How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

A compound naturally produced by the Cannabis Sativa plants is called CBD or Cannabidiol. This phytocannabinoid has taken the world by storm in recent years due to its multiple potential health benefits.

Since the mid 70’s, studies suggest that it could be used to treat a variety of ailments and conditions effectively, including inflammation, chronic pain, epilepsy, depression, and anxiety.

A common question asked by people looking to start taking CBD is: “How much should I take?” Unfortunately, there’s no straightforward answer. There’s not enough knowledge of CBD for official dosages to have been released, and a multitude of factors come into play when calculating it for yourself. This article will provide guidance on how much CBD you should take.

Cannabidiol and the Body

Before you decide how much CBD to take, it’s important to understand how it interacts with the human body – and what it will affect. It’s therefore vital to inform yourself about the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex biological system found in the human body with the primary purpose of maintaining physical and emotional homeostasis (balance) throughout the body. It does this by using naturally produced endocannabinoids to regulate various biological and cognitive processes, such as mood, appetite, and sleep – as such, it is often referred to as “the bridge between the body and the mind.”

The ECS is also responsive to plant-based cannabinoids, such as those found in cannabis – which is where CBD comes into play. It acts as an antagonist to the body’s cannabinoid receptors, which are found throughout the entire body. It makes it harder for them to be over- or under-stimulated, plus boosts the production of endocannabinoids, which all helps your body to achieve homeostasis quickly and efficiently.

Due to the fact that CBD interacts directly with the ECS, its effects are potentially broad – in fact, studies suggest that the ECS is involved in the majority of bodily functions and processes. CBD is therefore becoming increasingly popular as a treatment for a variety of conditions, as well as a general health supplement.

So, How Much Should I Take?

Currently, CBD is not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which means that there are no official recommended dosages. However, it’s possible to discuss dosing with your doctor or a medical professional, who may be able to give a recommendation. If not, you should base your decision on a few factors.

First is the condition or ailment you’re trying to treat and how serious it is. Someone with a mild skin irritation, for example, will probably need to use less CBD than someone with serious eczema. Equally, someone who is experiencing mild stress will more than likely have lower CBD requirements than someone who has frequent severe panic attacks.

Here’s a general guide to the recommended strength by ailment/condition:

  • General health: low strength
  • Nausea: low to medium strength
  • Chronic pain: medium to high strength
  • Anxiety: medium to high strength
  • Sleep disorders: medium to high strength
  • Cancer: high strength or pharmaceutical grade
  • Epilepsy: high strength or pharmaceutical grade
  • Migraines: low to high strength

Secondly, factors such as your body weight and general health comes into play – these can affect how quickly effects are felt and for how long, although research in this area is currently limited, so you’ll have to make your own judgment calls.

The general advice in the industry is “start low and go slow” – basically, start with a small dose for a while, see how your body reacts to it, and increase the dose by a small amount gradually until you reach the desired effects.

Here’s a general guide to help you decide where to start:

  • Low strength: 1 mg CBD per 10 lbs of body weight
  • Medium strength: 3 mg CBD per 10 lbs of body weight
  • High strength: 6 mg CBD per 10 lbs of body weight

Can I Take Too Much CBD?

Current medical research shows CBD to be safe to use, with very little to no risk of overdosing or developing a physical addiction. So, if you do accidentally take a little more than intended during your “start low and go slow” introduction, there’s no need to panic.

According to the same research, CBD does have some recorded side-effects, but they are minimal and usually mild. They include tiredness, diarrhea, nausea, and changes in appetite and/or weight.

A Word of Warning

Although currently deemed to be an extremely safe treatment option for multiple conditions, there are some medicines that should not be mixed with CBD, including some sedatives and anti-seizure medicines. This is because CBD inhibits cytochrome p450 enzymes that are found in the body and impedes the metabolizing process.

Interestingly, grapefruit juice does exactly the same thing – and it’s commonly listed as something to avoid on prescription medication packaging. So, if a medication should not be consumed with grapefruit juice, it should not be consumed with CBD either.

