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What Foods Are Most Likely to Cause Acne Breakouts?

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 — Certain eating habits, high levels of stress and exposure to pollution are among the greatest factors associated with acne, researchers say.

They studied links to acne in more than 6,700 people from six countries in Europe and the Americas. The analysis showed that many more people with acne consume dairy products each day than those without acne — 48.2% versus 38.8%.

The same was true for soda, juices or syrups (35.6% versus 31%); pastries and chocolate (37% versus 27.8%); as well as other sweets (29.7% versus 19.1%).

The study also found that 11% of acne sufferers consume whey proteins compared to 7% of those without acne. And 11.9% of acne sufferers use anabolic steroids versus 3.2% of others.

Exposure to pollution and stress was also more common among people with acne, and they were also more likely to use harsh skin care practices.

The findings reflected an association with acne, but not a cause-and-effect link. The study was scheduled to be presented Saturday at a meeting of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), in Madrid.

Lead author Dr. Brigitte Dreno, head of dermatology at University Hospital of Nantes in France, noted that acne is one of the most common reasons people see a dermatologist.

“Its severity and response to treatment may be influenced by internal and external factors, which we call the exposome,” Dreno said in a meeting news release. “For the first time, this study allows us to identify the most important exposome factors relating to acne from patient questioning prior to any treatment prescription.”

Previous research has suggested that tobacco use is an acne trigger, but this study did not link tobacco with acne.

Acne affects about 1 in 10 people worldwide, and as many as 40% of adult women.

“Understanding, identifying and reducing the impact of exposome is important for an adequate acne disease management as it may impact on the course and severity of acne as well as on treatment efficacy,” said Dreno, who is also chair of the meeting’s Scientific Programming Committee.

Research presented at meetings is typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on acne.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: October 2019

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Pregnancy Much More Likely for Teen Girls With ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 — Girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are six times more likely to wind up as teenage moms, a new Swedish study reports.

The impulsiveness and disorganization associated with ADHD appear to make girls with the disorder more likely to become pregnant, said lead researcher Charlotte Skoglund, a clinical neuroscientist with the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.

“Clearly, standard of care in girls and women with ADHD should include active efforts to prevent teenage pregnancies in order to reduce long-term adverse consequences for both women and their children,” Skoglund said.

The findings were published Oct. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

The new study supports prior research that came to similar conclusions, said Dr. Eugene Arnold, professor emeritus of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Ohio State University.

Arnold cited another recent study that found that both boys and girls with ADHD tend to have earlier sexual experiences than those without the disorder.

“It’s not only what you would expect, but it’s what’s already established pretty well,” Arnold said. “The symptoms of ADHD set a girl up for early pregnancy.”

The new study involved more than 384,000 Swedish women and girls between the ages of 12 and 50 who gave birth between 2007 and 2014. Of those women, about 6,400 had been diagnosed with ADHD.

Teenage births were 6.2 times more likely among women and girls with ADHD, researchers found.

Females with ADHD also were more likely to have risk factors that could harm their pregnancy, including smoking during the third trimester (6.8 times as likely), morbid obesity (two times as likely) and alcohol or drug abuse (20 times as likely).

People with ADHD have trouble keeping their lives organized, which means girls are more likely to forget to carry around condoms or take their birth control pill daily, Arnold explained.

They also are more likely to be impulsive and take risks in their daily lives, Arnold and Skoglund said.

However, it also appears as though doctors, counselors and parents aren’t taking ADHD into account when talking safe sex with teen girls, Skoglund and Arnold added.

“Women with ADHD may receive inadequate contraceptive counseling in regards to their underlying difficulties,” Skoglund said. “They somehow fail to access — or inadequately respond or act upon — such counseling.”

Contraception is widely available in Sweden, Skoglund said, but that doesn’t seem to make a difference for girls with ADHD.

“In contrast to those without a diagnosis, this group doesn’t seem to benefit from guidance on contraception and societal interventions targeting the risk for early and unplanned pregnancies that has been very successful in other groups of teens,” Skoglund said.

