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More Than 2 Million Pounds of Chicken Recalled

Nov. 8, 2019 — Simmons Prepared Foods Inc. is recalling more than 2 million pounds of poultry products that may be contaminated with metal, the FDA says.

The recalled items, which include the brand™s ready-to-cook chicken wings, tenderloins, legs, breast meat, and whole birds were produced from Oct. 21, 2019, through Nov. 4, 2019, and shipped to stores in Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Minnesota, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania. See the full list of affected products here.

Health officials are worried some of the chicken may be frozen in customers™ freezers. Anyone who bought packages marked with the establishment numbers P-1949, P-486, or P-5837 should throw the products away or return them immediately.

There are no confirmed reports of anyone getting sick, but anyone who is worried about a possible illness should call a doctor. People with questions about the recall can contact Donald Miller, senior vice president of sales at Simmons Prepared Foods Inc., at 888-831-7007.

Sources

FDA: œSimmons Prepared Foods, Inc. Recalls Poultry Products due to Possible Foreign Matter Contamination.”

© 2019 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

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Playing More Than One Sport Helps Teen Athletes Avoid Injuries: Study

SATURDAY, Nov. 2, 2019 — Teen girls who play several sports have a lower injury risk than those who focus on just one, a new study finds.

It included more than 1,100 girls who play basketball, soccer and volleyball. Most were middle and high school students; some were in college.

Girls who specialize too early in sports such as basketball, soccer and volleyball could find that a single-minded focus “may hinder motor development and lead to compromised hip and knee coordination during dynamic landing and jumping activities, which can lead to increased chance of potentially life-altering injuries,” said lead author Christopher DiCesare. He’s a biomechanist in the Division of Sports Medicine at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio.

The study also found that girls who focused on a single sport had a higher rate of hip and knee injuries and an increased risk of knee pain.

Researchers said playing multiple sports may improve girls’ coordination, and that those who specialize may not fully develop neuromuscular coordination patterns that can reduce the risk of injury.

Due to uneven growth in bone mineral and muscular and connective tissue strength before and during puberty, young athletes may be less able than older ones to handle the physical stresses associated with focusing on one sport, the study published Oct. 23 in the Journal of Athletic Training concluded.

“By understanding the influence that sport specialization has on coordination and the potential for injuries, there is the potential to make better decisions of when it may be appropriate to safely specialize in a sport,” DiCesare said in a journal news release.

More than 30 million young people participate in individual or team sports, and an increasing emphasis on the success has pushed many to specialize.

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics has more on sports.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: November 2019

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Vision Problems Strike More Than 2 Billion Globally

By Robert Preidt
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) — More than 2 billion people worldwide suffer vision problems that range from impairment to blindness, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO).

And at least 1 billion of those people have problems such as short- and far-sightedness, glaucoma and cataracts — all of which could have been prevented or have not been treated.

Eye conditions and vision impairment are widespread, and far too often they still go untreated,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said in a news release from the organization.

“People who need eye care must be able to receive quality interventions without suffering financial hardship. Including eye care in national health plans and essential packages of care is an important part of every country’s journey towards universal health coverage,” he said.

Aging populations, changing lifestyles and limited access to eye care — particularly in low- and middle-income countries — are among the main reasons for increasing numbers of people with vision problems, according to the report released Tuesday in advance of World Sight Day on Oct. 10.

“It is unacceptable that 65 million people are blind or have impaired sight when their vision could have been corrected overnight with a cataract operation, or that over 800 million struggle in everyday activities because they lack access to a pair of glasses,” he added.

Eye conditions and vision impairment tend to be much more common among people in rural areas, those with low incomes, women, older people, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities and indigenous populations, according to the WHO’s first report on vision worldwide.

Untreated distance vision impairment in low- and middle-income regions is about four times higher than in high-income regions, and $ 14.3 billion (U.S. dollars) is needed to treat the 1 billion people with vision impairment or blindness due to cataracts, and short- and far-sightedness, the report said.

According to Alarcos Cieza, who leads WHO’s efforts on blindness and deafness prevention, disability and rehabilitation, “Millions of people have severe vision impairment and are not able to participate in society to their fullest because they can’t access rehabilitation services. In a world built on the ability to see, eye care services, including rehabilitation, must be provided closer to communities for people to achieve their maximum potential.”

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE: World Health Organization, news release, Oct. 8, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Health

Vision Problems Strike More Than 2 Billion Globally

FRIDAY, Oct. 11, 2019 — More than 2 billion people worldwide suffer vision problems that range from impairment to blindness, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO).

And at least 1 billion of those people have problems such as short- and far-sightedness, glaucoma and cataracts — all of which could have been prevented or have not been treated.

Eye conditions and vision impairment are widespread, and far too often they still go untreated,” Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said in a news release from the organization.

“People who need eye care must be able to receive quality interventions without suffering financial hardship. Including eye care in national health plans and essential packages of care is an important part of every country’s journey towards universal health coverage,” he said.

