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Juul Delivers More Nicotine Than Other E-Cigarettes: Study

By Robert Preidt
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Nov. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Juul electronic cigarettes deliver nicotine at a much higher rate than most other types of e-cigarettes, new research shows.

Juul is by far the leading e-cigarette brand sold in the United States, and is particularly popular among youth.

In the new study, researchers from Penn State University College of Medicine analyzed blood samples from six Juul users who were asked to puff on their device every 20 seconds for 10 minutes — a total of 30 puffs.

“The Juul users we studied obtained blood nicotine concentrations almost three times as high as most of the e-cigarette users we previously studied,” said study first author Jessica Yingst, a research project manager.

In fact, “Juul’s nicotine delivery is very similar to that of cigarettes,” she said in a university news release.

The Juul users were also asked to rate their withdrawal symptoms and other effects like nicotine craving and anxiety both before and after vaping. They had higher levels of nicotine dependence than more than 3,000 long-term users of other e-cigarettes, according to the study.

Juul Labs did not respond to a request for comment from HealthDay.

Prior studies of other e-cigarette brands with high liquid nicotine concentrations found that many delivered very little nicotine to the user, the researchers noted.

“In previous studies, we found that e-cigarette users were less addicted than smokers. However, the high nicotine delivery of the product and the scores on this study suggest that Juul is probably as addictive as cigarettes,” said study co-author Jonathan Foulds, a professor of public health sciences.

The researchers said the high addiction potential of Juul e-cigarettes is a good reason for nonsmokers to avoid them, but they may still offer smokers a less harmful form of nicotine consumption.

“In previous work, we determined that Juul delivered lower levels of some harmful chemicals than cigarettes and even some other e-cigarettes,” said study co-author John Richie, a professor of public health sciences.

E-cigarettes pose a dilemma for public health experts, according to Foulds.

Continued

“This type of product is likely addictive and is attractive to teenagers,” he said. “But those same qualities that make it addictive may enable it to help adult smokers switch to a much less harmful form of nicotine consumption.”

In recent weeks, Juul has announced that it would no longer sell mint, fruit or dessert flavors of its products.

The company made these moves as it faces widespread criticism that its flavored nicotine products are hooking a generation of teenagers on nicotine and vaping.

The company also faces multiple investigations by U.S. Congress, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and several state attorneys general. Juul is also being sued by adults and underage vapers who allege they became addicted to nicotine by using Juul’s products.

The study was published Nov. 15 in the journal JAMA Open Network.

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE: Penn State University, news release, Nov. 15, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Why Are Cardiac Arrests More Deadly on Weekends?

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 13, 2019 — Your odds of surviving a cardiac arrest long enough to be admitted to the hospital are lower on the weekend than on a weekday, researchers say.

For the study, the investigators analyzed data from nearly 3,000 patients worldwide who suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and were treated with a publicly accessible automated external defibrillator (AED).

Overall, 27% of the patients survived to hospital admission, a rate that matches previous studies.

But those whose cardiac arrest occurred between 12 a.m. Saturday and 11:59 p.m. Sunday were about 20% less likely to survive to hospital admission than those who were stricken between Monday and Friday.

The odds were also lower for older patients and those whose cardiac arrest occurred at home, the findings showed.

“It is often said that sudden cardiac arrest can happen to anyone, anytime, anywhere. These results suggest that there is an opportunity to address sudden cardiac arrests that occur during the weekend by improving AED awareness, availability and training, and quick response by rescuers,” lead author Hannah Torney said in an American Heart Association (AHA) news release. Torney is a doctoral student at Ulster University in Northern Ireland.

Weekend survival odds may be lower because people could be less likely to be near a publicly accessible AED, and others may not witness the event, the study authors suggested.

The researchers said their findings could help guide placement of AEDs to improve accessibility.

The preliminary research is to be presented at the American Heart Association annual meeting, in Philadelphia, Nov. 16 to 18. Research presented at meetings should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The American Heart Association has more on cardiac arrest.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

More Than 2 Million Pounds of Chicken Recalled

Nov. 8, 2019 — Simmons Prepared Foods Inc. is recalling more than 2 million pounds of poultry products that may be contaminated with metal, the FDA says.

The recalled items, which include the brand™s ready-to-cook chicken wings, tenderloins, legs, breast meat, and whole birds were produced from Oct. 21, 2019, through Nov. 4, 2019, and shipped to stores in Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Minnesota, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania. See the full list of affected products here.

