Ask a Stoner: What’s Different Between My CBD Oil and My Dog’s?

Dear Stoner: What’s the difference between the CBD oil I take and the CBD oil I give my dog? Can I just take his when I’m running low?
Pepo

Dear Pepo: That’s something I’ve often wondered myself as I see new CBD pet products debuting every other day. I understand the desire for CBD dog treats or pet shampoo with hemp oil, but if we’re only talking oils and tinctures, what’s the need for differentiation?

Bluebird Botanicals founder Brandon Beatty says his company makes CBD oils for both humans and dogs, adding that “usually, there is no difference in the way the oils are manufactured.” However, standards imposed by the Food and Drug Administration usually require different labeling for human drugs, food or dietary supplements than for products intended for animals. Beyond that, though, the variations are things like flavoring or small doses of cod liver oil extract for pets, which humans can take, too.

“I believe the oils are typically identical. With Bluebird, that’s the case,” Beatty explains. “Some companies might add special flavoring for animals, like bacon for dogs, and maybe something like cod liver oil for extra effect, but more often than not, I’d guess they’re identical.”

So can you give Fido your CBD oil, or vice versa? Probably, but read the fine print first.

Send questions to marijuana@westword.com.


Toke of the Town

College Grades Low? Try a Different Seat in the Classroom

FRIDAY, Aug. 24, 2018 — Students headed off to college will soon be spending many hours in cavernous lecture halls, and new research suggests that where they sit may help predict their final grade.

British researchers examined students’ reasons for choosing certain seats during a lecture and found that many preferred sitting with their friends. Others wanted to either attract or avoid the lecturer’s attention.

Some selected seats that enabled them to see and hear the lecturer clearly, while others favored seats that made them less anxious because they could easily leave them, the researchers found.

Groups of friends who sat together tended to get similar grades, the findings showed. And students who sat alone at the edges tended to have lower-than-average grades.

But the study only found an association and could not prove cause and effect.

Still, these findings could be used by lecturers to help anxious students and to encourage interaction between students, according to the study authors.

The report was published online Aug. 21 in FEBS Open Bio.

“Interaction is a key part of learning and knowing who the students are interacting with can be a great benefit when designing activities,” lead author David Smith, from Sheffield Hallam University, in England, said in a journal news release.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers college health and safety tips.

© 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: August 2018

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Oregon and Colorado Took Different Approaches to Regulating Marijuana Supply. Both Saw Prices Plunge.

By, Gillian Flaccus and Kathleen Foody PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — Two of the first states to broadly legalize cannabis took different approaches to regulation that left Oregon with a vast oversupply and Colorado with a well-balanced market. But in both states, prices for marijuana have plummeted. A new Oregon report by law enforcement found nearly […]
Marijuana

Ask a Stoner: Are There Different Forms of THC?

Dear Stoner: I hear there are different forms of THC. Does that mean the other forms aren’t from marijuana?
Roy

Dear Roy: Marijuana research is just starting to scratch the surface of the hundred-plus cannabinoids found inside the plant’s trichomes. Those cannabinoids include varying forms of THC and CBD, lesser-known cannabinoids such as sleep-inducing cannabinol (CBN) and anti-bacterial cannabigerol (CBG), and some that we don’t yet know anything about. Although pharmaceutical companies have developed forms of synthetic THC, everything you see for sale at a dispensary is plant-derived.

THC is such a beloved cannabinoid that some people wear it on their chests.

THC is such a beloved cannabinoid that some people wear it on their chests.

Courtesy of Piccadillypendants

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most well-known and common cannabinoid in most psychoactive marijuana plants. The majority of THC in marijuana plants is an acidic form of THC called THCA that’s only psychoactive when activated by heat, which converts THCA into regular, trippy THC. Commercial extractors are starting to experiment with Delta-8-THC, another form of the cannabinoid good for treating nausea and eating disorders, while 11-Hydroxy-THC is a potent, metabolized form of THC that your body creates after consuming marijuana orally — which is why edibles can seem strong even if you’re a regular toker.

Send questions to marijuana@westword.com.