Aging populations, changing lifestyles and limited access to eye care — particularly in low- and middle-income countries — are among the main reasons for increasing numbers of people with vision problems, according to the report released Tuesday in advance of World Sight Day on Oct. 10.

“It is unacceptable that 65 million people are blind or have impaired sight when their vision could have been corrected overnight with a cataract operation, or that over 800 million struggle in everyday activities because they lack access to a pair of glasses,” he added.

Eye conditions and vision impairment tend to be much more common among people in rural areas, those with low incomes, women, older people, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities and indigenous populations, according to the WHO’s first report on vision worldwide.

Untreated distance vision impairment in low- and middle-income regions is about four times higher than in high-income regions, and $ 14.3 billion (U.S. dollars) is needed to treat the 1 billion people with vision impairment or blindness due to cataracts, and short- and far-sightedness, the report said.

According to Alarcos Cieza, who leads WHO’s efforts on blindness and deafness prevention, disability and rehabilitation, “Millions of people have severe vision impairment and are not able to participate in society to their fullest because they can’t access rehabilitation services. In a world built on the ability to see, eye care services, including rehabilitation, must be provided closer to communities for people to achieve their maximum potential.”

More information

The WHO has more on blindness and vision impairment.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: October 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

It Takes Less Weight to Trigger Diabetes in Minorities Than Whites

By Serena Gordon
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Sept. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) — One of the biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is excess weight. But you don’t have to be overweight to have the disease — and new research revealed that some racial and ethnic minority groups are more likely to have diabetes at lower weights.

“Patients who belong to one of the high-prevalence racial or ethnic groups may be at risk for diabetes or prediabetes even if they are not overweight or obese,” said Dr. Assiamira Ferrara, senior author of the new study. She’s associate director at Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland, Calif.

“This study suggests that along with screening patients who are overweight and obese, minorities should probably be screened even if they have a normal body mass index, particularly as they get older,” Ferrara said. Body mass index (BMI) is an estimate of body fat based on height and weight. Any measure over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese.

The researchers found rates of diabetes in normal-weight people were:

  • 18% in Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders,
  • 13.5% in blacks,
  • 12.9% in Hispanics,
  • 10.1% in Asians,
  • 9.6% in American Indians/Alaskan natives,
  • 5% in whites.

Why might certain groups be more likely to develop diabetes at a lower weight?

Ferrara said the reasons aren’t yet clear, but an individual’s body composition and physiology likely play a role.

“For instance, it has been shown from previous studies that Asians have a higher percentage of visceral fat [fat that accumulates around abdominal organs] than whites at a given body mass index,” and visceral fat can affect how the body metabolizes blood sugar, she explained.

The observational study does not prove a cause-and-effect relationship, just an association. But the findings suggest the importance of looking beyond obesity to other causes of type 2 diabetes, Ferrara noted.

The study included 4.9 million people. The group was diverse. Fifty percent were white; 21.6% Hispanic; 12.7% Asian; 9.5% black; 1.4% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander; and 0.5% American Indian/Alaskan native. Just over 4% were multiracial or unknown.

Continued

There were slightly more women — 55.7% — in the group. The average BMI was almost 29.

“Greater attention needs to be paid to the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes even among underweight people for racial and ethnic minorities at high risk,” said lead author Yeyi Zhu, a Kaiser Permanente research scientist.

Dr. Louis Philipson, president of medicine and science for the American Diabetes Association, reviewed the study and said it “strongly reinforces” what diabetes specialists have known — that some non-white individuals may get diabetes at a lower weight. He said he hoped that message would get out to primary care doctors.

“The implication is that they need to be testing earlier in non-Caucasian people who are not obviously overweight,” Philipson noted.

The study was published Sept. 19 in the journal Diabetes Care. It was funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute and the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCES: Assiamira Ferrara, M.D., Ph.D., associate director and senior research scientist, Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, Calif.; Yeyi Zhu, Ph.D., research scientist, Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, Calif.; Louis Philipson, M.D., president, medicine and science, American Diabetes Association, and professor, medicine, University of Chicago Medicine;Diabetes Care, Sept. 19, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Health

Lifestyle May Matter More Than Your Genes in Early Heart Disease

MONDAY, Sept. 2, 2019 — An unhealthy lifestyle is a bigger contributor to heart disease than genetics for many younger adults, according to a new study.

The findings show that good health habits should be a key part of prevention efforts, even in people with a family history of early heart disease, researchers said.

The study included 1,075 people under age 50. Of those, 555 had coronary artery disease.

The investigators assessed five lifestyle factors linked to heart disease: physical inactivity, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol.

In all, 73% of patients had at least three of the risk factors compared to 31% of those without coronary artery disease (the control group).

In both groups, the odds of coronary artery disease increased with each additional risk factor. The risk was three times higher for those with a single risk factor and 24 times higher for those with three or more, the findings showed.

The researchers also found that the patients with coronary artery disease had a higher average genetic risk, based on 33 factors.

While their overall score on those 33 factors was an independent predictor for premature heart disease, the influence of genetics declined as the number of modifiable lifestyle factors increased, according to the study presented Monday at a meeting of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), in Paris.