Health officials are worried some of the chicken may be frozen in customers™ freezers. Anyone who bought packages marked with the establishment numbers P-1949, P-486, or P-5837 should throw the products away or return them immediately.

There are no confirmed reports of anyone getting sick, but anyone who is worried about a possible illness should call a doctor. People with questions about the recall can contact Donald Miller, senior vice president of sales at Simmons Prepared Foods Inc., at 888-831-7007.

Sources

FDA: œSimmons Prepared Foods, Inc. Recalls Poultry Products due to Possible Foreign Matter Contamination.”

© 2019 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Health

More Reasons Why You Must Manage Your Stress

MONDAY, Nov. 4, 2019 — If you’ve ever experienced an immobilizing sense of panic when faced with a difficult or threatening situation, you’re not alone. It turns out that the well-documented fight-or-flight instinct for self-preservation isn’t a guaranteed reaction.

Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has found that stress can actually lower your ability to effectively assess new threats because it can distract you, leading you to pay less attention to what’s going on around you and impair your ability to react in your own best interests.

Furthermore, a study in the Journal of Neuroscience found that stress can keep you from making positive changes in your life by holding you back, as though your feet were stuck in mud. It can color your thinking, making situations seem worse than they really are. So, for instance, just when you should be taking steps to get out of a difficult situation, you end up doing nothing.

If stress has you paralyzed, it’s important to take steps to “un-freeze” your thinking. While relaxation techniques, like deep breathing, can help you refocus in moments of high stress, everyday actions can work together to lower daily low-grade stress levels. Specifically, find ways to exercise more — physical activity redirects your energy. To keep blood sugar on an even keel, limit your intake of sugary foods. If caffeine gives you the jitters, cut back on the amount you drink. And watch alcohol consumption since booze can also increase anxiety levels.

More information

The American Psychological Association has more on these and other tips to manage stress.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

CBD as a Sex Lube [Enjoy the Sexual Experience More]

There seems to be an everlasting amount of potential uses for CBD oil these days; using it as a daily supplement is just one of the options. People are constantly coming up with new and interesting ways to use this seemingly miracle product, but one method that is still relatively unheard of is to use it during sex.

The idea of using CBD oil for sex might seem pretty alien, but you’ve probably seen all kinds of advice to do so on sites like Marijuana Break.

So, how do you actually use CBD oil as a lube during sex? Does it actually improve the sex experience?

Why Would You Use CBD Oil as Sex Lube?

The very concept of using CBD oil during sex is a pretty weird one – what on earth would be the reason to use a product designed to be a food supplement? Well, it turns out that many of the reasons why people enjoy CBD oil in their day-to-day lives are also great reasons to use it during sex.

For starters, one of the main things that CBD oil does when it enters your body is to reduce the effects of inflammation and general pain, thanks to its interaction with the endocannabinoid system.

This very same effect can be a great help during sex, as one of the biggest things that couples complain about during sex is pain, especially for women. By including CBD oil as a lubricant during sex, you can not only increase lubrication, but you can also suppress pain to an extent.

Though the rate of lubricant use among most people is still pretty low, more and more people are gradually realizing the significant benefits of using lube regularly during sex. A study by Herbenick et al. for the Journal of Sexual Medicine found that the use of lubricants vastly improved sexual satisfaction among users.

So, you not only get to enjoy sex using a convenient lubricant, but it is also filled with beneficial cannabinoids to make sex feel better, as well as help relax you and leave you in a better mood.

How Do You Use CBD Oil as Lube?

Deciding to use CBD oil as lube is one thing, but how do you actually go about using it?

The primary hurdle that you need to overcome is the viscosity of most CBD oils. As many CBD oils are designed to be completely free from all additives, they tend to be as thick as regular coconut oil.

While this is great for taking it orally, it can be a problem if you are trying to make it last during sex, as it can tend to dry up after a little while.

The best thing to do is to try and buy CBD oil that is specifically designed as a sex lube, as this will make it much easier to use.

Assuming you have CBD oil with the right viscosity, simply apply it on either yourself or your partner. You can put it on your partner’s penis to make insertion and sex a lot more enjoyable, or you can apply it to the clitoris and rub it in, allowing the CBD oil to work into your system.

However, there are a few things to keep in mind.

Things to Watch Out for

The main thing to keep in mind is that you should not use latex condoms if you are using CBD oil as a lubricant.

This is because CBD oil is, as the name implies, an oil, which means it will not work well with latex. Using an entirely oil-based lubricant with a latex condom increases the risk of breakages and accidents, so either switch to a different type of condom (like polyurethane), or only use a water-based lubricant during sex.