Toke of the Town

Alaska Labs Return Widely Different Test Results for Marijuana Samples

By Lauren Williams and Lesley Nickus A report released by Alaska’s Department of Environmental Conservation in conjunction with the Alcohol and Marijuana Office (AMCO), revealed widely varied readings by two cannabis lab testing facilities on the same plant. The report, released June 4, 2018, performed data validation on samples AMCO submitted to CannTest and Steep […]
Marijuana

In A Different Light: ‘The Star’

The Star

Christmas movies are common enough, as are family Christmas movies. But Timothy Reckart saw an opportunity to do something different with The Star, an animated retelling of the nativity story told from the point of view of a donkey named Bo and his animal pals.

“We had boxes of tapes for the movies we play every Christmas [when I was a kid], and none of those movies were actually about the birth of Jesus,” says Reckart, who directed the movie and grew up in a Christian family. “It felt like an opportunity to be part of a movie that has not been done before, that’s really going to fill a void.”

This month, Sony Pictures Animation will release The Star, produced by Disney veteran Jenni Magee-Cook and executive produced by DeVon Franklin of Franklin Entertainment and Brian Henson and Lisa Henson of The Jim Henson Company. The film features the voices of The Walking Dead star Steven Yeun as Bo, a donkey who aspires to joining the royal caravan; Keegan-Michael Key as Bo’s best pal, Dave the dove; Aidy Bryant as Ruth, a sheep; Zachary Levi as Joseph; Gina Rodriguez as Mary; Christopher Plummer as King Herod; and Tracy Morgan, Oprah Winfrey and Tyler Perry as the wise men’s camels, Felix, Deborah and Cyrus.

The Star is the first CG animation project for Reckart, whose previous work was in stop-motion, most notably his Oscar-nominated short Head Over Heels and as a lead animator on the indie feature Anomalisa. While Reckart loves stop-motion, he says CG was the right choice for this project. “Christmas and stop-motion have a very long history together, and I wonder if being in stop-motion might have made the movie feel smaller,” he says.

Being Original

The idea of the movie presents a lot of challenges, starting with finding a story for the animals that complemented and resonated with the nativity tale. Reckart says it was important to be original. “We wanted to be able to have a movie where you have comedy and adventure, but we didn’t want to turn Mary and Joseph into comic characters or action heroes,” he says. “So if we could do that with Bo, but in a way that felt true to Christmas, then that was the goal.”

The script was originally developed about 20 years ago at The Jim Henson Company, partly inspired by the success of Babe, Reckart says. Redeveloping it for animation and audiences in 2017 was the first task on Reckart’s to-do list. That meant adding more comedy and action, as well as giving the characters a clear emotional through line. “That really seems to be the key to getting something that both parents and kids can tune into at the same level,” he says.

Head of story Louie del Carmen says the development process was very focused on making every design possible before heading into production with a limited budget and tight schedule.

“Tim understood the story he wanted to tell, and I was the guy who was going to champion that, and then also shore things up and also maybe even play devil’s advocate sometimes,” he says. “I think that that role really fit really well.”

Reckart gravitated toward the theme of great things coming in humble packages, which defined the arc for Bo. “Bo has the desire to go do great things, which I think all of us do, and he feels maybe at first that he’s settling when he decides that he wants just to stick with this couple that are important to him,” he says.

A Touch of Humor

Dealing with the nativity story in a way that was respectful of its importance to Christians as well as entertaining was a big piece of the development process, Reckart says. One thing he wanted to do was give them some humanity and an openness to life indicated by Mary’s willingness to accept the message from heaven that she was to carry the son of God.

“I don’t think I’ve really seen any images of Mary laughing,” he says. “But I wanted to do a Mary that laughed a lot and had a sense of humor and a real love of life.”

Joseph is focused on planning and wants to make sure everything’s right for his family, and learns to accept what he can’t change. “That gives Joseph room to grow, room to actually learn something from Mary, which is that at some point you have to let go and kind of let God take the wheel because not everything’s under your control,” Reckart says.

Levi and Rodriguez brought a contemporary humanity to the characters through their voice performances, which Reckart says he hopes will make Mary and Joseph accessible to the movie’s faith-based and general audiences.