Research presented at meetings is typically considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

“Genetics are an important contributor to premature heart disease but should not be used as an excuse to say it is inevitable,” study author Dr. Joao Sousa said in an ESC news release. Sousa is a cardiologist at Funchal Central Hospital in Portugal.

“In our clinical practice, we often hear young patients with premature heart disease ‘seek shelter’ and explanations in their genetics/family history,” he noted. “However, when we look at the data in our study, these young patients were frequently smokers, physically inactive, with high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure — all of which can be changed.”

Sousa said the study provides strong evidence that people with a family history of early heart disease should embrace a healthy lifestyle. “That means quit smoking, exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet, and get blood pressure and cholesterol levels checked,” he concluded.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on heart disease prevention.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: September 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

After Heart Attack, Stenting More Than the Blocked Artery May Be Best

SUNDAY, Sept. 1, 2019 — Opening all of a person’s clogged arteries after a heart attack can protect their health better than reopening only the one that caused it, a major international clinical trial has concluded.

Opening all blockages and not just the “culprit” behind the attack reduces a patient’s risk of dying or having another heart attack by 26%, researchers reported Sept. 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

This large-scale trial confirms nearly a decade’s worth of research pointing in the same direction, and should lead to this approach becoming standard practice, said lead researcher Dr. Shamir Mehta. He’s director of interventional cardiology at Hamilton Health Sciences in Hamilton, Ontario.

“The results were very clear. They weren’t borderline,” he said. “It will almost certainly have an impact on the guidelines and on clinical practice, not just in the U.S. or Canada, but worldwide.”

About half of all heart attack victims have more clogged arteries than the one that caused their heart attack, the researchers said in background notes.

Of those patients with multiple blockages, at least 80% should be able to benefit from having all of their clogged arteries reopened, said Dr. Samin Sharma, director of clinical and interventional cardiology at Mount Sinai Hospital, in New York City.

Importantly, having the additional blockages reopened did not increase a patient’s risk of other health problems, Sharma noted.

Mehta said, “This study shows that if you do it correctly, nothing happens. The kidney injuries were identical. The vascular complications were identical. There was no increase in stroke. This approach appears to be a home run in a large number of cases.”

Heart attacks happen because a single clogged artery prevents the flow of blood to the heart, damaging the organ.

Initial treatment focuses on reopening that artery and restoring the flow of oxygen to the heart muscle, Mehta said.

But there has been great debate about what to do about other blocked arteries that a patient might have.

“That’s where all the controversy has been,” Mehta said. “Should we just leave them alone? Have they been there for years, and are they not going to cause any problems in the future? Should we really run the risk of going back in and opening them just after a patient’s had a major heart attack?”

The guidelines were “really on the fence about this issue,” Mehta said. “The data wasn’t there to say 100% go ahead and fix them or don’t fix them. It was kind of in the middle.”

At least eight years of studies and clinical trials have provided mounting evidence that reopening all of the blockages should improve a person’s outcome, said Dr. C. Michael Valentine, president of the American College of Cardiology.

“This is the long-awaited confirmation that most cardiologists have been waiting for,” said Valentine, a senior cardiologist at Stroobants Cardiovascular Center of Centra Health in Lynchburg, Va.

To provide this definitive answer, the researchers undertook a clinical trial involving more than 4,000 patients treated at 140 hospitals in 31 countries.

All patients had their blocked “culprit” vessel reopened, Mehta said.

After that initial procedure, about half were randomly chosen for a second procedure days later to reopen the rest of their blocked arteries.

Taking care of the other blockages cut in half a person’s combined risk of either death from heart disease, a repeat heart attack, or a need to return and have another clogged artery reopened due to chest pain or other symptoms, the findings showed.

Over a median of three years, about 8% of patients who had everything reopened suffered a second heart attack or cardiovascular death. That compared to about 11% of those who received treatment only for the artery that caused the first heart attack.

“We’ve shown clearly that putting stents in these clogged arteries and opening them provides a major benefit,” Mehta said. “The interesting thing is that the benefit accrues over the long term. The trial followed patients for up to three years, and the benefit continued to accrue over that period.”

Mehta and Sharma expect fully opening all blockages also would save money over the long run, compared with people returning to the hospital with future problems caused by untreated clogged arteries.

“You can’t really send a patient with a full-blown heart attack home anyway. You have to keep them in hospital for 48 hours, at minimum,” Mehta said. “They’re sitting around anyway in the hospital. To bring them down the next day and fix the other blockages is not that huge an increase in cost.”

However, the results also show there’s no rush. Patients benefitted from having all blockages reopened even if the follow-up procedure took place weeks later, Mehta said.

“The nice thing about the trial is if a person is frail or elderly, or if they have kidney disease, it’s OK to delay it and let the patient recover from the initial heart attack,” he said. “Then when they’re strong enough, you can bring them back and do the other vessels.”

It’s important for physicians to understand there are options, he said. “You don’t have to do it right away.”

Still, Sharma suggested, it might be even more cost-effective to clear all the blockages during the initial procedure.