Additionally, don’t expect the effects of CBD oil to kick in straight away. It takes a little bit for the CBD to work its magic, so it is best used for longer, slower sessions. This gives the CBD oil time to work and relax both of you, making for an even better, more sensual sexual experience.

As long as you remember to stay safe and don’t risk your condom, using CBD oil as a sex lube might just be the perfect thing you need to help improve you and your partner’s sexual experience.

Shane Dwyer
Author: Shane Dwyer
Shane Dwyer is a cannabis advocate who isn’t afraid to tell the world about it! You can find his views, rants, and tips published regularly at The 420 Times.

Marijuana & Cannabis News – The 420 Times

Playing More Than One Sport Helps Teen Athletes Avoid Injuries: Study

SATURDAY, Nov. 2, 2019 — Teen girls who play several sports have a lower injury risk than those who focus on just one, a new study finds.

It included more than 1,100 girls who play basketball, soccer and volleyball. Most were middle and high school students; some were in college.

Girls who specialize too early in sports such as basketball, soccer and volleyball could find that a single-minded focus “may hinder motor development and lead to compromised hip and knee coordination during dynamic landing and jumping activities, which can lead to increased chance of potentially life-altering injuries,” said lead author Christopher DiCesare. He’s a biomechanist in the Division of Sports Medicine at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio.

The study also found that girls who focused on a single sport had a higher rate of hip and knee injuries and an increased risk of knee pain.

Researchers said playing multiple sports may improve girls’ coordination, and that those who specialize may not fully develop neuromuscular coordination patterns that can reduce the risk of injury.

Due to uneven growth in bone mineral and muscular and connective tissue strength before and during puberty, young athletes may be less able than older ones to handle the physical stresses associated with focusing on one sport, the study published Oct. 23 in the Journal of Athletic Training concluded.

“By understanding the influence that sport specialization has on coordination and the potential for injuries, there is the potential to make better decisions of when it may be appropriate to safely specialize in a sport,” DiCesare said in a journal news release.

More than 30 million young people participate in individual or team sports, and an increasing emphasis on the success has pushed many to specialize.

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics has more on sports.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Could More Coffee Bring a Healthier Microbiome?

By Elizabeth Heubeck        
       HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, Oct. 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Debating whether or not you should have that second cup of coffee?

New research that links caffeine consumption to a healthy gut microbiome — the trillions of microorganisms that live in your digestive tract and affect your overall health– may prompt you to pour generously.

In recent years, numerous studies have demonstrated associations between coffee consumption and lowered health risks of all sorts — from type 2 diabetes to certain cancers to Parkinson’s disease.

Simultaneously, accumulating evidence suggests that the makeup of your gut microbiome can affect your health, either by promoting or reducing the risk of diseases.

Connecting the dots between these two health premises, a new study found the microbiomes of regular coffee drinkers were considerably healthier than those who consumed little to no coffee.

“We still need to learn more about how the bacteria and the host [our bodies] interact to impact our health,” said lead study author Dr. Li Jiao, an associate professor of medicine-gastroenterology at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.

But her advice for now? “If you love coffee, enjoy it. Follow your gut.”

The new findings were to be presented Monday at the American College of Gastroenterology annual meeting, in San Antonio, Texas.

In the study, scientists for the first time ever took gut microbiome samples directly from various parts of the colon during colonoscopies. (Other studies have examined just stool samples).

Overall, the 34 participants who drank two or more cups of coffee daily throughout the previous year exhibited better gut microbiome profiles than those who consumed less or no coffee, Jiao’s team reported.

Heavy coffee drinkers’ bacterial species were more abundant and more evenly distributed throughout the large intestine, richer in anti-inflammatory properties, and considerably less likely to include Erysipelatoclostridium, a type of bacteria linked to metabolic abnormalities and obesity.

Jiao said it remains uncertain why coffee exerts such a positive influence on the gut microbiome. But she suggested that caffeine or other nutrients in coffee may impact the metabolism of bacteria and, in turn, how the bacterial metabolites — the end products of that metabolism — affect your body.

Continued

While scientists may not completely understand the mechanisms behind coffee’s impact on the microbiome, they are becoming increasingly convinced of the importance of gut contents to overall health.

“The gut microbiome seems to be the missing link between diet and the incidence of chronic diseases,” said Dr. Hana Kahleova, director of Clinical Research at the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. She was not involved with the study.