Putting It All Together

Reckart asked character designer David Colman and production designer Craig Elliott to give the animals realistic anatomy. “We wanted them to feel really like animals,” he says. Among the more abstract notions the crew discovered was that most of the animals have horizontal profiles, while a human’s is vertical.

Magee-Cook says executive producer DeVon Franklin, a star in the faith-based entertainment community, played a big role in getting the all-star cast to sign on. And once actors began to fall into place, they played off each other really well.

“We got Oprah, Tyler and Tracy Morgan, and all three of them were so excited when they heard that that was going to be their trio,” says Magee-Cook. “And then when we got Steve Yeun, he and Keegan-Michael Key and Aidy Bryant all did Second City Chicago stuff. It’s like, without knowing it, we cast these little trios of people who had a connection already.”

Elliot says they wanted the film not to look like a stereotypical biblical epic, with ruins, rubble and desert. So he researched what Nazareth and Bethlehem looked like 2,000 years ago and found elements to play off of, such as discovering there were very specific and distinct styles of architecture for the homes of Romans and those of the natives.

“If we just do what was actually there, it will make a major difference,” he says. “We’re both historically accurate and we’re making it look great.”

Magee-Cook says previs worked with the storyboard artists to get shots fully worked out before being turned over to animation. “When we actually got into production…we had already translated it into a world that was doable so we could hand that to Cinesite,” she says.

Animation work started in January 2017 and the team peaked at around 70 or 80 animators. “They have a lot of animators who are starting out but who have shown a lot of promise, and we really saw a lot of growth even of individual animators from the beginning of production to the end,” Reckart says.

With the release nearing, Reckart says he hopes the movie connects with both faith-based and general audiences—and becomes something families can revisit every Christmas.

“I hope that this will be the movie that kids grow up with that introduces them to the story of the nativity,” he says. “And ultimately that it finds a sort of special place in the box of Christmas DVDs that every family has.”

Sony Pictures Animation’s The Star opens in theaters nationwide on November 17, 2017.

This story originally appeared in the December issue of Animation Magazine (No. 275).

The Star

THE STAR

The Star

The Star

THE STAR

THE STAR

Animation Magazine

Ask a Stoner: Strains Have the Same Name but Different Genetics?

Dear Stoner: How can types of pot have the same name but different parents? Some shops have a strain with one set of genetics, and another shop will have completely different information.
Gil

Dear Gil: You’re experiencing the effects of an infant industry. There is no government regulator or trade organization that punishes commercial growers for naming a strain whatever they want, no matter what the genetics were. Frankenberry, the strain I reviewed last week, has disputed genetics that probably include some combination of Purple Urkle, Big Bud, Blueberry, Blue Island Skunk and mystery sativas — but Denver’s most popular cut is found at The Herbal Cure, which bred it from Banana Kush and a Blueberry phenotype. Frankenberry is far from the only example of this inconsistency, and I wouldn’t expect the situation to change anytime soon.

Ask a Stoner: Strains Have the Same Name but Different Genetics?

Scott Lentz

Most commercial breweries or wineries belong to a trade organization, such as the Brewers Association or National Association of American Wineries, that acts like a watchdog to ensure that members aren’t making IPAs and cabernet sauvignons and calling them stouts and zinfandels. Unlike those industries, cannabis still has a long list of issues — production practices, distribution, banking and federal legalization, for starters — to figure out before it can start policing growers or creating universal genetics standards.

Have a question for our Stoner? E-mail marijuana@westword.com.

Toke of the Town

A1C Test Gives Different Readings By Race

By Serena Gordon

HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, June 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) — A commonly used blood test that measures average long-term blood sugar levels — called hemoglobin A1C — is known to give higher readings for black people with diabetes, and now new research may indicate why.

“There has been a long debate about why African Americans have a higher hemoglobin A1C than whites [with diabetes]. Is it a biological difference or do African Americans have higher blood glucose because they don’t have the same access to care or insurance?” said the study’s lead author, Dr. Richard Bergenstal.

“There would be rather profound implications if it was all of one or all of the other,” said Bergenstal, who’s the executive director of the International Diabetes Center in Minneapolis.

Instead, the study found that both biological and socioeconomic factors appear to play a role in the difference.