It’s important to note that these findings are not conclusive – further, more in-depth research is required before we know the full extent of how CBD works in our bodies and interacts with other medicines. We would always strongly advise that you seek professional guidance before beginning any kind of CBD treatment, especially if you’re already taking prescription medicines.

It’s Different for Everyone

A variety of factors go into deciding how much CBD to take, but one thing is clear: what works for your family or friends won’t necessarily work in the same way for you. One study specifically showed that different people respond to different dosages of CBD – and in different ways, too. Therefore, finding your optimum dosage is largely down to you. Most of the human studies that have been conducted use dosages anywhere between 20 mg and 1,500 mg per day.

As with any new health supplement or alternative treatment, it’s best to consult with a medical professional before you start – if they can’t give you a dosage recommendation, remember “start low and go slow,” and you won’t go far wrong!

Shane Dwyer
Author: Shane Dwyer
Shane Dwyer is a cannabis advocate who isn’t afraid to tell the world about it! You can find his views, rants, and tips published regularly at The 420 Times.

Marijuana & Cannabis News – The 420 Times

As Disease Outbreaks Tied to ‘Anti-Vaxxers’ Rise, States Take Action

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2019 — Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases are on the across rise in the United States, often fueled by “anti-vaxxer” parents reluctant to immunize their kids.

However, states are countering these trends with laws to boost childhood vaccination rates and safeguard children, a new study finds.

“Vaccines are our best public health tool for controlling many childhood diseases,” said lead author Neal Goldstein of Drexel University, in Philadelphia.

“Seeing an uptick in legislation aimed at cutting vaccine exemptions following disease outbreaks suggests that media coverage may raise public awareness and advocacy and response from legislators,” Goldstein said in a university news release.

“While it is unfortunate it took outbreaks of preventable disease to spawn legislative action, it further affirms the widespread support of this life-saving intervention,” he added. Goldstein is an assistant research professor of epidemiology and biostatistics in Drexel’s School of Public Health.

Recent outbreaks of illnesses such as measles or whooping cough in California (2015) and New York (2019) led lawmakers in those states to ban all non-medical vaccine exemptions.

To see if that trend was widespread, Goldstein’s team analyzed 2010 to 2016 state data on outbreaks of 12 childhood vaccine-preventable diseases, including hepatitis A and B, flu, measles and whooping cough.

The investigators also examined 2011 to 2017 data on state bills introduced the year after the start of an outbreak that would tighten or ease vaccination requirements for these diseases.

Each state reported an average of 25 vaccine-preventable diseases per 100,000 people per year, but there was significant year-to-year variation.

Of the 175 state vaccination-related bills proposed during 2011 to 2017, about 53% made it easier to get an exemption from vaccine requirements, while 47% made exemption more difficult.

While there were more anti-vaccine bills than pro-vaccine bills introduced overall, further analysis showed that increases in vaccine-preventable diseases were followed by increases in the number of proposed bills that restricted vaccine exemptions.

There was no association between decreases in vaccine-preventable diseases and proposed bills that made it easier to get vaccine exemptions, according to the study. The results were published Nov. 18 in JAMA Pediatrics.

Legislation to reduce vaccine exemptions is needed in the United States, the study authors said. Measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000, but there were 695 cases in 22 states in April 2019, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on vaccines.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2019 – Daily MedNews

Sheep take over streets of Madrid for annual migration

A man stands behind fences as a flock of sheep walks past during the annual sheep parade through Madrid, Spain, October 20, 2019. REUTERS/Sergio Perez

MADRID (Reuters) – Sheep replaced traffic on the streets of Madrid on Sunday as shepherds steered their flocks through the heart of the Spanish capital, following ancient migration routes.

The annual event, which started in 1994, allows shepherds to exercise their right to use traditional routes to migrate their livestock from northern Spain to more southerly pastures for winter grazing.

The route would have taken them through undeveloped countryside a few centuries ago, but today it cuts through Madrid’s bustling city center and along some of its most famous streets.