For instance, explained Kahleova, individuals who eat a typical Western diet high in fat and processed foods tend to house in their gut more endotoxins, toxic components of “bad” bacteria associated with obesity, insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease. Conversely, she suggested that coffee’s polyphenols and other antioxidants, compounds naturally found in plant foods, are likely what’s providing a healthier microbiome.

But you don’t have to rely on coffee for your gut to absorb these health benefits. “All plants in their natural state are rich in fiber, polyphenols and antioxidants that help us fight cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease,” Kahleova said.

That’s good news for people who don’t drink coffee, and don’t plan to start. Benefits notwithstanding, coffee isn’t for everyone. It can aggravate a sensitive stomach, worsen insomnia or pose a danger to individuals with certain heart conditions.

But for the countless number of people who love coffee and can’t imagine cutting it out of their diet, this study may come as a relief. It turns out that drinking one or two cups of coffee a day probably won’t induce any harm, and may even provide some protective health benefits.

Because this research was presented at a medical meeting, it should be considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCES: Li Jiao, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor, medicine-gastroenterology, Baylor College of Medicine, and researcher, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston; Hana Kahleova, M.D., Ph.D., director, clinical research, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine; Oct. 28, 2019, presentation, American College of Gastroenterology annual meeting, San Antonio, Texas

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Lawn Mowers May Be Even More Dangerous for Rural Kids

FRIDAY, Oct. 25, 2019 — Lawn mowers are always a hazard around children, but a new study suggests that kids in rural areas are at the highest risk.

Each year, more than 9,000 children in the United States are treated in emergency departments for lawn mower-related injuries.

“Despite efforts within the health community to highlight how easily children can be injured by lawn mowers, we still see thousands of children in emergency departments each year for lawn mower-related injuries,” said researcher Ronit Shah, a medical student at the University of Toledo in Ohio.

In this study, researchers analyzed data on patients under the age of 18 with lawn mower-related injuries who were seen at 49 U.S. hospitals from 2005 to 2017.

Rural areas had much higher rates of such injuries, younger patients, and higher rates of amputations, surgical complications and infections.

Injury rates were 7.3 injuries per 100,000 cases in rural areas, compared with 1.5 injuries per 100,000 cases in urban areas.

By region, the highest injury rate was in the South (2.7 injuries per 100,000 cases), followed by the Midwest (2.2 injuries per 100,000 cases) and the Northeast (1.3 injuries per 100,000 cases). The Western United States had the lowest rate at 0.6 injuries per 100,000 cases.

Lawn mower-related injuries in rural areas required longer hospital stays, had higher rates of surgical complications (5.5% vs 2.6%), and occurred in younger patients.

Amputation rates were 15.5% in rural areas and 9.6% in urban areas, with rural patients being 1.7 times more likely to have an amputation.

In rural areas, children younger than 10 had a higher rate of more severe injuries, longer hospital stays, and greater health care costs than children older than 10.

The findings will be presented by researchers on Sunday at the American Academy of Pediatrics annual meeting, in New Orleans. Such research is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

“Our research shows young children in rural areas are more likely to be severely hurt,” Shah said in an academy news release.

More public education about children and lawn mower safety is needed and “should be specifically targeted for rural communities, especially in the Southern and Midwestern United States,” he added.

More information

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has more on lawn mower safety.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: October 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Colorado, Get Ready For More Consolidated Cannabis

Brian Garret almost tripped as he approached his favorite dispensary, Sticky Buds, on September 3 — and it wasn’t because of Denver’s lousy sidewalks. Garret’s pot shop of choice on Colfax Avenue had a banner hanging out front, announcing new ownership.

“I called the other location [on South Broadway], and they said Solace Meds took over that one, too,” he said at the time. “Everything inside was pretty much the same, but things will probably change with time.”

Garret, who just wanted to get home for an after-work dab on a hot summer day, probably didn’t realize how metaphorical his statement was. Natural market evolution and new state laws allowing out-of-state investors, publicly held companies and more large venture funds to own pot companies have set up Colorado’s cannabis field for some big changes late this year.

Proponents of the legislation leading to the new laws said that as more states legalize recreational pot, Colorado had to change its rules so it could offer similar investment opportunities. Smaller business owners were split on the measure. While some mom-and-pops had been waiting for the day when they could sell their brands and business licenses to deep pockets, others viewed the move as a step toward corporate cannabis and consolidation.