“It turned out to be a little bit of each. There’s a biological difference, and we don’t yet know why, but it accounts for about a half to a third of the blood glucose difference. The other part — which was an equal part or more — is from barriers to care,” Bergenstal said.

What’s important is that doctors and other health-care providers, as well as patients, don’t just assume these differences are normal and inconsequential, he noted.

“We can’t rest and say, ‘Oh, that difference is just normal,'” Bergenstal said.

The hemoglobin A1C test, commonly referred to as A1C, gives doctors a rough idea of what someone’s daily blood sugar levels have been over the past two to three months, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

The test works by measuring the amount of hemoglobin — that’s the part of red blood cells that carry oxygen — that has been “glycated.” Hemoglobin that has been glycated has sugar molecules stuck to it. This happens more and more as blood sugar levels rise.

A1C is expressed as a percentage of hemoglobin that has been glycated. For people without diabetes, an A1C of 5.7 percent or lower is considered normal. An A1C of 5.7 to 6.4 percent is prediabetes and 6.5 percent or higher is diabetes, the ADA says.

Continued

Once someone has been diagnosed with diabetes, the A1C provides a snapshot of blood sugar management. Your doctor or health-care provider uses the test to get an idea of how well your current management regimen is working, and to see if adjustments need to be made.

The study included 104 black people and 104 white people with type 1 diabetes. The study participants were all aged 8 or older. They had diabetes for at least two years. Patients were recruited from 10 diabetes centers in the United States.

The study volunteers wore a continuous glucose monitor for up to 12 weeks. This device measured blood sugar every 15 minutes. After 12 weeks, A1C levels were tested.

The mean A1C was 9.1 percent for black people and 8.3 percent for whites — a difference of 0.8 percent, according to the report.

But, based on their daily blood sugar tests, the difference between the two groups should have only been 0.4 percent, the study authors said.

Bergenstal theorized that this may be because more glucose attaches to hemoglobin in black people, which could be due to a shorter life span for red blood cells. But, this study wasn’t able to answer that question, and Bergenstal said more research is needed.

“I think these findings may have a small influence on management,” Bergenstal said. But he hopes this study’s findings will spur people with diabetes to spend more time looking at their individual blood sugar readings to help better personalize their blood sugar management.

“We’ve fallen back on the A1C because it’s easy, but an even better way is to actually look at glucose readings,” he said.

Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, agreed with Bergenstal that health-care professionals shouldn’t rely solely on A1C.

“A1C has been a tremendous tool in the diagnosis and management of individuals with diabetes — both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes,” he said.

But, “as with many other tools, it is not perfect,” Zonszein said. “There is always intrapatient variability, interpatient variability and racial variability. Many clinicians are aware or should be aware of the black and white differences.”

Continued

Zonszein noted several limitations with the new study, such as not accounting for iron deficiency, and for using measures such as continuous glucose monitoring that haven’t been well-standardized in research yet.

He said he still considered A1C the gold standard. “The study was well-intended and the findings suggest that further research is needed, but no changes in clinical practice are necessary,” Zonszein explained.

However, “I do not agree that the A1C has limited or no validity in the African American population. It has been shown to be a very useful test for diagnosis and treatment of a segment of our [hospital’s] population that tends to have less stringent glycemic control and more complications,” Zonszein said.

The study was published June 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCES: Richard Bergenstal, M.D., executive director, International Diabetes Center, Minneapolis; Joel Zonszein, M.D., director, Clinical Diabetes Center, Montefiore Medical Center, New York City; June 13, 2017,  Annals of Internal Medicine

Copyright © 2013-2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

WebMD Health

Zika Arrived in Florida at Least Four Different Ways

WEDNESDAY, May 24, 2017 — The 2016 Zika outbreak in Florida wasn’t due to a single introduction and spread of the virus, but rather at least four separate events, researchers report.

By analyzing the genetic material of Zika viruses found in people and mosquitoes in Florida, the scientists also concluded that local transmission of the Zika virus likely began in spring 2016 before the first local case was confirmed.

The researchers said they also discovered that three of the Zika strains that affected Florida spread through the Caribbean islands first before reaching the state. The fourth spread through Central America, the study authors said.