“If you know it’s a simple blockage, why do you need to wait until the next day? Why don’t you do it at the same time? That’s the only question that’s not answered by this study,” Sharma said.

The results of the clinical trial were also presented Sunday at the European Society of Cardiology’s annual meeting, in Paris.

More information

The American Heart Association has more on the warning signs of a heart attack.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: September 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Why Vaping Weed is Better than Smoking It?

People use marijuana for different purposes. Weed lovers just want to get “high”. Some people want to relieve the symptoms of some disease or condition as cannabis is claimed to help with sleep disorders, regulate insulin production, reduce social anxiety and depression, relieve multiple sclerosis, arthritis and other forms of pain. There’re also users who pursue both mentioned goals.

No matter what drives you to use marijuana, you may wonder what is the best way to inhale it is: smoking or vaping? Let’s see.

What way of inhaling marijuana has a better effect?

You’ll see for yourself when you try a weed vape pen on Vapingdaily, that vaporizing marijuana differs from your usual way of smoking it. And the effects are faster.

A group of scientists studied the effects of smoked and vaporized cannabis in 2016. They recruited 17 adults who had experience of marijuana smoking, but not in the month prior to the study’s launch.

The experiment lasted 6 weeks. Each participant had one smoking or vaping session per week. THC doses were of 0 mg, 10 mg, and 25 mg, with the 0-mg dose being the control point.

After each session, physiological changes in the participants were examined. They also filled a questionnaire to self-report their experience and completed 3 computerized tasks designed to measure attention span, memory, physical reaction time and motor movement.

Both 10mg and 25mg got the users quite stoned. But it turned out that when being vaped, the same doses of cannabis resulted in significantly stronger subjective drug effects, higher blood THC levels, and slower cognitive and psychomotor performance.

What are the health advantages of vaping cannabis over smoking it?

If compared to smoking, vaporizing is a much safer way to consume marijuana. It has two bonuses for your health.

1. Vapor is cleaner than smoke.

Smoking occurs at a minimum of 230°C. A joint burns at much higher temperatures which may reach 600-900°C.

When weed burns in the joint, the chemical bonds between organic molecules and carbon atoms are broken apart and “free radicals” are generated. These components create a lot of different harmful toxins, including carcinogens. Thus, 88% of the compounds that are emitted into the smoke are not cannabinoids and terpenes.

Regular weed smoking leads to the tar build up in the lungs, similar to tobacco smoking. This may lead to respiratory health problems.

Vaporizing cannabis doesn’t produce the toxins that smoking does, because the plant matter doesn’t burn but is heated up. A vape pen for weed operates at 160-230°C. The vapor from cannabis contains about 94% cannabinoids, 5% flavonoids (beneficial plant pigments) and about 1% of aromatic hydrocarbon (an organic compound containing carbon and hydrogen).

2. Vaping has less impact on the lungs.

Whether from tobacco, cannabis, or wood, smoke is harmful to your lungs. As mentioned above, carcinogens and other toxic chemicals are released during the combustion of materials.

Moreover, marijuana smokers take larger puffs, inhale more deeply, and hold their breath longer when compared to those who use weed pens. This leads to greater exposure.

Research shows that regular marijuana smoking injures the cell linings of the large airways. That’s why smokers experience chronic cough, phlegm production, wheeze and bronchitis.

Given that vapor is cleaner that smoke, it’s more loyal to your throat and lungs. However, vaping is still not well-researched. So, there may be potential risks to the heath we don’t yet know about. To stay on the safe side, vape in moderation.

Are there any additional pluses?

Aside from the health benefits, vaping surpasses smoking in the following aspects:

  • No “high”

THC and CBD are two active marijuana compounds that contribute to the plant’s therapeutic properties. The difference in effect is the only – unlike THC, CBD doesn’t produce psychoactive effects. In other words, it doesn’t make you “high”.

Some people avoid smoking medical marijuana because it impairs their coordination and reaction time. They only want to reap weed’s health benefits and keep a clear state of mind at the same time. Thanks to vaping CBD oil, they can have this opportunity. CBD is derived from the marijuana plant and mixed with a carrier oil (hemp seed or coconut) to create CBD oil.

  • Convenience

A weed pen allows setting different temperatures. This makes it easier to reach the desired intensity of high. For example, to reach a mellow high, set your device at 150°C. To increase the potency, set the temperature of 166-187°C. But don’t go higher than 229°C which is a near-combustion temperature. You’ll reduce the elimination of cannabinoids.

Vaporizing marijuana isn’t as smelly as smoking it. Moreover, vapor dissipates faster than smoke. So, you won’t attract unwanted attention if you happen to vape in public.

  • Cost-efficiency

As soon as you light a joint, the flame begins to destroy the blunt and everything in it, even when you are not taking a hit. And when you do, it burns even faster. Vaping gives more control. You set the temperature and can switch your vaporizer off. Both these features make a substantial impact on the cost of your marijuana vape session.

  • Availability

Access to medical marijuana involves getting a doctor’s prescription. When it comes to cannabis products made for vaporizing, many of us can buy weed online for our cannabis vaporization without any problems.