The problem is compounded by the fact that ADHD is under-recognized and underdiagnosed among females, she added.

Skoglund and Arnold said it is very important for parents of an ADHD-diagnosed teen girl to make sure their disorder is being adequately treated.

“In addition, they should make sure that their daughters have sufficient contraception, and intervene to prevent early debut and use of alcohol and illicit drugs,” Skoglund said.

Parents might want to consult with the girl’s gynecologist about forms of birth control that don’t require daily attention, such as a hormone implant or an IUD, Arnold said.

More information

Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) has more about ADHD among women and girls.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: October 2019

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Fast-Food Joints in the Neighborhood? Heart Attack Rates Likely to Go Up

THURSDAY, Aug. 15, 2019 — If you live in a neighborhood where fast-food restaurants abound, you might be more likely to have a heart attack, new research suggests.

It turns out that heart attack rates are higher in neighborhoods with more fast-food joints, the Australian study found.

For every additional fast-food outlet in a neighborhood, there were four additional heart attacks per 100,000 people each year, according to the report.

To come to that conclusion, researchers examined data on nearly 3,100 patients hospitalized with a heart attack in a region of Australia between 2011 and 2013.

“The findings were consistent across rural and metropolitan areas of New South Wales and after adjusting for age, obesity, high blood lipids, high blood pressure, smoking status and diabetes. The results emphasize the importance of the food environment as a potential contributor towards health,” said study author Tarunpreet Saluja, from the University of Newcastle in Callaghan.

Ischemic heart disease, including heart attack, is one of the leading causes of death worldwide,” Saluja noted. “It is known that eating fast-foods is linked with a higher likelihood of fatal and nonfatal heart attacks. Despite this, there is rapid growth in the purchase and availability of fast-food. This highlights the need to explore the role of food availability in the probability of having a heart attack,” he said.

“Previous studies have shown that the poor nutritional value, high salt and saturated fat in fast-food is connected to heart disease, yet the role of greater access to these restaurants has been less clear,” Saluja said in a European Society of Cardiology (ESC) news release.

The study findings were presented Aug. 11 at the annual meeting of the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Research presented at meetings should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

According to Jeroen Bax, past president of the ESC, “Tackling heart disease requires individual responsibility and actions at population level. This study highlights the impact of the food environment on health. In addition to regulating the location and density of fast-food outlets, local areas should ensure good access to supermarkets with healthy food.”

More information

The American Heart Association outlines lifestyle changes to prevent heart attack.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: August 2019

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CPR Less Likely for Poor Black Kids Study Finds

By Robert Preidt
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Cardiac arrest is rare in children. But a new study finds that if it does happen, kids are less likely to get life-saving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if they’re black and living in a poor neighborhood.

In fact, these kids were much less likely to receive CPR from a bystander than white children living in any type of neighborhood, the research showed.

Children in other racial groups were also less likely to receive bystander CPR than white children, the study authors said.

Although cardiac arrest in children is far less common than in adults, each year about 7,000 children in the United States experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, according to the American Heart Association. Cardiac arrest is caused when the heart’s electrical system malfunctions and the heart stops beating properly.

Often, bystanders who know CPR techniques can rise to the rescue. Prior studies have tracked bystander CPR rates in adults, but the researchers said they believe this is the first study to focus on how race and class might affect CPR rates among children.

The team from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia analyzed data on nearly 7,100 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests that occurred in children between 2013 and 2017. Of those, 61% involved infants, 60% were boys, 31% were white kids, 31% were black kids, 10.5% were Hispanic kids and 3% were other races/ethnicities. Ethnicity was unknown in about one-quarter of the cases.

Overall, 48% of the children did receive bystander CPR. However, compared to whites, bystander CPR was 41% less likely for black kids; 22% less likely for Hispanic kids and 6% less likely among other ethnic groups.

And compared to white children, black children in majority black neighborhoods with high unemployment, low education and low median income were nearly half as likely to receive bystander CPR (nearly 60% versus 32%, respectively), the investigators found.