Sheep farmers pay a nominal charge in symbolic acknowledgement of a 1418 agreement with the city council that set a fee of 50 maravedis – medieval coins – per 1,000 sheep brought through the central Sol square and Gran Via street.

The herd includes 2,000 merino sheep and 100 goats.

Reporting by Jessica Jones; Editing by David Goodman

Reuters: Oddly Enough

Trailer: A New Generation of DreamWorks Dragons Take Flight in ‘Rescue Riders’

DreamWorks Animation unveiled the high-flying trailer and cast of its new preschool series Dragons Rescue Riders. This all-new chapter for young fans set in the world of DreamWorks Dragons follows the adventures of twins, Dak and Leyla, who were raised by dragons and share a unique ability to communicate with them. The brother and sister lead a team of five adorable young dragons — Winger, Summer, Cutter and Burple — with whom they spend their days rescuing other dragons, and helping the people in their adopted town of Huttsgalor.

All 14 half-hour episodes from the debut season of DreamWorks Dragons Rescue Riders will take off on Netflix on September 27.

Emmy Award winner Jack Thomas (Dragons: Race to the Edge, The Fairly OddParents) serves as executive producer and showrunner, and Brian K. Roberts (VeggieTales in the House) serves as co-executive producer and showrunner.

DreamWorks Dragons Rescue Riders features the voice talents of Nicolas Cantu (The Amazing World of Gumball, Sofia The First) as “Dak,” who is in charge of training the Rescue Riders, and Brennley Brown (The Voice, Sofia The First) as “Leyla,” who is a whiz on all things dragons. Voicing the young dragons are Marsai Martin (Little, Black-ish) as “Aggro,” Zach Callison (Steven Universe, The Goldbergs) as “Winger,” Skai Jackson (Jessie, Bunk’d) as “Summer, ” Noah Bentley (Adam Ruins Everything) as “Burple,” and Andre Robinson (Dragons: Race to the Edge, Niko and the Sword of Light) as “Cutter.”

Additional cast includes Carlos Alazraqui (Where’s Waldo?, Happy Feet), Moira Quirk (Castlevania), Roshon Fegan (Shake It Up, Insecure) and Brad Grusnick (Bunnicula). The series features an array of guest stars, including John C. MicGinley (Scrubs, Chicago P.D.), Tara Strong (The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle, The Fairly OddParents), Grey Griffin (She-Ra and the Princesses of Power, DC Super Hero Girls), Jacob Hopkins (The Goldbergs), Sam Lavagnino (Bravest Warriors), Patton Oswalt (Veronica Mars, Veep) and Brian Posehn (The Big Bang Theory).

Animation Magazine

Grasshoppers take Vegas by swarm, disrupting weather radar, tourism

FILE PHOTO: A grasshopper lands on a window in Encinitas, California, U.S. October 29,2018. REUTERS/Mike Blake

(Reuters) – Swarms of grasshoppers have descended upon America’s Sin City in unusual abundance this week, disrupting weather radars, deterring tourists and invoking hysteria on social media.

The clouds of buzzing insects, whose migration through the Las Vegas Valley scientists say is the result of a wetter-than- normal winter, were big enough that the National Weather Service detected them on its radar.

“Radar analysis suggests most of these echoes are biological targets. This typically includes birds, bats, and bugs, and most likely in our case…grasshoppers,” the National Weather Service in Las Vegas said on Friday on Twitter.

Such migrations occur every few years and should not cause alarm since the insects are not dangerous, Jeff Knight, state entomologist for the Nevada Department of Agriculture, said on Thursday at a news conference.

Some locals were not placated.

“This is the wildest thing in nature I’ve ever seen,” one resident, Caitlin Sparks, wrote on Twitter on Sunday, posting a photograph of a street lamp illuminating a night sky filled with grasshoppers.

Attracted to ultra-violet light, the insects have been clustering around the city’s brightly lit tourist district, a concentration of resort hotels and casinos along The Strip. The Luxor Sky Beam, a pillar of light that rises from the Luxor Hotel, has attracted huge swarms at night, according to videos posted to Twitter.