Based on their findings, the researchers believe that a similar Zika transmission pattern could happen again this year in Florida.

There are a number of reasons why Florida is a likely hotspot for Zika outbreaks in the United States, study co-leader Sharon Isern of Florida Gulf Coast University said.

These factors include the climate and an abundance of Zika-carrying Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Plus, many people from the Miami area travel to countries where Zika is already established in Latin America and the Caribbean.

While the Zika virus is not harmful to most people, it can cause fevers, rash, headache, joint and muscle pain. It is, however, a significant risk to pregnant women because the virus can cause microcephaly, in which babies are born with underdeveloped heads and brains.

The new study was published May 24 in the journal Nature.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on Zika.

Posted: May 2017

Recommended for you


Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Obese Kids Have Different Germs in Their Gut

TUESDAY, Sept. 20, 2016 — Obese children and teens have different types of bacteria living in their digestive tract than their normal-weight peers, a new study reports.

The researchers said this finding might eventually lead to a way to target specific species of bacteria and help prevent or treat early onset obesity.

For the study, the researchers analyzed the gut bacteria and weight of 84 young people between the ages of 7 and 20. Of these kids, 27 were obese, 35 were severely obese, seven were overweight and 15 were normal weight.

The children and teens underwent an MRI to assess their body fat distribution. They also gave blood samples and kept track of what they ate in a food diary for three days.

The study authors found eight groups of gut bacteria that were linked to the amount of fat in the body. Four of them thrived more in the young people who were obese, the study showed.

Smaller amounts of the other four bacteria groups were found in the young people who were obese than those who were a normal weight. The researchers noted the gut bacteria of the obese kids was usually more efficient at digesting carbohydrates than the bacteria found in the young people who were not overweight.

The study was published Sept. 20 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The American Heart Association and the U.S. National Institutes of Health provided some of the funding for the study.

The research also found that obese children more often had higher levels of short chain fatty acids in their blood than the normal-weight children. These short chain fatty acids, which are produced by some types of gut bacteria, are linked with the production of fat in the liver, the researchers said.

“Our research suggests that short chain fatty acids can be converted to fat within the liver and then accumulate in the fat tissue,” senior study author Dr. Nicola Santoro said in a journal news release. He’s an associate research scientist in Yale University’s department of pediatrics, in New Haven, Conn.

“This association could signal that children with certain gut bacteria face a long-term risk of developing obesity,” he added.

Obesity affects 17 percent of young people in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides more information on obesity.

Posted: September 2016

View comments

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Are Male and Female Brains Different?

By Lisa Collier Cool
WebMD Feature

Of course, there’s isn’t a simple answer to that question.

Recommended Related to Brain & Nervous System

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Read the Stem Cells for ALS: Inside a Clinical Trial article > >

While some brain features are more common in one sex than the other, and some are typically found in both, most people have a unique mix.

Research has found some key differences that could explain why we expect males and females to think and behave in characteristic ways.

But even if the physical brain doesn’t change, how it works can.

Most Brains Are Both

A 2015 study at Tel Aviv University used an interesting and very thorough approach to compare the structure of male and female brains. Researchers looked at MRI scans of more than 1,400 people.

First, they measured the amount and location of gray matter (sometimes called “thinking matter”) in 116 parts of the brain to find out which areas had the biggest sex differences. Next, the team scored these areas on each scan as either falling into the “female-end” zone, the “male-end” zone, or somewhere in the middle.

It turned out that maybe 6 in every 100 of the brains they studied were consistently a single sex. Many others had a patchwork quilt of masculine and feminine features that varied widely from person to person.

To check their findings, the team used similar methods to analyze more than 5,500 people’s personality traits and behavior. While some activities were more common in women (including scrapbooking, chatting on the phone, and keeping in touch with mom) and others in men (such as golfing, playing video games, and gambling), 98% of those studied didn’t fit a clear-cut gender profile.

Overall, the findings suggest that “human brains do not belong to one of two distinct categories.”

‘Brain Road Maps’ Reveal Differences

While the MRI research mainly focused on brain structures, another scientist has been exploring the nerve pathways that link them, like a highway system for the brain’s traffic.