The study was published online July 10 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

The findings suggest there’s a crucial need for CPR training programs in poor, non-white, lower-education neighborhoods, said study lead researcher Dr. Maryam Naim. She is a pediatric cardiac intensive care physician at the hospital.

“As most bystander CPR is provided by family members, lower response rates are likely due to a lack of CPR training and recognition of cardiac arrests,” she said in a journal news release.

Teaching CPR to parents before a newborn is released from the hospital, or during pediatrician visits, would be good opportunities for such training, Naim suggested.

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE:Journal of the American Heart Association, news release, July 10, 2019

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Early Risers May Be a Little Less Likely to Get Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, June 27, 2019 — If you’re a woman who greets the early morning with a smile, new research delivers good news — you have a slightly reduced risk of developing breast cancer.

For night owls and people who tend to sleep more than the usual seven to eight hours nightly, the analysis suggested a slightly increased risk of breast cancer.

“Sleep does impact health,” said study co-author Caroline Relton, a professor at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom.

“The study found evidence for a protective effect of morning preference on breast cancer risk,” she said.

What the study team couldn’t tease out from the data was exactly why your sleep type — early bird or night owl — could affect your risk of breast cancer.

Eva Schernhammer, author of an editorial accompanying the study, said “one possible mechanism could relate to the misalignment between internal and external clocks.” She is chair of epidemiology at the Medical University of Vienna in Austria.

The disruption of a normal circadian rhythm can impact how the body functions. An example is the normal variation of melatonin levels, Schernhammer said in her editorial. Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone.

Dr. Daniel Barone, a sleep specialist at NewYork-Presbyterian and Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City, said that melatonin is a powerful antioxidant.

“If you’re reducing melatonin, that could potentially lead to an inflammatory response in the body,” he said. (Inflammation has been linked to cancer and other health conditions.)

Both Barone and Schernhammer pointed out that night-shift work has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. Diet may be one reason why. He said it’s harder to find nutritious food options at night, and night-shift workers may get food from places like vending machines. Diet can impact heart disease and breast cancer risk.

The new analysis looked at two large groups of data, which included about 400,000 women altogether.

Previous studies had asked women about their sleep type — whether they preferred morning or evening, how long they slept, and whether or not they had insomnia.

But these researchers controlled the data to account for other factors that can affect breast cancer risk, including obesity, family history of breast cancer, alcohol use and smoking.

Women who said they were “morning people” were slightly less likely to develop breast cancer. The researchers said that early birds had about one less case of breast cancer per 100 women than did night owls.

So, should night owls be worried?

Maybe not just yet, said breast cancer surgeon Dr. Alice Police.

“This study suggests that there may be a lower incidence of breast cancer in ‘morning people,'” she said, but noted that the data in the study is “vague.”

“Until we understand other correlations, such as obesity rates and exercise rates in morning people versus night owls, I do not think definitive conclusions can be drawn,” Police added. She’s the Westchester regional director of breast surgery at Northwell Health Cancer Institute in Sleepy Hollow, N.Y.

Relton agreed that more research is needed, particularly to figure out the underlying reason why morning people seem to have a reduced risk of breast cancer.

In the meantime, she said it’s possible that changing your sleep times to become more of a morning person might change your risk, though more research is necessary before doctors could make a specific recommendation.

If you’d like to try to get some shuteye earlier in the night, sleep expert Barone said the best change you could make is to limit “blue light” at night.

“Any screen you can look at without an additional light on is blue light, and blue light tells our brains that the sun is out and we should shut off melatonin production. Shut off blue light a good hour or so before bed to help keep the body more in tune with what it’s designed to do,” he said.

If you have trouble sleeping, taking a melatonin supplement a half-hour or so before bed can help, Barone noted.

If you’re wondering what else you might do to reduce the risk of breast cancer, editorial author Schernhammer said, “A woman should be more concerned about other, more established, breast cancer risk factors.”