The Best Western Plus Casino Royale on the Strip shut off its lights on Friday and Saturday to avoid attracting the bugs, the Las Vegas Review-Journal reported.

Reporting by Gabriella Borter; Editing by Andrea Ricci

Reuters: Oddly Enough

5 Ways Men Can Take Charge of Their Health

SUNDAY, June 23, 2019 — Many men need to do a better job of looking after their health, and it only takes a few simple steps, experts say.

“It’s common for men to avoid going to the doctor until there’s a serious health concern,” said Dr. James Heckman, a primary care physician at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. “Staying healthy may just be a matter of changing habits.”

Those habits start with regular doctor visits.

“Seeing your doctor regularly means that you have a baseline for important screenings,” Heckman said in a medical center news release. “This includes everything from cholesterol to cancer screenings and osteoporosis.”

Then, make sure you’re eating right. A diet low in fat and high in fruits and vegetables can help lower the risk of certain cancers, including prostate cancer.

“For good prostate health, eat your fruits and veggies,” Dr. Aria Olumi, chief of urologic surgery at Beth Israel, said in the news release.

Don’t smoke. Along with harming your heart and lungs, smoking is linked with roughly half of all bladder cancers.

“Bladder cancer risk factors like age, gender, race and family history can’t be controlled,” Olumi said. “But quitting smoking can definitely lower your risk.”

Get enough sleep. That means at least seven hours a night.

And remember that mental health is connected to physical health. Protect it. Mental illness affects both men and women, but men may be less likely to talk about their feelings and get help.

“Mental health symptoms often appear to be physical issues — like a racing heart, tightening chest, ongoing headaches or digestive issues,” Heckman said. “Talking to a professional or a loved one about stress or other challenges can be very helpful.”

More information

The U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion has more on men’s health.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: June 2019 – Daily MedNews

‘I Lost My Body,’ ‘Memorable’ Take Home Major Prizes at Annecy

Saturday night’s well-attended awards ceremony wrapped up the hugely successful 2019 edition of the Annecy Intl. Animation Festival and MIFA market. Jeremy Clapin’s I Lost My Body, Bruno Collet’s Mémorable and Regina Pessoa’s Tio Tomas were three of the big prize winners this year, and all shared haunting visuals, poetic tone and auteur-driven stylized approaches to the medium.

“It is wonderful to observe the alliances between the official juries, audience votes and the junior juries,” said the festival’s artistic director Marcel Jean. “Aesthetically powerful and unique propositions, such as I Lost My Body, Mémorable and Daughter have something to please everyone, from professionals, adolescents and the public alike.”

The festival’s 43rd edition posted a record number of attendees, 12,300 badge-holders (up from 11,700 badge-holders in 2018).

Here is the complete list of the 2019 winners:

Cristal for a Feature Film: I Lost My Body (J’ai perdu mon corps) by Jeremy Clapin (France, Xilam Animation)

Jury Distinction: Bunuel in the Labyrinth of the Turtles by Salvador Simo (Netherlands/Spain, Sygnatia Films, Submarine)

Audience Award/Premiere: I Lost My Body (Jeremy Clapin, France, Xilam)

Contrechamp Award: Away by Gints Zilbalodis (Latvia, Bilibaba)

Cristal for a Short Film: Mémorable by Bruno Collet (France, Vivement Lundi!)

Jury Award: Uncle Thomas: Accounting for the Days (Tio Tomas) by Regina Pessoa (Canada, France, Portugal; ONF, Les Armateurs, Ciclope Films)

Jean-Lux Xiberras Award for a First Film: Deszcz (La Pluie) by Piotr Milczarek (Poland, Fumi)

Jury Distinction for Powerful Storytelling: Pulsion (Drive) by Pedro Casavecchia (Argentina, France, Atlas V)

Jury Distinction for Social Significance: My Generation by Ludovic Houplain (France, H5)

Audience Award: Mémorable by Bruno Collet (France, Vivement Lundi!)