Generally, online stores only ask visitors to verify the age by clicking on “I’m older than 21” icon. And after that, you can choose the best vape pen for weed and marijuana products, such as dry herb, oil, or wax. Besides, CBD oil is completely legal as it contains no more than 0.3% THC.

Keep in mind that the use of marijuana may cause side effects. This is especially true for conventional or “street” weed that might contain harmful fungus and/or pesticides. It can be dangerous for people with a compromised immune system. When it comes to treatment with marijuana, it’s better to visit a doctor, get a prescription, and buy the product at a reliable supplier.

BIO:
?
Robert Mayers was born and raised in Atlanta. A writer and a reader in one person and a big lover what he does.

Shane Dwyer
Author: Shane Dwyer
Shane Dwyer is a cannabis advocate who isn’t afraid to tell the world about it! You can find his views, rants, and tips published regularly at The 420 Times.

Marijuana & Cannabis News – The 420 Times

Bathing a Baby Less Scary Than It Sounds

FRIDAY, Aug. 9, 2019 — Every parent remembers the first time they bathed their newborn, terrified they might accidentally drop or harm their tiny bundle of joy.

But one dermatologist says the task is easy if parents follow some basic steps.

“While it may seem intimidating at first, bathing your baby is simple and only needs to happen two to three times a week, as long as the diaper area is thoroughly cleaned during each diaper change,” according to Dr. Kalyani Marathe, a dermatologist in Washington, D.C.

“The first thing to remember is to start off with sponge baths until your baby’s umbilical cord stump falls off and heals,” Marathe said in an American Academy of Dermatology news release.

For a sponge bath, you’ll need a bowl of lukewarm water, a washcloth and a mild, fragrance-free baby soap. Lay your baby down on a comfortable, flat surface. Keep your baby warm by wrapping him or her in a towel and only exposing the part of the body that you’re washing. Keep one hand on your baby at all times.

Dip the washcloth into the water and gently wipe your baby’s face and scalp. It’s safe to gently clean over the baby’s soft spots. Remember to wash neck creases and behind the ears, Marathe said.

Clean the rest of your baby’s body. Soap is needed only when washing dirty areas, typically the diaper area and the neck. Rinse off soap afterwards.

“Once your baby’s umbilical cord stump falls off, switch to traditional bathing,” Marathe said. “However, start slow — if your baby seems to hate getting a regular bath, revert to the sponge bath method for another week or longer.”

For a traditional bath, you can use a sink or small plastic tub. Use lukewarm water and place your baby into the water feet first. Most of the baby’s body should be well above the water. Use a washcloth to gently wash your baby’s face and scalp. Use baby shampoo once or twice a week to clean your baby’s hair.

Clean the rest of your baby’s body and use soap only in dirty areas.

“After bathing, immediately wrap your baby in a towel for warmth and consider applying a bland, fragrance-free moisturizer, such as petroleum jelly,” Marathe said.

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics outlines how to prepare for the arrival of your newborn.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: August 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Sexting May Be Less Common Among Teens Than You Think

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 — Parents of budding teens can breathe a little easier: A new study says adolescent “sexting” is not an epidemic.

On the other hand, it’s not disappearing, either, despite campaigns to curb it.

“Sexting is perceived as an epidemic because the news highlights extreme cases that involve tragic outcomes, and because it goes against standards of morality and decency that are historically entrenched,” said study author Sameer Hinduja, a professor of criminology at Florida Atlantic University.

But most teens have never sent or received a sex text, the new study found. It focused on about 5,600 students in American middle and high schools, ages 12 to 17.

Of those, about 14% had ever sent a sexually or explicit image or had received one.

For this study, researchers defined sexting as the exchange of nude or semi-nude photos or videos via text or private messaging on social media.

Other researchers have included sexually suggestive or explicit texts. Hinduja said his team didn’t include those, because they can’t lead to sextortion, child pornography charges or related fallout.

About 11% of the students said they had sent a sext to a boyfriend or girlfriend — and about 64% did so when asked to, the study found. But only 43% complied with a request from someone who was not a current romantic partner.

Boys were much more likely to have sent and received a sext from a current partner, but boys and girls were equally likely to receive them from others.

About 4% said they had shared an explicit image sent to them with someone else, without permission — and about as many suspected this had happened to them.

Hinduja said though dishonest responses were removed from the findings, “it is possible that the frequency of sexting among middle schoolers and high schoolers across the United States may be underrepresented in our research.”

While teen sexting is not rampant, the numbers have remained steady over the years, prompting many to question the effectiveness of campaigns to prevent it.

“Teens sext for a variety of reasons — the most popular are sexual exploration, fun, flirtation and to communicate sexual intent,” said Michelle Drouin, a psychology professor at Purdue University-Fort Wayne in Indianapolis. “In some ways it is part of sexual exploration in a digital age. Many teens do it — it’s not a ‘bad kid’ issue.”

Nonetheless, sexting has been linked to psychological trauma among adolescents.