Marijuana Deals Near You

As publicly traded companies wait for the new laws to take hold November 1, privately held companies are already on the move. Solace Meds finished the Sticky Buds purchase in September. Over the past few years, two of the state’s largest dispensary chains, LivWell and the Green Solution, have each taken over a handful of independent dispensaries throughout Colorado. Lova, a new, privately held cannabis brand, has purchased five metro-area dispensaries this year: both MMJ America dispensaries in Denver (but not the Boulder location), Groundswell Cannabis Boutique, Northern Lights Cannabis Co.’s store in Edgewater and Boulder’s Trill Alternatives.

But those deals could seem like a trickle compared to the flood of acquisitions that will start in November, when the new investment regulations take hold. One company alone, Medicine Man Technologies, has announced enough deals to get the entire state high.

Over the past ten months, the Denver-based public cannabis company has agreed to purchase more than thirty dispensaries throughout Colorado. Recently reported deals, none of which can officially take place until November, include agreements to buy all three metro-area Colorado Harvest Company dispensaries, five Starbuds locations statewide and mountain dispensary chain Roots RX’s six dispensaries. Medicine Man Technologies also has plans in place to buy over ten more stores through the acquisition of southern Colorado chains Mesa Organics and Strawberry Fields, as well as Medicine Man, a metro-area chain of dispensaries co-owned by Medicine Man Technologies CEO Andy Williams. So far, the company hasn’t announced whether the acquired stores will transition into the Medicine Man brand, though the Starbuds change seems likely, as Starbuds still has several stores not included in the purchase as of yet.

Medicine Man Technologies has also announced deals to acquire Colorado cannabis extractors Dabble Extracts and Purplebee’s Extracts, as well as cultivation Los Sueños Farms, one of the largest outdoor cannabis-growing operations in the country. Other purchase agreements include research and medical marijuana firm MedPharm Holdings and Colombian medical marijuana licensee Green Equity. To top it off, the company also agreed to buy Medically Correct, the parent company of Incredibles Edibles, Incredibles Extracts and several other infused-product companies created by founder Bob Eschino.

The deals are enough to make your eyes scroll like a cartoon slot machine. Come November 1, all of those brands will be owned by one company — though it’s important to note that the majority of their founders and CEOs plan to stay on with Medicine Man Technologies.

Despite the company’s publicly ravenous appetite, other instrumental players in Colorado’s cannabis space have remained largely quiet. In September, Jeff Mascio, CEO of the Joint dispensary’s parent company, Cannabis One, said that his company had quite a few deals slated, but he couldn’t talk about them yet.

“Anything announced now can’t officially take place until the rule changes,” he noted, “but those who are taking the risk of being early will probably be rewarded.”

Medicine Man Technologies is certainly willing to take the risk. After all, since Governor Jared Polis has already signed the legislation into law, it’s unlikely that anything will prevent the rules from taking effect on November 1. And since company officials helped write the language for House Bill 1090, the legislation allowing looser regulations over cannabis company ownership, they definitely know how to walk the tightrope.

According to the company’s public declarations, most of the businesses are being acquired in exchange for Medicine Man Technologies stock. Bigger players are likely to enter the field soon, as seen by the action in Canada’s legal pot trade or the hemp industry, both of which have looser investment regulations.

And they’ll be moving quickly, since lucrative opportunities are somewhat limited in certain parts of the state. Easily Colorado’s largest cannabis market, Denver isn’t currently permitting new dispensary licenses, while Colorado Springs, the second-largest city in the state, doesn’t allow recreational sales. With few attractive locations available for those who want to start from scratch in an urban area, purchasing an existing dispensary license is one of the only ways to gain a footing in the country’s most evolved pot marketplace. For those already in the market, it’s a way to maintain your competitive advantage.

Brace yourselves: The mergers and acquisitions are just beginning.


Toke of the Town

Vision Problems Strike More Than 2 Billion Globally

By Robert Preidt
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than 2 billion people worldwide suffer vision problems that range from impairment to blindness, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO).

And at least 1 billion of those people have problems such as short- and far-sightedness, glaucoma and cataracts — all of which could have been prevented or have not been treated.

Eye conditions and vision impairment are widespread, and far too often they still go untreated,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said in a news release from the organization.

“People who need eye care must be able to receive quality interventions without suffering financial hardship. Including eye care in national health plans and essential packages of care is an important part of every country’s journey towards universal health coverage,” he said.

Aging populations, changing lifestyles and limited access to eye care — particularly in low- and middle-income countries — are among the main reasons for increasing numbers of people with vision problems, according to the report released Tuesday in advance of World Sight Day on Oct. 10.