Off-Limits Award: Don’t Know What by Thomas Renoldner (Austria)

Cristal for a TV Production: Panic in the Village “The County Fair” by Vincent Patar, Stephane Aubier (Belgium Autour de Minuit, Paniquesprl, Beast Animation)

Jury Award for a TV Series: Flavors of Iraq “Le Cowboy de Fallujah” by Leonard Cohen (France, Nova Production)

Jury Award for a TV Series: La Vie de Chateau (My Life in Versailles) by Clarence Madeleine-Perdrillat, Nathaniel h’Limi (France)

Cristal for a Commissioned Film: Ted-Ed “Accents” by Robertino Zambrano (Australia, USA, Kapa Studioworks, Ted-Ed)

Jury Award: #takeonhistory “Wimbledon” by Smith & Foulkes (U.K., Nexus Studio)

Cristal for a Graduation Film: Dcera (Daughter) by Daria Kashcheeva (Czech Republic, Famu, Maur Film Co.)

Jury Award: Rules of Play by Merlin Flugel (German)

Jury Distinction Prize: These Things in My Head-Side A by Luke Bourne (U.K., Birmingham City University)

Cristal for Best VR Work: Gloomy Eyes by Jorge Tereso, Fernando Maldonado (Argentina, France, Atlas V, 3Dar, Arte France)

For more info, visit



Tio Tomas

Tio Tomas

Annecy 2019

Annecy 2019

Annecy 2019

Annecy 2019

Animation Magazine

Patients Who Read Docs’ Notes Take Meds Better

By Robert Preidt

HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, May 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Reading the notes your doctor makes during your visit appears to be good medicine.

An online survey of 20,000 adults treated at three U.S. health systems that have made clinical notes available to patients for several years finds that those who actually read them may be more likely to take medications as prescribed.

Patients listed several benefits of reading the notes: 64% said doing so helped them understand why a medication was prescribed; 62% felt more in control of their medications; 57% said the notes answered questions about medications; and 61% felt more comfortable with their prescriptions.

And 14% of patients at two of the health systems — Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in Boston and Geisinger in rural Pennsylvania — said they were more likely to take their medications as prescribed after reading doctors’ notes, the study found.

Meanwhile, 33% of patients at the University of Washington Medicine in Seattle, the third health system studied, considered clinical notes very helpful.

“Sharing clinical notes with patients is a relatively low-cost, low-touch intervention,” lead author Catherine DesRoches, executive director of OpenNotes at BIDMC, said in a news release.

Though sharing notes is a cultural shift, electronic health record systems make it easier, she said, adding that the payoff could be “enormous” because poor adherence to medications costs the health care system about $ 300 billion a year.

“Anything that we can do to improve adherence to medications has significant value,” DesRoches said.

Patients whose primary language was not English and those with lower levels of education were more likely to report benefits from being able to read their doctor’s notes, according to the study published May 28 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Still, this kind of transparent communication initially makes doctors uneasy, said study co-author Dr. Tom Delbanco, co-founder of OpenNotes.

“They worry about many things, including potential effects on their workflow, and scaring their patients. But once they start, we know of few doctors who decide to stop, and patients overwhelmingly love it,” he added in the news release. “The promise it holds for medication adherence is enormous, and we are really excited by these findings.”

An accompanying editorial by Dr. David Blumenthal and Melinda Abrams of the Commonwealth Fund noted that transparency is mandated by federal law and policy.

“Our challenge now is to make the best and most of shared health care information as a tool for clinical management and health improvement,” Blumenthal and Abrams wrote.

WebMD News from HealthDay


SOURCE: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, news release, May 28, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Health

Take a New View of Aging

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 2019 — The way you view aging can affect how well you manage stress.

Older people who see aging negatively have stronger (negative) emotional reactions to day-to-day stresses, while such events have little effect on the moods of adults who are more positive about getting older. Their sunny outlook acts as a buffer against little annoyances.

That’s not all. People who carry negative views also have lower levels of satisfaction and well-being. And they’re more likely to be hospitalized or die young, according to research published in the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences.