We know that hormones influence brain development in the womb, yet before age 13, boys’ and girls’ mental circuitry appears similar. During puberty, hormones may again have a powerful effect and contribute to rewriting the teen brain.

WebMD Health

Last Guardian Dev Teases Something “New and Different” for TGS

Sony’s PlayStation 4 adventure game, The Last Guardian, sounds like it will make an appearance next week at the Tokyo Game Show in Japan.

Co-developer genDESIGN says it is discussing a “new and different” way to show off the PS4 title during the Japanese event next week. “We are thinking about how to take Trico to the Makuhari ( in a new and different way),” reads a tweet from the studio that was accompanied by the image below.

Trico is the name of the bird-dog creature in The Last Guardian. Makuhari, meanwhile, is the venue where the Tokyo Game Show will be held.

Last week, Sony announced 15 PS4 titles that would be available at its TGS booth. The Last Guardian was not among them, but Sony cautioned at the time that it may add more games to the lineup later.

Sony’s TGS 2015 briefing is slated for Tuesday, September 15, while the show itself runs September 17-20. GameSpot will have a team on the ground, bringing you news, impressions, and more all week.

After years of speculation, Sony officially announced that The Last Guardian, which was originally announced in 2009 as a PlayStation 3 title, had shifted to PS4. The game is slated to launch sometime in 2016.

If The Last Guardian does indeed show up at TGS next week, what would you like to see? Let us know in the comments below.

GameSpot

Ask The 420 Times: PPM Levels for Different Phases of Plant Growth

We recently received a query from one of our green thumbed readers in regards to what PPM (parts-per million) levels are considered ideal for each growth stage of cannabis.

So, we thought we would not only list the idyllic levels for each phase of a cannabis plant’s life, but also do our best to define parts-per million (PPM) and the role it plays in cannabis cultivation.

What is PPM?

Technically speaking, the parts-per notation is a set of imitation elements commonly used in the fields of science and engineering in order to illustrate diminutive values of various dimensionless quantities. A dimensionless quantity is a quantity to which no physical dimension is applicable. In addition, parts-per million is used as a way to calculate minute levels of pollutants in air, water, plant water runoff, etc.. From a mathematical standpoint, parts-per million is the mass ratio between the pollutant component and the solution, and PPM is defined as:

PPM = 1,000,000 mc / ms         (1)

where:

mc = mass of component (kg, lbm)

ms = mass of solution (kg, lbm)

PPM can be also be expressed as:

  • 1 PPM = 0.0001 %
  • 1, 000 PPM = 0.1 %
  • 10, 000 PPM = 1%

Say what?

I know, right?

In layman’s terms, PPM is a way of expressing very dilute concentrations of substances. For example, per cent means out of a hundred, therefore parts-per million or PPM means out of a million. The notation more often than not describes the concentration of something in water or soil. One PPM is equivalent to 1 milligram of something per liter of water (mg/l) or 1 milligram of something per kilogram soil (mg/kg).

What role does PPM play in cannabis cultivation?

First of all, one must possess a meter designed to gauge PPM in order to determine what their particular level of particulates indeed are. Once you’ve obtained said meter, it’s then used to not only help measure the levels of nutrient and/or fertilizer solution you’re using per gallon of water, but it’s also used to determine what rate of particles are present in the water you’re using to feed your crop.

Before deciding the amount of nutrient solution you’re going to mix per gallon of water, it’s best to measure the PPM level of your water supply in advance in order to determine the proper ratio of nutrient solution per gallon of water you’re going to use. For example, let’s say you want your solution mixed with water to be at approximately 850 PPM. So, if your water is testing at 120 PPM you would need to have a nutrient solution level of around 730 PPM in order to reach your desired reading.

Although knowing the exact levels of PPM can be instrumental when attempting to determine how much nutrients/fertilizers to feed your cannabis crop (especially for those using a hydroponic gardening system), it’s suggested to let the plant(s) tell you how much nutrients/fertilizers it needs.

Not all strains of cannabis require the same PPMs. So, rather than attempting to use a PPM meter to establish the amount of nutrients/fertilizers you’re feeding your ladies, use the meter to keep track of your milliliters to gallons ratio in order to dial in your feeding schedule. It’s highly recommended that you start by feeding your crop a weak nutrient/fertilizer per gallon of water ratio and continue to slowly increase the amount as your plant(s) begins to show you their dietetic requirements.