Relton agreed, explaining that risk factors such as alcohol intake and obesity increase the risk of breast cancer much more than your sleeping pattern might.

More information

Learn about preventing breast cancer from the American Cancer Society.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: June 2019

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Which Dogs Are More Likely to Bite Your Kids?

THURSDAY, June 6, 2019 — No parent wants their child to suffer a dog bite, and new research offers some guidance on which dogs are the riskiest around young kids.

The body size and head shape of dogs affect the bite and injury risk they pose, the researchers found.

For the study, the investigators examined 15 years of visits for facial dog bites at two emergency departments, and more than 45 years of data from different dog bite studies.

“Because we often didn’t know what type of dog was involved in these incidents, we looked at things like weight and head shape,” explained study author Dr. Garth Essig, an otolaryngologist at Ohio State’s Wexner Medical Center, in Columbus.

“We wanted to provide families with data to help them determine the risk to their children and inform them on which types of dogs do well in households with kids,” Essig explained in a medical center news release.

Certain dog breeds are known to be more likely to bite and to cause more serious injuries, but the breed was unknown in about 60% of dog bite cases analyzed by the researchers.

Bite injuries from pit bulls were the most frequent and most severe, followed by mixed-breed dogs and German shepherds, the findings showed.

The researchers also identified the physical traits of dogs that pose a higher bite and injury risk.

For example, dogs weighing more than 66 pounds and those with more of a square-shaped head — such as a chow chow or pug — were more likely to bite and cause serious injury.

Each year in the United States, nearly 5 million people suffer dog bites, and children have a much higher risk than adults.

Children should be taught how to safely interact with dogs, the study authors said.

Meghan Herron is an associate professor of clinical services at Ohio State’s College of Veterinary Medicine. She explained that “people often think that leaning forward and reaching out their hand for the dog to smell is the right thing to do, but in reality that can actually be threatening to the dog.”

Herron suggested that, “instead, ask the dog owner for permission to pet their dog, then turn to the side, crouch down on your knees, pat your leg and let the dog come to you.”

The study findings were published recently in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology.

More information

The American Veterinary Medical Association has more on preventing dog bites.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: June 2019

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Who’s Most Likely to Miss School Due to Eczema?

FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 — Hispanic and black children are more likely to miss school than white children due to the chronic skin condition eczema, a new study finds.

Researchers analyzed more than a decade of data on more than 8,000 2- to 17-year-olds enrolled in a national eczema registry. Overall, 3.3% missed six or more days of school over a six-month period.

That meets the U.S. Department of Education’s definition of chronic school absenteeism.

Compared to white children, Hispanic children were 3.4 times more likely to be chronically absent due to eczema, and black children 1.5 times more likely, according to the study published online May 22 in the journal JAMA Dermatology.

“The effects of eczema are more than skin-deep, and studies have shown that the mental health and social impact of this condition can be significant — sometimes just as much or more than the physical,” said lead author Dr. Joy Wan. She’s a postdoctoral fellow and instructor in dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a common inflammatory disease that causes red and itchy skin. It affects about 30 million Americans, including up to 20% of children, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The condition is more common among black and Hispanic children than among white children.

Along with the physical symptoms, eczema can have mental health impacts as well, including increased risk of anxiety and depression.

“Most people don’t realize the serious impact eczema can have on a person’s life, and our research shows minorities may be disproportionately affected,” study senior author Dr. Junko Takeshita said in a university news release. She is an assistant professor of dermatology and epidemiology.

“We still have a lot to learn about eczema-related disparities but it’s becoming increasingly clear that these disparities need to be addressed,” Takeshita said.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more on eczema.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: May 2019

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Kids Who Specialize in One Sport Too Early Are Likely to Get Hurt: Study

FRIDAY, March 29, 2019 — For young athletes, focusing on only one sport at an early age ups their odds for injury, a new study warns.

Sixty million kids play organized sports. By age 14, a growing number of them specialize in one sport with the goal of a college scholarship or professional career.

Researchers analyzed surveys completed by 202 athletes at one institution.