Surveys by the nonprofit West Health Institute and the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago found that the time to gain a positive perspective on aging is early in life — your 30s and 40s. This is when many people start to have general concerns about the future, such as facing health and financial issues, developing memory problems and losing their independence.

The survey found increasing worry among younger people that government programs don’t — and won’t — do enough for seniors.

What can you do to ward off such worries? Stay on top of lifestyle habits that help you avoid serious health threats, like diabetes and heart disease, and that maintain mental sharpness. These include eating a healthful diet, doing regular exercise and getting enough sleep.

But beyond activities that benefit your physical side, add in those that boost mental health. Consider volunteering to develop “emotional capital,” as in mentoring programs that allow you to share what you’ve learned in life with the next generation.

More information

Read more about the NORC survey findings through reports posted on its website.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: May 2019 – Daily MedNews

Take or pay: Belgian ex-king faces paternity fines

Belgian artist Delphine Boel and her lawyers leave a courthouse, after a new hearing in her legal battle to prove former Belgian King Albert is her father, in Brussels, Belgium February 21, 2017. REUTERS/Francois Lenoir

BRUSSELS (Reuters) – A Belgian court has ordered the country’s former king to pay 5,000 euros ($ 5,600) a day until he takes a DNA paternity test to resolve a long-running case brought by a woman who says she is his daughter.

A judicial source said the 84-year-old King Albert II must pay the sum to Belgian artist Delphine Boel, 50, for every day he now fails to heed a court order made last year to provide a sample. Albert, who abdicated six years ago in favor of his son Philippe, is challenging the ruling that he submit to testing.

The retired monarch has been fighting Boel’s claim for over a decade. Court-ordered DNA tests have already proved that she is not the offspring of her legal father, Jacques Boel, scion of one of Belgium’s richest industrial dynasties.

Her identity became a topic of public debate after the publication in 1999 of a biography of Queen Paola, Albert’s Italian wife, which alleged that he had a long extra-marital relationship from which a daughter was born in the 1960s.

Albert, who has no formal public role, has acknowledged that he and Paola had marital difficulties. Their three children are all older than Boel. Next in line to the throne is 17-year-old Princess Elisabeth, daughter of Philippe and Queen Mathilde.

Editing by Hugh Lawson

Reuters: Oddly Enough

Take Steps to Prevent a Stroke

THURSDAY, May 9, 2019 — Strokes are common but not inevitable. There are ways you can reduce your risk, starting with your blood pressure.

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of permanent disability, said Dr. Gary Bernardini, neurology chair at New York-Presbyterian Hospital Queens.

Most strokes occur when blood flow to the brain gets cut off. Here, Bernardini offers some stroke-prevention tips:

High blood pressure is the biggest stroke risk factor. Always monitor your blood pressure, and if it’s elevated, talk to your doctor about creating a plan to lower it.

It’s also smart to maintain a healthy weight and have a healthy diet. That means reducing salt intake, avoiding high-cholesterol foods, eating multiple servings of fruits and vegetables every day, and eating whole grains.

Along with weight control and lower blood pressure, exercise is an independent reducer of stroke risk. Try to do moderate-intensity exercise at least five days a week, Bernardini said.

Limit or avoid alcohol consumption. More than one to two drinks a day can significantly increase your stroke risk.

If you smoke, try to quit. People who smoke have a nearly four-times increased risk of stroke, according to the World Health Organization.

Get a regular physical. Knowing your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels will give you an idea of your health and what you need to do to lower your risk of stroke.

Learn about your family history of stroke. This can help you and your doctor plan any necessary precautions.

You should also know the signs of stroke and seek immediate treatment if they occur, Bernardini emphasized.

“Strokes are a severe medical emergency, and time is of the essence for successful treatment,” he said in a hospital news release. “By recognizing and quickly responding to the signs of stroke, you can potentially save your own life or the life of a family member or friend.”

