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How to Keep Your Feet on a Sound, Pain-Free Footing

SATURDAY, Sept. 14, 2019 — Don’t let foot problems hobble your autumn activities, a foot surgeon says.

“Foot health contributes to your overall health. From beginners to advanced athletes, proper foot care is important to keep your body healthy,” said Dr. John Giurini, chief of podiatric surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, in Boston.

One of the most common foot problems among active people is plantar fasciitis, inflammation of the thick band of tissue in the arch of the foot.

“Under normal circumstances, your plantar fascia helps absorb the shock of pounding on pavement,” Giurini said in a medical center news release. “But repetitive stretching can lead to inflammation and irritation, and even small tears.”

Along with overuse, other risk factors for plantar fasciitis include being flat-footed or having a high arch, being overweight, or doing activities in worn-out or inappropriate footwear.

“When caught early, mild cases can be treated conservatively with rest, ice and stretching to give the inflammation time to heal,” Giurini said. “In some cases, physical therapy and orthotic devices can be helpful. In more severe or resistant cases, steroid injections and surgical procedures may be necessary to alleviate this pain.”

Blisters are another common foot problem and develop due to constant friction and moisture. Blisters can be painful and, if they break open, can become infected.

“This is where proper shoe fit is important — as are socks,” Giurini said. “Breaking in new shoes gradually can help prevent a blister. Wicking-type of socks that absorb sweat can also help.”

If you notice a blister starting to form, put a bandage or piece of tape over the area to prevent further irritation. If the blister gets bigger, more painful or redness develops around it, you should have it checked for infection.

Toenail injuries can occur if your shoes aren’t the right size.

“Some of my patients who run long road races joke that black toenails are just part of the game,” Giurini said. “But the black coloration is actually bruising and blood buildup, and can become really painful.”

Along with wearing shoes that aren’t too big or too small, keeping your toenails trimmed can prevent toenail injuries.

Other potential problems include foot sprains, strains and tendinitis. RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) is a good first-line of treatment for such problems, and also for stress fractures that occur from repetitive stress on the bone.

“Swelling, bruising and difficulty walking are all signs that you may have a stress fracture,” Giurini said.

If you use RICE for a stress fracture, but you still have pain, swelling or bruising, see a podiatrist, he advised.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has more on foot health.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: September 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Ask a Stoner: Indica and Sativa Edibles Sound Like Marketing

Dear Stoner: What’s the deal with indica and sativa edibles? If it’s only THC going into the final product, does it really matter what type of plant it came from? Sounds more like misleading marketing than science. *Bass guitar riff*
Jerry Stonefeld

Dear Jerry: Most dispensaries usually just tell you to eat the edible, yada, yada, yada, and get stoned. But we’ll try not to yada, yada over the science part.

Some users claim that eating mangoes — high in myrcene, a common terpene in cannabis — affects their highs, and that it’s similar to eating an edible with terpenes. However, studies on the effects of ingesting terpenes are scarce, and Australian research shows that smoking terpenes doesn’t affect your brain’s endocannabinoid receptors — although that research also indicates that the terpenes could change THC’s effects through other molecular processes in our bodies.

Do terpenes really matter if you're digesting them?

Do terpenes really matter if you’re digesting them?

Scott Lentz

We found virtually no study addressing how ingesting terpenes alters edible experiences, so it’d be hard for edible companies or dispensaries to make any solid claims, and the indica/sativa thing has been proven to be mostly bullshit, anyway. That won’t stop people from pushing a sativa gummy as a pre-hike snack, though, so it’s important that you remain a master of your domain. Don’t fall for a placebo affect, and look for supplemental ingredients like ginseng or chamomile in your indica and sativa edibles.

Send questions to marijuana@westword.com.


Toke of the Town

Warm Bath Can Send You Off to a Sound Slumber

By Alan Mozes
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Here’s a win-win for all those bath lovers who struggle with poor sleep: New research suggests a soak in the tub before bedtime may shorten the time it takes to fall asleep.

A well-timed warm bath, or even a warm shower, also appears to prolong how long someone stays asleep, investigators found. And indications are that overall sleep quality improves as well.

Why? In large part, it has to do with lowering a person’s body temperature.

Body temperature “starts to naturally decline as part of its natural [24-hour] cycle about one to two hours before the usual time of going to sleep,” explained study author Shahab Haghayegh.

And a warm bath or shower can give that process a shove in the right direction, he explained, by boosting blood circulation from the inner body to the outer body. The result is a “very efficient removal of heat from the body, which causes a decline in body temperature,” he said.

The trick is to both time and heat that bath to perfection.

“Yes, the temperature matters,” stressed Haghayegh, a doctoral candidate in sleep research and bio-med engineering at the University of Texas at Austin.

“It should be warm. Not too hot or cold,” he noted. “Actually, a too cold or too hot bath can have an effect opposite than that desired, causing an increase, rather than a decrease, in core body temperature, and disturbed sleep.”

Timing is also important. “The optimal timing of bathing for cooling down of core body temperature in order to improve sleep quality and help with falling asleep faster is approximately one to two hours prior to going to bed,” he said. Taking it outside that window can actually disrupt the natural body temperature cycle, he warned, and not in a good way.

But after analyzing the findings of 17 previous investigations, Haghayegh and his colleagues found that a properly heated bath or shower taken at the right time for as little as 10 minutes can have a positive impact on sleep.

Continued

The review was published in the August issue of Sleep Medicine Reviews.