“It is unacceptable that 65 million people are blind or have impaired sight when their vision could have been corrected overnight with a cataract operation, or that over 800 million struggle in everyday activities because they lack access to a pair of glasses,” he added.

Eye conditions and vision impairment tend to be much more common among people in rural areas, those with low incomes, women, older people, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities and indigenous populations, according to the WHO’s first report on vision worldwide.

Untreated distance vision impairment in low- and middle-income regions is about four times higher than in high-income regions, and $ 14.3 billion (U.S. dollars) is needed to treat the 1 billion people with vision impairment or blindness due to cataracts, and short- and far-sightedness, the report said.

According to Alarcos Cieza, who leads WHO’s efforts on blindness and deafness prevention, disability and rehabilitation, “Millions of people have severe vision impairment and are not able to participate in society to their fullest because they can’t access rehabilitation services. In a world built on the ability to see, eye care services, including rehabilitation, must be provided closer to communities for people to achieve their maximum potential.”

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE: World Health Organization, news release, Oct. 8, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Health

Vision Problems Strike More Than 2 Billion Globally

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 — More than 2 billion people worldwide suffer vision problems that range from impairment to blindness, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO).

And at least 1 billion of those people have problems such as short- and far-sightedness, glaucoma and cataracts — all of which could have been prevented or have not been treated.

Eye conditions and vision impairment are widespread, and far too often they still go untreated,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said in a news release from the organization.

“People who need eye care must be able to receive quality interventions without suffering financial hardship. Including eye care in national health plans and essential packages of care is an important part of every country’s journey towards universal health coverage,” he said.

Aging populations, changing lifestyles and limited access to eye care — particularly in low- and middle-income countries — are among the main reasons for increasing numbers of people with vision problems, according to the report released Tuesday in advance of World Sight Day on Oct. 10.

“It is unacceptable that 65 million people are blind or have impaired sight when their vision could have been corrected overnight with a cataract operation, or that over 800 million struggle in everyday activities because they lack access to a pair of glasses,” he added.

Eye conditions and vision impairment tend to be much more common among people in rural areas, those with low incomes, women, older people, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities and indigenous populations, according to the WHO’s first report on vision worldwide.

Untreated distance vision impairment in low- and middle-income regions is about four times higher than in high-income regions, and $ 14.3 billion (U.S. dollars) is needed to treat the 1 billion people with vision impairment or blindness due to cataracts, and short- and far-sightedness, the report said.

According to Alarcos Cieza, who leads WHO’s efforts on blindness and deafness prevention, disability and rehabilitation, “Millions of people have severe vision impairment and are not able to participate in society to their fullest because they can’t access rehabilitation services. In a world built on the ability to see, eye care services, including rehabilitation, must be provided closer to communities for people to achieve their maximum potential.”

More information

The WHO has more on blindness and vision impairment.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: October 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Pregnancy Much More Likely for Teen Girls With ADHD

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 2, 2019 — Girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are six times more likely to wind up as teenage moms, a new Swedish study reports.

The impulsiveness and disorganization associated with ADHD appear to make girls with the disorder more likely to become pregnant, said lead researcher Charlotte Skoglund, a clinical neuroscientist with the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.

“Clearly, standard of care in girls and women with ADHD should include active efforts to prevent teenage pregnancies in order to reduce long-term adverse consequences for both women and their children,” Skoglund said.

The findings were published Oct. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

The new study supports prior research that came to similar conclusions, said Dr. Eugene Arnold, professor emeritus of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Ohio State University.

Arnold cited another recent study that found that both boys and girls with ADHD tend to have earlier sexual experiences than those without the disorder.

“It’s not only what you would expect, but it’s what’s already established pretty well,” Arnold said. “The symptoms of ADHD set a girl up for early pregnancy.”

The new study involved more than 384,000 Swedish women and girls between the ages of 12 and 50 who gave birth between 2007 and 2014. Of those women, about 6,400 had been diagnosed with ADHD.

Teenage births were 6.2 times more likely among women and girls with ADHD, researchers found.

Females with ADHD also were more likely to have risk factors that could harm their pregnancy, including smoking during the third trimester (6.8 times as likely), morbid obesity (two times as likely) and alcohol or drug abuse (20 times as likely).

People with ADHD have trouble keeping their lives organized, which means girls are more likely to forget to carry around condoms or take their birth control pill daily, Arnold explained.

They also are more likely to be impulsive and take risks in their daily lives, Arnold and Skoglund said.