To identify and respond to a stroke, remember the acronym FAST: facial drooping, arm weakness, speech difficulties, time to call emergency services.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has more on stroke.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: May 2019 – Daily MedNews

Be Prepared to Take FAST Action If You Suspect a Stroke

WEDNESDAY, March 20, 2019 — Would you be able to recognize if you or someone close to you were having a stroke? A stroke is a 911 medical emergency and every second counts for survival.

To help you recognize the signs of stroke, the National Stroke Association wants you to remember F-A-S-T, or fast.

F stands for “face.” Signs of stroke include drooping or numbness on just one side of the face. An uneven smile is another clue that something’s wrong.

A stands for “arm.” Is just one arm weak or numb? If the person tries to lift both arms, does one drift downward? In general, stroke signs appear on just one side of the body.

S stands for “speech.” When a stroke happens, the person can’t speak or their speech is slurred or hard to understand. He or she won’t be able to accurately repeat a simple sentence.

T stands for “time.” It’s time to call 911 if you see any of these symptoms. Even if the symptoms go away, the person needs to get to the hospital fast. There’s a finite window of opportunity for care, particularly the administration of a specialized clot-busting medication, needed when the stroke is due to a blood clot.

More Signs of Stroke

  • Sudden numbness or weakness in one leg.
  • Sudden confusion.
  • Trouble understanding, seeing or walking.
  • Dizziness or lack of balance.
  • A sudden severe headache with no known cause.

It’s good to know the name and location of the stroke center nearest to you. Leading hospitals and medical centers with comprehensive stroke services often carry the designation “Certificate of Distinction” from the Joint Commission, an accreditation organization. You can access a stroke center database at

To protect yourself and loved ones, learn all you can about stroke now, so you’ll be prepared should an emergency strike.

More information

The National Stroke Association has more facts about stroke.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: March 2019 – Daily MedNews

Strain Review: Relax for the Night and Let Nug’s Forbidden Fruit Take Over

Ever pick up a nighttime Indica strain for a relaxing night in, only to smoke it and find yourself locked in a high-energy head rush for the next few hours? Well you won’t suffer this old bait and switch with Nug’s Forbidden Fruit — a gorgeously aromatic bud with all the hazy, full-bodied, and mildly […]

GoFire Wants to Take Cannabis Vaping Into the Future

Hash-oil vaporizers show both the potential and the challenges of the cannabis industry. Their convenience and discretion are undeniable, but so are the inconsistencies in dosage and potency. Gofire, a vaporizer startup in Denver, has slowly been working on a solution to those problems, however, and is almost ready to unveil it.

The company’s self-dosing vaporizer employs a microchip on hash-oil cartridges to read cannabis testing results, which consumers can use and then log in a journal on their phones. To learn how Gofire plans to use this new technology to change medical and recreational cannabis, we talked with CEO Peter Calfee.

Westword: With so many faces in the crowd and big promises, how do you choose whom to partner and collaborate with in the cannabis industry?

Peter Calfee: I’m always trying to be kind and listen. Our egos get in the way of us doing business more often than not. I’ve also learned not to fall in love, and that’s easy with all these exciting happenings going on in this space. For me, it’s like, let’s just go on a first date and go from there. My support system is a group of great advisers and friends: Rhett Jordan (Native Roots), Ryan Cook (The Clinic), Joe Hodas (General Cannabis). They also get that philosophy of working together. Ryan and Rhett are essentially direct competitors, but they sit down and have a blast together.

Ideas are a dime a dozen, but a team that can catch that idea and bring it to fruition is worth their weight in gold. I’d rather have an incredible team and a poor idea than an incredible idea and a poor team. When I look at companies to work with, I focus on teams that match my moral compass, share my philosophies and have the know-how and drive that I do.

How’d this gadget come to fruition?

I was in Colorado, and my friend set me up on a blind business date. So I’m sitting at her house, and in walks this guy in a bro tank top and workout shorts. I wasn’t sure what was going on, but then we started talking. He was an engineer, and says to me, “I want to build a vaporizer.” That ended up being my co-founder, John Woodbine.