The studies in the review included all sorts of participants, including young, healthy soccer players, middle-aged patients struggling with traumatic brain injury, and older patients diagnosed with sleep apnea. Some even focused on cancer patients and those coping with heart disease.

But regardless of the type of person at hand, the review indicated that those who took a timely warm bath or shower effectively set in motion a process known as “water-based passive body heating.”

And doing so reduced the time it took to fall asleep, also called “sleep onset latency.”

The total time patients were able to spend asleep also went up. And warm baths appeared to serve as a booster of “sleep efficiency,” meaning the amount of time a person spent in bed sleeping, relative to the amount of time spent in bed trying to sleep.

Sleep researcher Adam Krause, who was not involved in the study, said the sleep-promoting power of a warm bath or shower “has long been believed. And it’s nice to see the literature provide support for it.”

Krause is a doctoral candidate in psychology with the Center for Human Sleep Science at the University of California, Berkeley.

It may seem a bit counterintuitive, he acknowledged, given that it essentially involves exposing the skin to a certain amount of heat to trigger a drop in body temperature.

“[But] the net effect of this is a cooling of the core body and brain temperature, which is the necessary sleep-initiating cue the brain is waiting for,” Krause explained.

“I think this is such a nice, simple and subtle technique to help with sleep,” he added. “And it’s always one of my main recommendations for people having trouble initiating sleep.”

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCES: Shahab Haghayegh, Ph.D., candidate, sleep research and bio-med engineering, department of biomedical engineering, University of Texas at Austin; Adam Krause, Ph.D. candidate, psychology, Center for Human Sleep Science, department of psychology, University of California, Berkeley; August 2019,Sleep Medicine Reviews

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Pagination

WebMD Health

Keeping Your Summer Fun on Sound Footing

SUNDAY, May 12, 2019 — When you’re exercising this summer, don’t forget to take care of your feet.

“Foot health contributes to your overall health. From beginners to advanced athletes, proper foot care is important to keep your body healthy,” said Dr. John Giurini, chief of podiatric surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.

One of the most common foot problems for active people is a condition called plantar fasciitis. It’s an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue in the arch of the foot.

“Under normal circumstances, your plantar fascia helps absorb the shock of pounding on pavement,” Giurini said in a center news release. “But repetitive stretching can lead to inflammation and irritation, and even small tears.”

Overuse can cause plantar fasciitis, but it also occurs without an obvious cause. Being flat-footed, having a high arch, being overweight or doing work that keeps you on your feet all day put you at risk.

“Most cases can be treated conservatively with rest, ice and stretching to give the inflammation time to heal,” Giurini said. “In some cases, steroid injections and surgical procedures may be necessary to alleviate this pain.”

Blisters are another potential foot problem.

“This is where proper shoe fit is important, as are socks,” Giurini said. “Breaking in new shoes gradually can help prevent a blister. Wicking-type of socks that absorb sweat can also help.”

If a blister is starting to form, apply a bandage or piece of tape to the skin to prevent further irritation. If the blister gets bigger or more painful, or redness develops around it, you should have it checked for infection.

Toenail injuries can occur if your shoes are too small or big. Ensure your shoes fit properly and keep your toenails trimmed.

If you suffer a sprain or strain, remember RICE: rest, ice, compression, elevation.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has more on foot health.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: May 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Why Does Music Sound Better High?

Music is an important part of life for people in every culture. Most of us associate certain songs with specific events or periods in our lives – a song can remind us of the good times and the bad times, the first kiss, a bad breakup, and big life event… and who can resist the simple pleasures of singing at the top of your lungs in the car or in the shower? We all have music we listen to when we’re happy, and music we play over and over when we’re sad. If you enjoy smoking marijuana, you may find that your musical experience is enhanced under the influence of cannabis.

Why does music sound better high?

There are several possible reasons:

  1. Cannabis is a stress reliever. When your body and mind are relaxed, you’re more attuned to music – the mental chatter has slowed or stopped, and you are able to appreciate music on a deeper level. You are more focused on the melody, harmony, rhythm, and lyrics and it’s easy to get ‘lost’ in a song.
  1. Cannabis affects the area of the brain responsible for processing auditory input. A study found that when research subjects were exposed to burning marijuana leaves, they experienced better recall of lyrics. They were also better able to pick up differences in sounds coming from various instruments. Some even reported that they experienced synaesthesia, a phenomenon where the line between auditory and visual input is blurred (the phenomenon of ‘hearing’ colors and ‘seeing’ sounds).
  1. Cannabis also causes the brain to loosen its filters. Normally, your brain has to filter out a great deal of irrelevant stimuli and data that would cause total overwhelm as you go about your day. Even when you listen to music, you typically don’t notice the sounds of each instrument – but you do when you’re high. In other words, you become able to notice differences in pitch, or pick out individual melodies or rhythms within a song.
  1. Music is also typically part of the marijuana-smoking experience. Under the influence, many people start to feel an affinity for the composer or the performer (who was probably high while composing, performing, or recording the piece), and an ability to understand the more subtle messages and intentions in a piece. This is nothing new. People have been using mind-altering drugs in conjunction with rhythmic drumming for millennia!

In the end, music stirs the soul, and getting high helps you strip away the day’s worries that can make it difficult to really lose yourself in the music and let it do its soul-stirring magic on a profoundly deep level. Ultimately it doesn’t matter why the musical experience is better high, but it is. So put on some music, light up a bowl, and enjoy!

The420Times.com

Experts Sound Warning About ‘Baby Boxes’