However, it also appears as though doctors, counselors and parents aren’t taking ADHD into account when talking safe sex with teen girls, Skoglund and Arnold added.

“Women with ADHD may receive inadequate contraceptive counseling in regards to their underlying difficulties,” Skoglund said. “They somehow fail to access — or inadequately respond or act upon — such counseling.”

Contraception is widely available in Sweden, Skoglund said, but that doesn’t seem to make a difference for girls with ADHD.

“In contrast to those without a diagnosis, this group doesn’t seem to benefit from guidance on contraception and societal interventions targeting the risk for early and unplanned pregnancies that has been very successful in other groups of teens,” Skoglund said.

The problem is compounded by the fact that ADHD is under-recognized and underdiagnosed among females, she added.

Skoglund and Arnold said it is very important for parents of an ADHD-diagnosed teen girl to make sure their disorder is being adequately treated.

“In addition, they should make sure that their daughters have sufficient contraception, and intervene to prevent early debut and use of alcohol and illicit drugs,” Skoglund said.

Parents might want to consult with the girl’s gynecologist about forms of birth control that don’t require daily attention, such as a hormone implant or an IUD, Arnold said.

More information

Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) has more about ADHD among women and girls.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: October 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Make Learning Fun, and Kids Learn More

FRIDAY, Sept. 20, 2019 — Make it fun, and they will learn.

That’s the conclusion of a new Canadian study that analyzed a kindergarten teaching program that favors playful activities and socializing over sit-down lectures. In the end, the innovative program appeared to give kids a leg up on reading, writing and arithmetic.

At the same time, the approach appears to cut back on bullying, while helping to promote better social skills, the study authors said.

Called “Tools of the Mind,” the program was initially created in 1993 by two American researchers, Dr. Elena Bodrova and Dr. Deborah Leong.

Their goal: to make learning more fun, and more productive, for both teacher and student.

“Before children have the ability to sit for long periods absorbing information the way it is traditionally presented in school through lectures, they need to be allowed to be active and encouraged to learn by doing,” said study author Dr. Adele Diamond.

Diamond is a professor in the University of British Columbia’s department of psychiatry. Her team’s findings were published Sept. 17 in the journal PLOS One.

For the study, Diamond’s team tested out the curriculum in 351 kindergarteners in 18 public schools across Vancouver and Surrey, British Columbia.

“Social dramatic play” is at the heart of the program, which aims to promote learning while also improving a child’s self-control and ability to get along with others, as well as their ability to pay attention, remember things, reason, make plans and stay mentally flexible.

Such “executive functioning skills are necessary for learning, and are often more strongly associated with school readiness than intelligence quotient (IQ),” Diamond said in a university news release.

Prior research had indicated that the approach helps improve reading and math scores. But the latest study is the first to indicate that the curriculum also boosted writing skills.

In addition, kids fostered stronger social and emotional skills, such as feeling a greater inclination to help others and a greater sense of community.

And it turns out that teachers benefit, too, said Diamond, who is also a Canada research chair in developmental cognitive neuroscience. Because while the program helped kids find a greater joy in learning, it also helped teachers feel more excited and energized about teaching.

More information

Here’s more on the Tools of the Mind program.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: September 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Study: More U.S. Teen Girls Are Victims of Suicide

By Dennis Thompson
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Sept. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) — The gender gap in teen suicide is smaller than previously estimated, with more girls dying by suicide each year, a new study contends.

Suicide death rates among 10- to 19-year-old girls have been systematically underestimated, while rates among boys have been overestimated, according to the report published Sept. 13 in JAMA Network Open.

Experts have pegged the male-to-female gender gap in suicide among teens at 3-to-1, but it’s really closer to 2-to-1, researchers said.

“The reduced gender gap in suicide is a surprise,” said lead researcher Dr. Bin Yu, a doctoral student in epidemiology at the University of Florida. “It is really important that we not underestimate the risk of suicide among girls.”

The new model found that suicide deaths among U.S. teens have risen continuously during the past decade, and at a more rapid rate than reflected in earlier estimates, researchers said.

Conventional methods of estimating annual suicide death rates are flawed, Yu said, because they don’t take into account the generational risks associated with suicide.

For example, this study showed a decline in suicide risk for millennials born between 1980 and 1995, along with an increase in risk for those born after 1995.

To develop the best possible estimate, Yu and co-author Dr. Xinguang Chen from the UF College of Medicine created a model that combines three factors: a person’s age, the year of their birth, and the year in which they died by suicide.