My initial reaction was “Hell no, good luck with that e-cigarette crap. I’m not touching it.” But it wasn’t what he was talking about. He wanted to solve the lack of stability and repeat-ability in cannabis vapes. The first thing we wanted to solve was dose control. How do you create a consistent, repeatable dose in inhalable medicine? It’s the Holy Grail of delivering drugs to the deep lung.

Over the next three months, we developed a prototype (similar to a standard pen-shaped vaporizer), what we called “the rocket ship,” and we figured out dose control. We took a pipette and did an extrusion of product at 2.5 milligrams increments; then we’re only vaporizing the product that’s in the chamber, so the cartridge isn’t heating up all the time and compromising flavor. But we still realized there were all these inconsistencies even though the dose was the same. It’s not just about knowing how much, but of what. Eight ounces of lemonade is not eight ounces of lemon juice. So we put a smart chip on those cartridges, and the smart chip links back to a third-party lab test result. The results are then relayed to an app on your smartphone so you know the potency and test results.

Then we realized the app could act as a journal, and people could record what products were working for them. So we can have all this anonymous information and algorithms that read all these different results, which then kick back to the community about what’s working for what. We don’t know who these people are, just what they’re using.

What can this information and data do for users, either medically or recreationally?

We’re all trying to figure out which specific chemical compounds at what ratios work for sleep, pain, anxiety, PTSD — I could go on. So we turn this data into information to kick back to manufacturers, so they can build better products. I think it can have applications outside of vaporizers, and that’s what we did. I was talking with a partner, and he asked if we could do this on other cannabis products, like edibles and so on. So we created a scannable dose code, and that technology should be on all medical and recreational products in Colorado within the next one or two months.

When can readers expect to see the vaporizer in stores?

We were hoping for this summer, but we ran into a snag with one of our production partners. We had all these products sitting at the manufacturing facility ready to rock and roll, but then we found out the circuit boards weren’t properly built, so we found a new firm to work with. We’re about to do a small run to test them internally, and then we’re going to distribute about 350 products to influencers and beta-testers for a beta run for four weeks. So after all that, we’re looking at January 1, realistically.

We set the bar as if we were regulated by the FDA. It’s not nichrome metals; it’s all medical-grade materials and set up for hospital use. It’s $ 499 if you buy it as a direct consumer, but if you get a physician’s recommendation — your primary care doctor, an MMJ-recommending physician, any functional practitioner — you can get it for half that price. At the end of the day, we really developed this to give patients control and find some consistent relief.

That’s still a high price for consumers who are used to five-ten thread vaporizers that sell batteries for $ 10 or $ 15. What makes it worth such a huge jump in cost?

The device, as a whole, is unlike any vaporizer out there. The convection system we created is similar to how the Volcano Vaporizer works. It works with flower and oils; it’s much smaller but essentially has the same functionally with the ability to measure dosages. Volcanoes are around $ 600. Ours is made of magnesium alloy, so it’s meant to be durable and last as long as a Volcano, too.

We want the application of this to give that consistency and control to the adult use, too. I would say we created a shot glass for the industry. That ability to quantify our consumption is what we need to take this plant and make it mainstream.

Is cannabis lab testing far enough along to give users that reliable information?

We need the testing facilities to share their protocols. Right now, they don’t. We’re the only industry where testing procedures are viewed as intellectual properties. Every other industry has a standardization of operating procedure, but for some odd reason, the labs believe their procedures are their IP. Until the problem is fixed, we’ll continue seeing those potency discrepancies from lab to lab.

We link it back to which testing facility is providing the information on the app, and we’re starting to weed out which labs are reliable and which ones aren’t. But in short: Yes, we believe it’s enough. Especially if we’re looking at rends of hundreds of thousands of use cases, then we can start to identify which facilities are consistent.

Toke of the Town

Mexico’s Lawmakers to Take First Steps to Legalize Marijuana

Just days after Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled that laws prohibiting the use, possession and personal cultivation of marijuana are unconstitutional, key officials from the country’s ruling party said they are already pondering legislation to legalize cannabis sales as well. First, Mexico’s Congress will act to repeal the now-invalidated criminal statues against marijuana. But then, “we […]