified seed won’t free up hemp farmers from the DEA completely. Colorado farmers who use the CDA-approved seed won’t need to go through the DEA to get them like they must for foreign seeds, but interstate commerce is still a gray area. Sinning says the CDA is taking a middle ground on whether or not the certified seeds and the products they produce can cross state lines. Although the CDA is warning famers of the plant’s federal illegality, the department can’t stop them from transporting it.

“We make them aware of it, but we don’t tell them they can’t, because it’s outside of our jurisdiction,” he explains.

Toke of the Town