The surveys showed that players who had specialized early on were more likely to have a history of injury than those involved in multiple sports, (almost 87 percent vs. 74 percent); and were more likely to have had multiple injuries (64.6 percent vs. 49.4 percent). They also had to sit out more time due to injury (average of just over 15 weeks vs. seven weeks).

The payoff was mixed: Young specialists were more likely to get a college scholarship (almost 93 percent vs. 83 percent), but full-scholarship athletes were more likely to report multiple surgical injuries (11.7 percent vs. 3.5 percent).

The study also found that athletes who trained more than 28 hours per week in their varsity sport before high school were more likely to report multiple injuries (90 percent vs. 56.7 percent). But they were no more likely to be recruited or receive a scholarship.

“Sports participation is an excellent way for kids to maintain their health and possibly even receive a college scholarship,” said study author Dr. Brian Cash in a news release from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

“However, our research further highlights that avoiding sports specialization before the age of 14 and minimizing training time to less than 28 hours per week may significantly minimize a child’s injury chances and promote long-term, athletic college, or even elite, success,” he added.

Cash is a resident in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles.

The findings were presented at a recent meeting of the AOSSM and the Arthroscopy Association of North America in Las Vegas. Research presented at meetings is typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics offers more on sports injuries.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: March 2019

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Whole Foods Likely to Start Selling Marijuana Products

You know that marijuana has gone mainstream when big box retailers like Whole Foods are jumping aboard the gravy train.  It was discussed on Thrillist that the reality of the situation is that Whole Foods is “very likely” to start selling marijuana products in the near future as legalization continues to steam roll through the USA on a State by State level.

In New York City, there’s already been some banter from bodega owners who are trying to legally sell weed with the legalization in New York right around the corner.  They may have some stiff competition if weed buyers across the nation are able to bag their groceries along with a bag of weed!

Whole Foods to Sell Marijuana?

produceThe CEO of Whole Foods, John Mackey, mentioned during a panel discussion courtesy of the Texas Tribune that there is a “good” chance they will end up stocking marijuana at the popular grocery store owned by Amazon.com.  This was preceded by a question about whether they would sell “alternative proteins” such as bugs.  Mackey has been vocal about legalizing marijuana in the past.

“If cannabis is ever passed in Texas, chances are good that grocery stores will be selling that too,” he said during the conversation. “You just never know what happens over time with markets. They change and evolve.”

The author of the story, Cailin Hitt, also points out that Whole Food is a high end grocer with steep price points, and she alludes to the fact that marijuana may be cheaper elsewhere.  I totally agree with that, even being a loyal Whole Foods customer myself.  However, there is a price for convenience, and if you are already there, well hey, may as well get a bag of weed to go along with that garlicky kale salad or fresh chicken soup.  The idea of being able to pick up weed there, and smoke it remotely close to the location, if not there, makes sense.  People will get high, get the munchies, and spend more.  While the CEO didn’t go there, I have to think that’s where his head is at here.

Also in the article was a mention that Whole Foods hired a “seasoned trend-spotter.”  This is something interesting and something more companies should have. This person made a list of the hottest products to launch in 2019, and as you probably guessed, hemp products were in the top 10 most in-demand.

It’s no secret that the cannabis business is booming.  We’ve seen some of our most trafficked pages on The420Times be our product review pages that stem from hemp products.  The best eye cream we can endorse is made from hemp oil.  Even pain relievers like Advil have taken a back seat to pain relief rubs with CBD and hemp.

We’re in an exciting time, and I’m glad it appears that Whole Foods is embracing marijuana with open arms.  With the medical benefits of hemp and CBD, it’s no doubt that this will be fully mainstream in the very near future, and we’ll be hear to let you know who is on board, every step of the way.

Whole Foods Likely to Start Selling Marijuana Products

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Shane Dwyer
Author: Shane Dwyer
Shane Dwyer is a cannabis advocate who isn’t afraid to tell the world about it! You can find his views, rants, and tips published regularly at The 420 Times.

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