“The young adults I survey sometimes feel distress about the nude or nearly nude photos they have sent,” said Drouin, who wasn’t involved with the study. “I think the only way to curb teen sexting is through targeted education. Sexting should definitely be a standard component of sex education.”

Hinduja said efforts to discourage sexting should not aim to stifle sexual development. Instead, they should focus on the seriousness of potential consequences — legal, financial, reputational, social or otherwise, he said.

For future research, his team is interested in exploring the best ways to deter teens from sexting.

“Are there any messages that resonate more powerfully so that they second-guess taking and sending a nude?” Hinduja said. “Do the consequences they hear about concern them at all? Do they have an invincibility complex about these sorts of things?”

In the meantime, letting teens know that a relatively small proportion of their peers engage in sexting may be a deterrent, he said.

“It underscores that it is not as normal, commonplace, or widespread as they might believe,” Hinduja said in a Florida Atlantic University news release.

The study was published recently in the journal Archives of Sexual Behavior. It was co-authored by Justin Patchin, a professor of criminal justice at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire.

Patchin and Hinduja are co-directors of the Cyberbullying Research Center.

More information

KidsHealth from Nemours has more advice for parents about teens and sexting.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: July 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

Diabetes Raises Heart Failure Risk More in Women Than Men

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 — Diabetes brings with it a variety of long-term complications, but at least one of those — heart failure — is a bigger threat to women than men, new research suggests.

The risk difference was even more pronounced for women with type 1 diabetes.

“Our global review of 12 million people shows that having diabetes increases the risk of heart failure in both women and men. However, this increase is greater for women than men,” said study author Toshiaki Ohkuma. He’s an honorary senior fellow at The George Institute for Global Health at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia.

One of Ohkuma’s co-authors, Sanne Peters, quantified these differences. “Type 1 diabetes was associated with a 5.15 times higher risk of heart failure in women and a 3.47 times higher risk in men — meaning a 47% higher risk of heart failure for women compared to men,” she explained.

Peters noted that women with type 2 diabetes — the more common form of diabetes — had nearly twice the risk of having heart failure. Men with type 2 diabetes had a 1.74 times higher risk. That means the risk of heart failure is 9% higher for women with type 2 diabetes compared to men.

Peters is a research fellow in epidemiology at The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.

Heart failure is different than a heart attack. During a heart attack, the heart is starved of blood and oxygen, leaving part of the heart damaged. In heart failure, the heart isn’t able to pump blood efficiently, according to the American Heart Association. This means the body may not be getting enough blood and oxygen.

Although the new research wasn’t designed to tease out a definitive cause of the increased risk, the researchers suspect that under-treatment of diabetes in women may play a role. The study authors also noted that other heart disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure, seem to be more common in women than in men.

Ohkuma also pointed out that women may have had prolonged exposure to high blood sugar levels, which can affect the heart’s ability to function. It can take up to two years longer for women to be diagnosed with diabetes than men.

Dr. John Osborne, an American Heart Association spokesperson and director of cardiology at State of the Heart Cardiology in Southlake, Texas, said, “There’s still a problem with diagnosing women. In this study, they spent longer in the ‘prediabetes’ stage than men.”

That delay, he said, may be a factor in the differences in heart failure risk.

“Diabetes is bad for everyone, but in women, it’s really bad,” Osborne said.

The new research included information from 14 studies. Those studies included 47 distinct groups comprised of more than 12 million people. (About 3.2 million had type 1 diabetes).

So, what can someone with diabetes, especially a woman with type 1 diabetes, do to lessen the risk of heart failure?

Peters said a healthy lifestyle and controlling high blood pressure, diabetes and coronary heart disease are all important for preventing heart failure. She added that preventing diabetes in the first place is also helpful.

Osborne said eating right, getting regular exercise and not smoking are all important in preventing heart failure. If you have diabetes, newer medications — known as SGLT2 inhibitors — have been shown to reduce the risk of heart failure, he said.

If you have a family history of heart failure, or you have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol and excess weight, it’s important to talk with your doctor about your heart failure and diabetes risk.

The study was published July 18 in Diabetologia.

More information

Learn more about heart-healthy habits from the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

© 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Posted: July 2019

Drugs.com – Daily MedNews

How To Set Up A Home Grow Operation On A Budget Of Less Than $1,000

Consuming marijuana can be an expensive undertaking. Some every day ask themselves is it worth the costs to buy weed. Some may think, but what if they grow it, would it be cheaper? We, the people at www.420finmgmt.com where we try to get you the best bang for your green, crunched the numbers for you.

A gram of flower, which most stoners wouldn’t consider much, goes for about $ 3 for some swag to about $ 15+ for the dank stuff. A more seasoned smoker, buying an ounce would be paying around $ 100 – $ 300 for flower. An entrepreneurial smoker, as I hope we have a few here, would it make sense not to buy from your local dispensary or dealer, but rather to grow your own? What would this kind of endeavor take? Let’s dive into the costs and see if becoming a farmer is in your future.

Space to Grow

First thing first, do you have some free space either indoors or outdoors to grow. Let’s assume you have an extra closet or small bedroom available and want to start a grow operation in there. What would you need to start?