This new way of estimating suicide rates pegged the death rate among boys at 4.9 per 100,000 in 1999 and 8.7 per 100,000 in 2017. Previous estimates placed boys’ rates at 7.4 in 1999 and 10.7 in 2017.

Using the new model, suicide rates among girls were 1.7 per 100,000 in 1999 and 4.2 in 2017, compared with earlier estimates of 1.6 in 1999 and 3.5 in 2017.

“The persistent suicide increase we see without a tendency to slow down underscores the need for increased effort at all levels for youth suicide prevention, with a further strengthening of suicide prevention interventions aimed at girls,” Yu said.

Continued

The new rate model supports other recent studies that have found an increase in suicide among teens, particularly among girls, said Dr. Igor Galynker, director of the Suicide Research and Prevention Laboratory at Mount Sinai in New York City.

“Not only is the suicide rate increasing in the United States, the increase in suicide rate is increasing,” he said.

The teenage suicide rate rose roughly 3% a year up to 2014, but since then, it has increased by an average 10% a year, said Galynker, who wasn’t part of the new study.

While this new study did not examine possible reasons for the increase, Yu noted that teens born after 1995 have been more heavily exposed to social media and have grown up during the ongoing U.S. opioid epidemic.

Galynker said teens’ screen use and the amount of time they spend with social media have both been linked to increased suicide risk.

“These risks are more pronounced for girls than they are for boys,” he said. “The data shows that girls’ use of social media is more likely to result in interpersonal stress. Compared to boys, girls use social media more frequently, they are more likely to be subjected to cyberbullying, and the cyberbullying is more likely to cause stress and emotional problems in girls than boys. Use of social media is also more likely to result in depression in girls.”

Future research should focus on the methods teens use in suicide attempts, Yu said. That knowledge could help prevent future suicides.

The Nemours Foundation lists these warning signs that a teen might be considering suicide:

  • Loose talk about suicide, death in general, or hints that they might not be around anymore.
  • Expressed feelings of hopelessness or guilt.
  • A sense that they are withdrawing from friends or family.
  • Giving away treasured possessions to siblings or friends.
  • No desire to take part in their favorite activities.
  • Changes in eating or sleeping habits.

A parent who thinks their teen is in immediate danger should call 911 or a suicide hotline number, such as the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (800-273-8255).

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCES: Bin Yu, M.D., M.P.H., doctoral student, epidemiology, University of Florida, Colleges of Medicine and Public Health and Health Professions, Gainesville; Igor Galynker, M.D., director, Suicide Research and Prevention Laboratory at Mount Sinai, New York City;JAMA Network Open, Sept. 13, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Pagination

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Jetpack Takes Off with More ‘Dennis & Gnasher Unleashed,’ ‘My Petsaurus’

Global kids content distributor Jetpack Distribution has acquired the international rights for new seasons of two of its most popular shows: Beano Studios’ Dennis & Gnasher Unleashed! and Bumpybox’s My Petsaurus. Brand-new episodes join the company’s catalog just in time for the fall markets.

“We’re so excited to have more series of these popular and much-loved shows,” commented CEO Dominic Gardiner. “We look forward to finding more homes for TV’s notorious duo Dennis and Gnasher and for Chloe and her pet dinosaur. Both shows have resonated strongly with young audiences and we’re delighted to be bringing them to MIP Junior in October.”

Beano Studios recently announced that CBBC have ordered a 52-episode second series of the hit animated TV show Dennis & Gnasher: Unleashed! It comprises 52 x 11’ episodes and stars Beano’s irrepressible hero Dennis (voiced by Freddie Fox) and his amazing group of fearless mates. The first series has been sold to 25 countries and airs on free-to-air public service broadcasters such as Super RTL in Germany, Rai in Italy and France Télévision.

My Petsaurus is a blended live-action and animation show produced by U.K. indie Bumpybox and commissioned by CBeebies. Season three comprises 20 two-minute episodes and will feature brand new adventures for Chloe and her troublesome pet dinosaur Topsy, as they encounter all the trials and tribulations that come with looking after your first pet. My Petsaurus has been sold to broadcasters across Northern Europe including: CBeebies (U.K.), NRK (Norway), NPO (Netherlands) and DR (Denmark).

Founded in 2014, Jetpack Distribution’s offerings also include global kid hits Talking Tom and Friends, Yoko and Kitty Is Not a Cat. Learn more at jetpackdistribution.tv.

My Petsaurus

My Petsaurus

Animation Magazine