PPM levels chart:

  • Seedlings, Early Sprouts – 100 to 250
  • Early Veg’ Stage – 300 to 400
  • Full Vegetation Stage – 450 to 700
  • Early Blooming Stage – 750 to 950
  • Full Mature Bloom/Ripening Stage – 1000 to 1600

Do you have question concerning cannabis cultivation or anything related to weed?

Then drop us a line anytime at erik@the420times.com ????

Grow on and keep it green!

The 420 Times

Different Ways To Toke Your Wax

Although it seems that the majority of consumers of all things THC are still content with blazing buds via some implement of combustion in order to achieve their buzz, more and more tokers are leaning toward a cleaner alternative to torching plant material. And just what is this “cleaner alternative” we’re referring to? It’s a form of concentrate that’s known by many names with the most common being “wax”.

Wax is merely a moniker for forms of hashish that have a waxy consistency. Most commonly, wax-style hashish is produced via using dry or fresh frozen plant material that’s added to ice and water then ran through what is known as a “washing” process in order to separate the sought after glandular trichome heads from their original address to make “water hash”. Once the water hash has been properly dried and cured it takes on the uniformity of wax as we mentioned before, which is one the ways it acquired its nickname. Another reason this form of hashish is called wax is due to the fact that when dried and ready for consumption, it resembles that of human ear wax. I know, it’s gross, right? Well, it’s gross but true, tokers.

And as the popularity of consuming concentrated forms of THC continues to increase across the country (and as it becomes more readily available for tokers to try), we’re finding that an increasing amount of individuals are posing the query as to how they go about combusting this particular type of concentrate. So, we here at Get High thought it would be a good idea to list a few ways to do just that.

Ways To Toke Wax

1- One of the oldest ways to enjoy a nice glob of wax is by using what is known as a Chillum, which is a short straight pipe, typically made of clay, used for smoking hashish, marijuana, or a combination of the two.

2- Another truly “old school” method for puffing that waxy stuff is by utilizing a sewing needle or straight pin that’s been fixed to a piece of cork, and a drinking glass. You merely form some wax into the shape of a small ball, carefully place it onto the head of the needle, light the wax with a lighter until it starts to combust, then cover the now smoldering wax with the drinking glass allowing it to fill with smoke. Once the drinking glass fills with smoke, you simply lift the edge of the glass while inhaling the tasty results.

3- A different but still classic way to benefit from your wax is by adding into the mix while rolling up a few spliffs or blunts. This method has been around for eons but it’s still one of the easiest ways to get the job done, especially when you’re blazing with an assemblage of likeminded individuals. Puff, puff, pass!

4- If filling a joint with your favorite wax or sucking smoke out of a drinking glass doesn’t sound appealing, you could always opt for the method that is ever-increasing in popularity, the vape pen. Granted it’s no needle poked through a piece of cork, but hey, it is the twenty-first century after all. More and more companies are coming out with vape pens designed specifically to use for smoking concentrates. And what better way to satisfy that urge to toke than with something that looks as if you’re puffing on an electronic cigarette. Talk about a stealthy way to combust your wax, right? It’s the only way to travel!

5- Another easy way to consume wax is by adding some to the top of a pipe or spoon freshly-packed with pot. You can also place a fine mesh screen or what is known as a “health stone” (a natural inert material)  in your spoon’s bowl and forgo the weed altogether if you so desire.

6- One of the most popular methods going right now for toking waxy forms of hashish has to be that of what is known as doing “dabs” on a heated “nail”. Whether it is heated via an electronic heating element (otherwise known as an “e-nail”) or a butane torch, the nail is by far one of the best ways to combust your wax. Concentrate nails are typically retrofitted to your favorite glass implement of combustion or what is referred to by those in the marijuana industry as a “rig”.

So, whether you prefer to go “old school” or choose to be a twenty-first-century toker, we hope this list of options will help guide you in the ways of consuming your wax.

“Wax on” and stay lifted, tokers!

The 420 Times