Electricity

One thing about growing it is very energy intensive. A lot of rooms like a closet or spare bedroom may lack any outlets, or if it does have an outlet, it is on the main circuit breaker line. This overload causes problems because of the amount of energy need for the ventilation system, and lighting could trip the breaker.

I would recommend hiring an electrician to bring in electricity directly from your main fuse box so that the grow room is on its own circuit. An electrician usually costs about $ 50 to $ 100 an hour and depending on your home’s layout this operation make take a few hours. In states where marijuana is still illegal, it is also plus if you know a trustworthy electrician for this kind of job as there are not too many other needs for this kind of work. Don’t want to raise any red flags before you grow.

Water

Water, the giver of life, surely water would be free. Sadly no. You will most likely be billed for your water usage by your town or city. In drier climates, like Las Vegas and San Diego, typically have higher water usage rates than places like Seattle and Portland, where the average annual rainfall is much higher. Low rainfall can drive up water prices in certain areas. Given the wide range of water prices across the United States, it is too hard to give a ballpark price, but your plants will need it unless they grow on brawndo.

Ventilation

If you remember your introduction to biology class from Freshman year, you’ll recall that plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. The leaves of the plants are a plant’s lungs, if they become clogged with the poisons pushed out during transpiration, they will die. Dead leaves mean dead marijuana plants. This is why it is important to have air flowing through your room with your plants.

Make sure during your planning phase you layout an extraction route. Hot air rises so make sure put your extractor fan on the top of the room. Use some flexible tubing to “aim” the exhaust to a safe area. For example, away from a nosy neighbor house. If you have a grow tent of 40’’ by 40’’ in your grow room or space, you will need a 6? exhaust fan, which will cost you about $ 100. The larger your grow tent, the larger exhaust fan you will need.

Growing medium

Most new growers make the mistake of limiting themselves to only using soil to grow cannabis plants. In fact, many cannabis growers prefer other growing mediums such as hydroponics, perlite with soil mixes, or coco. Let’s assume your mission is to keep your costs low and grow using some quality topsoil which will set you back about $ 20 bucks a bag.

Lighting

There are many different types of lighting you can use to grow your marijuana plants. The big three are CFL, HID and LED. Again assuming a grow tent of 40’’ by 40’’ you need about the equivalent of a 400 HID grow light. This goes for about $ 300 on Amazon. I prefer LED to HID for several reasons. An equivalent LED light would cost about $ 200, so you would save on bulb cost. The biggest cost other than the bulb is your electric bill. It can be almost 50% to 75% cheaper using LED vs. HID. LED also have no filaments meaning they can go for longer without needing a replacement light. Also LED generate no heat, this can allow you to have a smaller exhaust fan system.

Nutrients

Feeding schedules can be specifically developed for the different stages in the marijuana plant growth. These schedules will make the difference in the amount of bud produced, so it is important to feed your plants right.

The basic elements a plant needs are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, magnesium, and calcium. Water brings in the rest with hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon. However, not all elements are created equally. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium or in the periodic element symbols N, P, K are the most important. When you purchase a bag of nutrients, you will often see the N-P-K ratio listed on the bag. During the growing cycle, this balance of N-P-K will change. Cannabis requires a higher nitrogen ratio during the vegetative and early flowering stage as it is the main component for growth. During flowering, you want a lower nitrogen and higher phosphorus N-P-K fertilizer ratio.  I am not going to get into all the details here as I am not farming expert by any means but to give you a rough idea you will need about two bags of the difference blends for each stage which will run about $ 15 a bag so $ 30 total.

Cannabis Seeds

There are many online seed banks around the world you can purchase seeds from all over. In many nations, it is easy to buy seeds online because the laws are friendly. But alas we live in the draconian United States of America. There are roughly 30 states that allow either medical marijuana or recreational marijuana, but marijuana remains a controlled substance at the federal level.

If you live in the US and attempt to purchase cannabis seeds online, you run the risk of having your seeds seized by Border Patrol. If this happens, most, but not all overseas online seed banks will send you another shipment to replace those that were seized.

It is actually more dangerous to send seeds within the United States. Recreational marijuana is legal in both Colorado and Washington, but there could be legal consequences if caught using the mail to send them from state to state. The safest course of action if you are in a state with legal recreational weed or medical marijuana is to buy marijuana seeds from a seed bank within your state.

These seeds are not cheap either. To buy cannabis seeds, It cost almost $ 10-12 per seed, meaning a dozen seeds will cost you about $ 144. You could buy 25 pumpkins seeds for $ 5, but come on how you going to smoke a pumpkin.

Conclusions: What’s the final cost? Grow vs. Buy

According to the TheCannabist.com, the median spend by an average customer was $ 647 annually. It is important to note that this study was done in Washington state based on legal users of cannabis.

Assuming you have a spare room to set up your grow area we are looking at a setup cost of $ 200 for the electrician to install a separate line, $ 100 for the exhaust fan, $ 20 for soil, $ 200 for LED lighting, $ 30 for fertilizer and $ 144 for seed. Toss in the support for the plant pots, pots and plastic tent cover for another $ 100 for a grand total set up cost of $ 794. That is just for the initial setup, you need to factor in the operating expenses of water, electricity and additional soil and fertilizer as ongoing expenses.

So, in conclusion, it may make sense if you can afford the upfront cost to set up your own grow operations versus buying recreational weed as normal and in the long term, your costs would be lower than as a consistency consumption.

Shane Dwyer
Author: Shane Dwyer
Shane Dwyer is a cannabis advocate who isn’t afraid to tell the world about it! You can find his views, rants, and tips published regularly at The 420 Times.

Marijuana & Cannabis News – The 420 Times

New Brain Cells Grow Later In Life Than We Think

By Robert Preidt

HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, May 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) — New research delivers fresh hope for everyone who struggles with a fading memory: Neurons continue to form well into old age, even in people with mental impairments or Alzheimer’s disease.

“We found that there was active neurogenesis [new neurons forming] in the hippocampus of older adults well into their 90s,” said study author Orly Lazarov, a professor of anatomy and cell biology at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

“The interesting thing is that we also saw some new neurons in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive [thinking] impairment,” she added in a university news release.

The findings could lead to new treatments for mental decline in older adults, the researchers said.

In the study, Lazarov and her colleagues examined hippocampus tissue from the brains of 18 people, average age 90.6 years, after they died.

The hippocampus is involved in the formation of memories and in learning.

On average, there were about 2,000 neural stem cells and 150,000 developing neurons in each brain.

While people with mental impairments and Alzheimer’s disease did have new neurons, their levels were significantly lower than in people with normal brain function, the researchers noted.

This is the first evidence of significant numbers of neural stem cells and newly developing neurons in the hippocampus of elderly adults, even in those with disorders that affect that part of the brain.

The researchers also found that people who scored better on tests of mental skills had more newly developing neurons in the hippocampus than those who scored lower on the tests, regardless of the level of disease in the brain.

“The mix of the effects of pathology and neurogenesis is complex and we don’t understand exactly how the two interconnect, but there is clearly a lot of variation from individual to individual,” Lazarov said.

“The fact that we found that neural stem cells and new neurons are present in the hippocampus of older adults means that if we can find a way to enhance neurogenesis, through a small molecule, for example, we may be able to slow or prevent cognitive decline in older adults, especially when it starts, which is when interventions can be most effective,” she said.

The findings were published May 23 in the journal Cell Stem Cell.

WebMD News from HealthDay

Sources

SOURCE: University of Illinois at Chicago, news release, May 24, 2019

Copyright © 2013-2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Health

Workers save dog spotted more than 100 miles off Thailand coast

REUTERS (April 17) – A Thai animal rescue group welcomed a dog who was rescued nearly 220 kilometers (136 miles) from shore Monday.

The dog, named Boonrod – a Thai word which roughly translates to “the saved one” – was brought to shore for a health check after being found dehydrated and hungry by workers on an oil rig on Friday.

Video from the rescue group Dog Smile House showed people greeting Boonrod on a dock in Hat Yai in Songkhla province, southern Thailand, showering him with pats and giving him a garland. Photos taken by oil rig workers showed him being brought up with a rope and given food and water before being transported to a boat, which brought him back to Hat Yai.

Boonrod is expected to go to his adoptive home in Khon Kaen in northeastern Thailand after he recovers.

Reuters: Oddly Enough

Unclothed man displays more than art in Moscow gallery stroll: RIA

MOSCOW (Reuters) – A man stripped down to skimpy underwear and took a stroll through Moscow’s State Tretyakov Gallery on Wednesday evening in what it called an “unsanctioned performance,” the RIA news agency reported.

A naked man walks in Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, Russia March 20, 2019 in this still image obtained from a social media video filmed on 360 Camera on March 21, 2019. VK.COM/MAXTT via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS – THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. MANDATORY CREDIT. NO RESALES. NO ARCHIVES

This was the third incident involving a visitor to one of Russia’s leading art galleries in under a year.

Video footage circulating on Russian social media showed a relatively young man with a shaven head and wearing a red G-string walking casually through the museum and stopping in front of a large painting.

The gallery said the performance was staged by modern artists who had left behind small artworks in its halls, RIA reported.

No artworks or visitors had been threatened by the performance, the gallery added.

The police were now searching for the unclothed performer, a source told TASS news agency.

This is the second incident in as many months involving visitors at the gallery and the third since May 2018.

Police in January arrested a man caught on camera taking “Ai Petri, Crimea”, a mountain scene painted by Russian landscape artist Arkhip Kuindzhi in 1908, and leaving with it under his arm.

The painting was recovered undamaged, but the incident prompted the Ministry of Culture to order security checks at all of Russia’s top museums.

In May last year, a man damaged one of Russia’s most famous paintings depicting Tsar Ivan the Terrible cradling his dying son, by attacking it with a metal pole after drinking vodka.

Reporting by Gabrielle Tétrault-Farber, editing by Nick Carey

Reuters: Oddly Enough